Esch-Uelzecht ( Luxembourgish)
ESCH-SUR-ALZETTE Latitude and Longitude:
|• Mayor||Mischo Georges ( CSV)|
|• Total||14.35 km2 (5.54 sq mi)|
|Area rank||81st of 102|
|Highest elevation||426 m (1,398 ft)|
|• Rank||32nd of 102|
|Lowest elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|• Rank||84th of 102|
|• Rank||2nd of 102|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||1st of 102|
|Time zone||UTC+1 ( CET)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC+2 ( CEST)|
Esch-sur-Alzette (French: [ɛʃ syʁ alzɛt]; Luxembourgish: Esch-Uelzecht [ˌæʒ ˈuəltsəɕt] ( listen); German: Esch an der Alzette [ˈɛʃ ʔan deːɐ̯ ʔalˈzɛt] or Esch an der Alzig) is a commune with town status in south-western Luxembourg. It is the country's second "city", and its second-most populous commune, with a population of 35,040 inhabitants, as of 2018 [update]. It lies in the south-west of the country, on the border with France and in the valley of the Alzette, which flows through the town. The town is usually referred to as just Esch; however, the full name distinguishes it from the village and commune of Esch-sur-Sûre which lies 45 kilometres (28 miles) further north. The country's capital, Luxembourg City, is roughly 15 km (9.3 mi) to the north-east.
For a long time Esch was a small farming village in the valley of the Uelzecht river. This changed when important amounts of iron ore were found in the area in the 1850s. With the development of the mines and the steel industry the town's population multiplied tenfold in a couple of decades. In 1911 the steel- and iron-producing company ARBED was founded.  The development of the steel industry, especially in the south of the country, provided Luxembourg with sustained economic growth during the second half of the 19th century. 
In the 1970s, as a result of the steel crisis, the mines and many of the blast furnaces were shut down, the last one, in Esch-Belval, definitely halting its operations in 1997.  The blast furnaces were replaced by an electric furnace that is fed with scrap metal rather than iron ore. 
Today the industrial wastelands on Belval left behind by the steel industry, are being redeveloped and converted into a new, modern town quarter. New cultural buildings such as the cinema Kinepolis Belval  and the Rockhal, Luxembourg's biggest concert hall. 
Esch is home to the Conservatoire de Musique. 
The town has the longest shopping street in Luxembourg. 
Esch is governed by its communal council, consisting of 19 councillors. Elections take place to this body every 6 years, under a system of proportional representation. Currently the mayor is Vera Spautz, of the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP).  The governing majority on the council consists of the LSAP and The Greens. 
|G||Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP)||38.48%||9||0|
|Christian Social People's Party (CSV)||19.22%||4||1|
|Democratic Party (DP)||7.50%||1||0|
|Communist Party of Luxembourg (KPL)||5.25%||1||1|
|Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR)||3.85%||-||1|
'G' denotes parties that went on to form the governing majority.
- 2017 elections
The most recent elections were held on 8 October 2017; the results are listed below. 
After the elections, a coalition agreement was signed between 3 parties, the CSV, the Greens, and the DP, who will form the new governing majority on the council. The designated new mayor is Tom Schlesser of Dei Lénk. 
|G||Christian Social People's Party (CSV)||30.87%||6||2|
|Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP)||27.86%||6||3|
|G||Democratic Party (DP)||9.11%||2||1|
|Communist Party of Luxembourg (KPL)||4.14%||-||1|
|Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR)||3.29%||-|
|Pirate Party of Luxembourg||1.66%||-|
Esch is connected by the bus lines 1,2,3,4,5,7,12,13,15 and 17 of the communal public transport company T.I.C.E (tramways intercommunales du canton Esch/Alzette, intercommunal tramway of the canton Esch/Alzette), which maintenance depot and headquarter is situated in Esch, and by lines 307, 312, 313 and 314 of the R.G.T.R. 
- "ArcelorMittal - History". Archived from the original on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
- "Economic and social portrait of Luxembourg : Introduction". Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "History". 1 June 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "Utopolis.lu - Utopolis Belval". Archived from the original on 4 March 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "Rockhal: Featured". www.rockhal.lu. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "Site Esch/Belval - esch.lu". Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2013-09-06.
- "Welcome to Esch-sur-Alzette" Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Luxembourg National Tourist Office. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
- "Conservatoire de Musique - esch.lu". 30 January 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-01-30. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
- "Shopping in Luxembourg - Luxembourg.lu - Visit Luxembourg". Archived from the original on 12 September 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "Le Bourgmestre". Ville d'Esch-sur-Alzette. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "Le Conseil Communal". Ville d'Esch-sur-Alzette. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "Commune Esch sur alzette" (in French). Retrieved 2017-11-01.
- "Esch-sur-Alzette" (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "Historic change: New CSV, DP and Greens coalition in Esch/Alzette". Wort.lu. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-01.
- "Linien und Fahrpläne (Gültig ab 5. Dezember)". www.tice.lu. Retrieved 2016-12-06.
- "Bus". Mobilitéitszentral. Retrieved 2016-12-06.
- "Affaires Internationales". esch.lu (in French). Esch-sur-Alzette. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Esch-sur-Alzette.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Esch-sur-Alzette.|
- (in French) Official website of the town of Esch-sur-Alzette
- A large private collection of pictures of the town and its surroundings — articles in German, French and Luxembourgish
- HoloGuides : Esch/Alzette - photos, events, etc.
- FEATS Newsletter, December 1999 - discusses quite a few matters relating to Esch