Gomphus (fungus)

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gomphus_(fungus)

Gomphus
Schweinsohr-1.jpg
Gomphus clavatus
Albin Schmalfuß, 1897
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Gomphales
Family: Gomphaceae
Genus: Gomphus
Pers. (1794)
Type species
Gomphus clavatus
(Pers.) Gray (1821)
Species

See text

Gomphus is a genus of cantharelloid fungi in the family Gomphaceae. [1] Once presumed to be related to chanterelles, molecular study has shown them to be allied with stinkhorns and fairy clubs. The type species of the genus is the pig's ear ( G. clavatus).

Christiaan Hendrik Persoon named the genus in 1797, but did not assign any species to it at the time. [2] The generic name is derived from the Greek 'γομφος' gomphos meaning 'plug' or 'large wedge-shaped nail'. [3]

Species

As of September 2015, Index Fungorum accepts 18 species of Gomphus: [4]

There are several undescribed species in the forests of Myrtle beech ( Nothofagus cunninghamii) in Tasmania. [5] Bruce Fuhrer noticed in 1992 that the large and ornamented spores of these species resembled those of the genera Ramaria and Beenakia. [6]

References

  1. ^ Giachini, Admir J.; Camelini, Carla M.; Rossi, Márcio J.; Soares, Cláudio R.F.S.; Trappe, James M. (2012). "Systematics of the Gomphales: the genus Gomphus sensu stricto". Mycotaxon. 120: 385–400. doi: 10.5248/120.385.
  2. ^ Giachini AJ, Castellano MA (2011). "A new taxonomic classification for species in Gomphus sensu lato". Mycotaxon. 115: 183–201. doi: 10.5248/115.183.
  3. ^ Liddell HJ, Scott R (1980). Greek-English Lexicon, Abridged Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ISBN  978-0-19-910207-5.
  4. ^ Kirk PM. "Species Fungorum (version 26th August 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  5. ^ Fuhrer B (2005) A Field Guide to Australian Fungi. Bloomings Books. ISBN  1-876473-51-7
  6. ^ Fuhrer B, Robinson R (1992). Rainforest Fungi of Tasmania and Southeast Australia. CSIRO Press. ISBN  978-0-643-05311-3.