Graveney

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graveney

Graveney
Graveney is located in Kent
Graveney
Graveney
Location within Kent
Population490 (2011) [1]
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Faversham
Postcode district ME13
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°19′40″N 0°56′50″E / 51.3279°N 0.9471°E / 51.3279; 0.9471
GRAVENEY Latitude and Longitude:

51°19′40″N 0°56′50″E / 51.3279°N 0.9471°E / 51.3279; 0.9471

Graveney is a relatively small but widely dispersed village located between Faversham and Whitstable in Kent, England. The main part of the village is located along the intersection of Seasalter Road, Sandbanks Road and Head Hill Road (at the railway crossing), which is surrounded by farmland. The rest of the village is dispersed amongs this farmland.

Features include a local Pub ('The Four Horseshoes'), a primary school and a church. There is also a regular bus service that runs through the village.

The Saxon Shore Way (long-distance path) passes around the Graveney Marshes (between Seasalter and Faversham). [2] The marshes are part of the South Swale SSSI.

Graveney Church

All Saints Church, Graveney

All Saints Church, Graveney, was constructed in Norman times, but it is mainly 14th century. The connections between the village of Graveney and the Christian Church can be traced back to a time before the Domesday Survey. [3]

Graveney boat

In 1970, when improvement works were being undertaken by Kent River Authority to drainage channels (Hammond Drain and White Drain) in Graveness, an Anglo-Saxon clinker-built boat was found in the mudflats. The boat was carefully removed by the National Maritime Museum to be conserved and stabilised by the Mary Rose Trust. [4] [5]

It was a cross-channel cargo vessel, reconstructed as some 13.6 m (45 ft) long and 3.4 m (11 ft) wide and 1 m (3 ft 3 in) in draught. Later studies, including dendrochronology determined that it was built from oak, in the mid-890s. It was abandoned in the mud in 950AD. It was also found that one of the last cargo's it carried was hops (vines used in making beer). Other remains include fragments of quern-stones (grinding stones) made from Mayen lava, located in the Rhineland, Germany. [6]

Graveney marshes

Graveney marshes

Across the marsh run the 400kV powerlines of the national grid They are supported by eight pylons. There is a large 150/400kV electricity substation, serving the London Array offshore wind farm that lies to the north beyond the mouth of the Thames Estuary. Planning permission has been granted to construct a 350MW solar power farm around Cleve Hill, and connect the output to the grid through this substation. [7]

The Battle of Graveney Marsh was the last ground level battle fought on British soil; there were no fatalities and one flesh wound. It was fought on 28 September 1940 and the participants were the crew of Ju88 twin engine bomber that had been forced to crashland and London Irish Rifles who had been billeted in Seasalter. [8] The marshes are the homes to many wildlife species, including lapwing, brent goose, golden plover and marsh harrier. [9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Graveney". Faversham Org. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  3. ^ "All Saints, Graveney". Faversham Org. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Graveney Boat". Faversham Org. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  5. ^ Evans, Angela Care; Fenwick, Valerie H. (June 1971). "The Graveney Boat". Antiquity. Antiquity Publications Ltd. 45 (178): 89–96. doi: 10.1017/S0003598X00069234.
  6. ^ Cornell, Martyn (20 September 2012). "The Graveney Boat, a hop history mystery". wordpress.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  7. ^ "Welcome to our website - Welcome". Welcome to our website. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  8. ^ Hollway, Don. 'The Battle of Graveney Marsh'. History Magazine. Feb/March 2019. http://www.donhollway.com/graveneymarsh/index.html Accessed 2020-04-20.
  9. ^ Barratt, Will (28 May 2020). "Cleve Hill the Largest Solar Park in the UK Gets Granted Consent". Power Transmission Distribution.

External links

  • Media related to Graveney at Wikimedia Commons