Ed Brubaker

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_Brubaker

Ed Brubaker
6.21.10EdBrubakerByLuigiNovi1.jpg
Brubaker at a book signing at Midtown Comics Times Square on June 21, 2010
Born (1966-11-17) November 17, 1966 (age 54)
Bethesda, Maryland
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)writer, artist
Notable works
Captain America
Catwoman
Criminal
Daredevil
Gotham Central
Incognito
Sleeper
Uncanny X-Men
Awards Harvey Award, 2006, 2007
Eisner Award, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2019

Ed Brubaker ( /ˈbrbkər/; born November 17, 1966) [1] is an American comic book writer and cartoonist who works primarily in the crime fiction genre. He began his career with the semi-autobiographical series Lowlife and a number of serials in the Dark Horse Presents anthology, before achieving industry-wide acclaim with the Vertigo series Scene of the Crime and moving to the superhero comics such as Batman, Catwoman, The Authority, Captain America, Daredevil and Uncanny X-Men. Brubaker is best known for his long-standing collaboration with British artist Sean Phillips, starting with their Elseworlds one-shot Batman: Gotham Noir in 2001 and continuing with a number of creator-owned series such as Criminal, Incognito, Fatale, The Fade Out and Kill or Be Killed. Brubaker has won an Eisner Award on seven separate occasions.

Career

Early work

Brubaker began his career in comics as a cartoonist, writing and drawing Pajama Chronicles for Blackthorne Publishing, Purgatory U.S.A. for Slave Labor Graphics and several short stories for various small-press anthologies. His most well-known work of the period is Lowlife, a semi-autobiographical series first published by Calber and later moved to Aeon Press. For Caliber, Brubaker also co-edited an anthology publication titled Monkey Wrench. [2]

In 1991, Brubaker wrote one of his earliest crime stories for the Dark Horse anthology series Dark Horse Presents, which he would continue to contribute to intermittently throughout the decade. Among those contributions were the three-part serial "An Accidental Death", a collaboration between Brubaker and artist Eric Shanower which garnered the two an Eisner Award nomination in 1993, [3] a Godzilla short story and another tale under the "Lowlife" title, this time a romantic triangle explored through three stories with each depicting a different participant's point-of-view. [4] The latter story was collected by Alternative Comics into a standalone publication titled At the Seams, which in turn was nominated for Outstanding Graphic Novel or Collection at the 1997 Ignatz Awards. His other work for Alternative Comics, the humorous and experimental Detour #1, was to be the first issue of a series, though only one issue was published. [5] Detour was nominated for the "Best New Series" Harvey Award in 1998.

Brubaker's last work for Dark Horse Presents was "The Fall", a five-part story illustrated by Berlin creator Jason Lutes about a convenience store clerk who gets involved in a ten-year-old murder mystery after he uses a stolen credit card. In 2001, all five parts were collected into a one-shot by Canadian publisher Drawn & Quarterly. In 2004, IDW Publishing announced the first creator-owned project by Brubaker and artist Sean Phillips, a pirate-themed series titled Black Sails. [6] The creators eventually decided to shelve the series in favor of Criminal (published under Marvel's Icon imprint), [7] and "The Fall" remained Brubaker's last independent comics work until his move to Image in 2012.

DC Comics

In 1995, Brubaker was contacted by DC Comics to write a story about Prez for its "mature readers" imprint Vertigo, after being recommended to the editors by his "An Accidental Death" collaborator Eric Shanower (who was already attached to the project as the artist). [8] The result—Brubaker's first work for one of the two major American comic book publishers—was a one-shot titled Vertigo Visions: Prez, a broad political satire revamping the obscure 1970s Joe Simon creation. Brubaker continued to pitch various ideas to Vertigo but kept getting rejected until Shelly Roeberg asked him to pitch "something [he] didn't think Vertigo would publish", which ended up being Scene of the Crime. [8] The 1999 series marked Brubaker's first collaboration with two artists who would frequently work with him in later years: Michael Lark and Sean Phillips (who joined the project as the inker for issues #2–4). A slacker detective story set in San Francisco, Scene of the Crime was critically acclaimed and brought Brubaker to the attention of Hollywood producers for the first time. [9]

In late 2000, Brubaker signed an exclusive contract with DC Comics. [10] That same year, he wrote his first mainstream superhero work, taking over Batman with issue #582 (Oct. 2000). [11] Brubaker would continue writing various series starring Batman and his ancillary characters until late 2003, including contributons to inter-title crossover storylines such as " Officer Down", "Bruce Wayne: Murderer?" [12] and " Bruce Wayne: Fugitive". [13] Also in 2000, Brubaker launched his second creator-owned property at Vertigo, the science fiction series Deadenders with artist Warren Pleece, which lasted 16 issues before its cancellation in 2001. [14] Brubaker's last work for Vertigo was Dead Boy Detectives, a four-issue The Sandman spin-off limited series illustrated by artist Bryan Talbot.

In 2001, Brubaker teamed up with artist Darwyn Cooke to revamp Catwoman, redesigning and redeveloping the character's costume, supporting cast and modus operandi. [15] The pair's stint started with a four-part serial "Trail of the Catwoman", published in Detective Comics #759–762, in which private detective Slam Bradley attempts to investigate the death of Selina Kyle, a.k.a. Catwoman, and continued into the new Catwoman series which launched in late 2001. Brubaker stayed on the series until #37 (Jan. 2005). During this time, Brubaker and Marvel writer Brian Michael Bendis discussed co-writing a team-up tale between DC's Batman with Marvel's Daredevil. The two writers were enthusiastic about their ideas, which included a fight between Batman and Marvel villain Bullseye as well as another fight between Catwoman and Elektra. DC editors Matt Idelson and Bob Schreck were also enthusiastic, but DC Publisher Paul Levitz objected to the project due to a prior disagreement with Marvel's Editor-in-Chief Joe Quesada. [16]

In 2002, Brubaker did his first work for Wildstorm, another DC imprint, penning the five-issue Wildcats spin-off Point Blank. The series, drawn by New Zealand artist Colin Wilson and starring Wildcats' member Grifter, took existing characters and concepts from the Wildstorm Universe and used them to set up Brubaker's Sleeper series which debuted later that year. A collaboration with artist Sean Phillips, Sleeper starred Holden Carver, a secret agent who goes undercover in a supervillain's powerful organization only to have his only contact in law enforcement fall into a coma. With the authorities believing him a dangerous criminal, Carver is caught between the two warring sides with unclear allegiances. Although Sleeper was a success with critics and fans on the Internet, the series underperformed commercially. In December 2003, in a unique publicity stunt conceived to help promote the first trade paperback collection of Sleeper, Brubaker organized an arm wrestling competition at San Francisco's Isotope Comics. If participants were able to beat Brubaker at arm wrestling, they were awarded free signed comic books. According to Brubaker, he wrestled around 40–50 people and won most of the time, losing only to eight or nine contestants. [17]

During the series' run, Sleeper also took part in the company-wide crossover Coup d'Etat, with Brubaker scripting the first issue of the eponymous limited series. Coup d'Etat showed a series of events that led the Authority, a powerful team of superhumans in the Wilstorm Universe, to take over the United States. Following the crossover, Brubaker and artist Dustin Nguyen produced the 12-issue The Authority: Revolution series which explored the ramifications of the team's actions, while Sleeper was relaunched with the Season Two subtitle under the first volume's creative team. [18]

Brubaker's last major project at DC was Gotham Central, co-created by Brubaker, writer Greg Rucka and artist Michael Lark. The series focused on the activities of the Gotham City Police Department, with writers either co-scripting storylines or alternating between the arcs. [19] [20] [21] After Brubaker and Lark left the series due to their newly-signed exclusive contracts with Marvel, [22] Rucka decided to discontinue the title, and Gotham Central was cancelled with issue #40 (Apr. 2006). [23]

Marvel Comics

Brubaker (left) at a Midtown Comics book signing in Manhattan with fellow writers (seated left to right) Christos Gage, Matt Fraction and Brian Michael Bendis.

Brubaker's first work for Marvel was volume five of the Captain America series. [24] Paired with artist Steve Epting, Brubaker introduced new villains and resurrected the long-dead supporting character Bucky Barnes as "The Winter Soldier". The relaunch was a commercial and critical success from its first issue with its most well-known storyline involving the assassination of Steve Rogers and subsequent passing of the Captain America mantle to Bucky Barnes. [25] [26] [27] Brubaker wrote Captain America for eight full years, from November 2004 to October 2012, alongside several spin-off titles and associated series based around the character, including the 2009 mini-series Captain America: Reborn, which featured the return of Rogers, the eight-issue The Marvels Project limited series, as well as Secret Avengers, an ongoing series that followed the adventures of the new eponymous team formed in the aftermath of the Siege inter-company crossover.

Brubaker's workload at Marvel increased in 2006. He wrote two limited series, Books of Doom with artist Pablo Raimondi, retelling and expanding on the origin of Doctor Doom, and X-Men: Deadly Genesis with artist Trevor Hairsine, retconning the origins of the All-New, All-Different X-Men team that debuted in 1975. After finishing Deadly Genesis in July 2006, Brubaker became the regular writer of Uncanny X-Men, working with artists Billy Tan and Clayton Henry. [28] In addition to that, he also took over Daredevil, having already planned his run with outgoing writer Brian Michael Bendis. [29] Once again teaming up with his Scene of the Crime and Gotham Central collaborator Michael Lark, [30] Brubaker explored the ramifications of the character's imprisonment which occurred at the close of Bendis' run. Another notable launch of the year was The Immortal Iron Fist, an ongoing series co-written by Brubaker and Matt Fraction which started in November 2006. [31]

Also in 2006, Brubaker and artist Sean Phillips launched their first creator-owned series Criminal, published under Marvel's Icon imprint. [32] [33] The title received generally positive reviews [34] and its first arc, "Coward", won the 2007 Eisner Award for Best New Series. [35] In 2008, after two volumes of Criminal, Brubaker and Phillips took a break from the series to launch another Icon title, Incognito, which Brubaker described as being "about a completely amoral guy with super-powers forced to pretend he's a normal law-abiding citizen, because he's in Witness Protection, and how that shapes what he becomes. It's also a brutal noir twist on the super-hero/super-villain genre that delves more into their roots in the pulps, and it's going to be pretty over-the-top and action-packed." [36]

In February 2010, a controversy arose around Captain America #602, which depicted a group of anti-tax protesters, understood by some readers to be a Tea Party, which was characterized by the Falcon as exclusively white and racist group. Brubaker and Marvel's Editor-in-Chief Joe Quesada apologized for the matter, explaining that, although Brubaker did not intend the protesters to represent any particular real-life group, one of the signs depicted in the scene read, "Tea Bag The Libs Before They Tea Bag YOU!". The slogan was not in Brubaker's script and was instead added by letterer Joe Caramagna, who, under deadline pressures, used messages from signs he found online at the last minute. Quesada further assured that the error would not appear in future reprints of the issue. [37] [38] [39] In an interview following the controversy Brubaker stated, "I had to shut down my public email because I started getting death threats from, y'know, peaceful protesters." [40]

Image Comics

In January 2012, Brubaker and Phillips launched Fatale at Image. The series was initially announced as a twelve-issue maxi-series but was upgraded to an ongoing title in November 2012. [41] Jesse Schedeen of IGN stated that "You can't go wrong with a Brubaker/Phillips collaboration. Even so, Fatale is making a strong case for being the best of their projects." [42] In October 2013, Brubaker signed a five-year contract to produce comics exclusively for Image. Under the terms of the deal, Image would publish any comic Brubaker brought to them without having to pitch it. Brubaker stated this arrangement was something he has always wanted. [43] The first series released under this contract was The Fade Out, a Hollywood period piece made with frequent collaborator Sean Phillips. [44]

Brubaker's other projects for Image include Velvet, a spy series illustrated by his Captain America collaborator Steve Epting. [45] [46]

Non-comics work

In March 2009, Brubaker premiered his web series Angel of Death on Crackle. [47]

Brubaker made a cameo appearance in the 2014 film Captain America: The Winter Soldier, playing the Winter Soldier's handler. [48]

He has also appeared on two episodes of the popular movie review podcast How Did This Get Made?, covering Daredevil and The Phantom.

In 2016, Brubaker joined the writing staff for HBO's Westworld. [49] He co-wrote the episode " Dissonance Theory" with Jonathan Nolan.

In 2019, Brubaker partnered with Nicolas Winding Refn to produce Too Old to Die Young, a 10-part neo-noir miniseries for Amazon.

Personal life

Brubaker lives in Seattle, with his wife, Melanie. [50]

Awards and nominations

Awards

Nominations

  • 1993 Eisner Award nominee – Best Writer-Artist Team ("An Accidental Death") [60]
  • 1997 Ignatz Award nominee – Outstanding Graphic Novel or Collection (At the Seams) [61]
  • 1998 Harvey Award nominee – Best New Series (Detour) [62]
  • 2000 Eisner Award nominee – Best Writer ( Scene of the Crime) and Best Mini-Series (Scene of the Crime) [63]
  • 2007 Eisner Award nominee – Best Continuing Series (Daredevil with Michael Lark and Stefano Gaudiano, Captain America with Steve Epting) [64]
  • 2010 Eisner Award nominee – Best Limited Series or Story Arc (Incognito with Sean Phillips) [65]
  • 2013 Eisner Award nominee – Best Continuing Series ( Fatale with Sean Phillips) [66]
  • 2013 Eisner Award nominee – Best New Series (Fatale with Sean Phillips) [66]
  • 2013 Eisner Award nominee – Best Writer (Fatale) [66]

Bibliography

Early work

  • Blackthorne Publishing:
  • Purgatory U.S.A. (script and art, one-shot, Slave Labor Graphics, 1989)
  • Rip Off Press:
  • Caliber:
    • Lowlife #1–2 (script and art, 1991)
      • Three more issues (written and drawn by Brubaker) were published by Aeon Press as Lowlife #3–5 (1993–1996)
      • Stories from all five issues in rearranged order are collected as A Complete Lowlife (tpb, 112 pages, Black Eye, 1997, ISBN  1-891830-20-1)
    • Monkey Wrench: "Almost Like Wisdom" (with Brian Sendelbach, anthology one-shot co-edited by Brubaker and Josh Petrin, Iconografix, 1992)
  • Dark Horse Presents ( Dark Horse):
  • Real Stuff (art — written by Dennis Eichhorn, anthology, Fantagraphics Books):
    • "Sixth Player" (in #9, 1992)
    • "The Guy Who Wanted to Be Friends" (in #13, 1993)
  • Madman Adventures: Spare the Future Legend (art for the jam cover; tpb, 66 pages, Tundra, 1993, ISBN  1-56862-014-4)
  • Wiindows #21 (cover only, Cult Press, 1994)
  • Northwest Cartoon Cookery: "Food, Glorious Food" (art — written by Dennis Eichhorn, anthology one-shot, Starhead Comix, 1995)
  • Oh That Monroe: "The Homo Test" (co-written by Brubaker and Jon Lewis, art by Sam Henderson, anthology one-shot, Wow Cool, 1995)
  • Alternative Comics:
  • Small Press Expo '97: "Mysteries?" (script and art, 1-page story in the anthology one-shot, CBLDF, 1997)
  • Oni Double Feature #5 (script and art, untitled 1-page story in the anthology, Oni Press, 1998)
  • Astronauts in Trouble: Cool Ed's (as "assistant editor"; written by Larry Young, drawn by Charlie Adlard, one-shot, AiT/Planet Lar, 1999)

DC Comics

Vertigo

DC Universe

Wildstorm

Marvel Comics

Image Comics

Other publishers

References

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External links

Interviews

Preceded by
Batman writer
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Catwoman writer
2002–2005
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Detective Comics writer
2003
Succeeded by
Preceded by
The Authority writer
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Captain America writer
2005–2012
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Daredevil writer
2006–2009
(with Greg Rucka in 2008)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Uncanny X-Men writer
2006–2008
(with Matt Fraction in 2008)
Succeeded by
Preceded by
n/a
Secret Avengers writer
2010–2011
Succeeded by