From Wikipedia

Clavariadelphus ligula
Clavariadelphus ligula
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Subclass: Phallomycetidae
Order: Gomphales
Jülich, 1981 [1]

The Gomphales are an order of basidiomycete fungi. [2] [3] [4] Some or all families belonging to Gomphales have been sometimes included in the order Phallales (and vice versa - [5] they are also sometimes treated as synonyms), [6] the now-obsolete Ramariaceae was also previously included in Cantharellales. Recent phylogenetic analyses include in Gomphales the families of the original description of the order by Walter Jülich, with addition of Clavariadelphaceae. [7] According to one 2008 estimate, the Gomphales contain 18 genera and 336 species. [8]


  1. ^ Julich, W. (1981). "Higher taxa of basidiomycetes". Biblthca Mycol. 85: 348.
  2. ^ Hibbett, David S. 2007. Agaricomycetes. Mushroom-Forming Fungi. Version 20 April 2007. http://tolweb.org/Agaricomycetes/20535/2007.04.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/
  3. ^ Hibbett DS, Binder M, Bischoff JF, Blackwell M, Cannon PF, Eriksson OE, Huhndorf S, James T, Kirk PM, Lücking R, Thorsten Lumbsch H, Lutzoni F, Matheny PB, McLaughlin DJ, Powell MJ, Redhead S, Schoch CL, Spatafora JW, Stalpers JA, Vilgalys R, Aime MC, Aptroot A, Bauer R, Begerow D, Benny GL, Castlebury LA, Crous PW, Dai YC, Gams W, Geiser DM, Griffith GW, Gueidan C, Hawksworth DL, Hestmark G, Hosaka K, Humber RA, Hyde KD, Ironside JE, Kõljalg U, Kurtzman CP, Larsson KH, Lichtwardt R, Longcore J, Miadlikowska J, Miller A, Moncalvo JM, Mozley-Standridge S, Oberwinkler F, Parmasto E, Reeb V, Rogers JD, Roux C, Ryvarden L, Sampaio JP, Schüssler A, Sugiyama J, Thorn RG, Tibell L, Untereiner WA, Walker C, Wang Z, Weir A, Weiss M, White MM, Winka K, Yao YJ, Zhang N (May 2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycol. Res. 111 (Pt 5): 509–47. CiteSeerX doi: 10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID  17572334.
  4. ^ Mycobank http://www.mycobank.org/MycoTaxo.aspx?Link=T&Rec=90552
  5. ^ "New Zealand Fungi - Phallaceae". nzfungi.landcareresearch.co.nz.
  6. ^ "Search - Catalogue of Life". www.catalogueoflife.org.
  7. ^ Hosaka K, Bates ST, Beever RE, Castellano MA, Colgan W, Domínguez LS, Nouhra ER, Geml J, Giachini AJ, Kenney SR, Simpson NB, Spatafora JW, Trappe JM (2006). "Molecular phylogenetics of the gomphoid-phalloid fungi with an establishment of the new subclass Phallomycetidae and two new orders". Mycologia. 98 (6): 949–59. doi: 10.3852/mycologia.98.6.949. PMID  17486971.
  8. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. p.  289. ISBN  978-0-85199-826-8.

External links