Map roughly depicting the Eastern and Western hemispheres
cartography, the hemispheres of Earth refer to any division of
the globe into two
Ancient Greek ἡμισφαίριον hēmisphairion, meaning "half of a sphere").
The most common such divisions are by
The East–West division can also be seen in a cultural and religious sense, as a division into two
cultural and religious hemispheres.
However, other schemes have sought to divide the planet in a way that maximizes the preponderance of one geographic feature or another in each division:
Land Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest possible area of land
Water Hemisphere, the hemisphere on Earth containing the largest possible area of water
The Land Hemisphere is at the top, and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom.
The Land Hemisphere is at the top and the Water Hemisphere is at the bottom
Earth may also be split into hemispheres of
night by the terrestrial
Media related to
Earth's hemispheres at Wikimedia Commons