Bodiam

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodiam

Bodiam
Bodiam-castle-10My8-1197.jpg
Bodiam Castle
Bodiam is located in East Sussex
Bodiam
Bodiam
Location within East Sussex
Area6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)  [1]
Population393 (Parish-2011) [2]
•  Density156/sq mi (60/km2)
OS grid reference TQ783254
•  London45 miles (72 km) NW
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post townROBERTSBRIDGE
Postcode district TN32
Dialling code01580
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
51°00′N 0°32′E / 51.00°N 0.54°E / 51.00; 0.54
BODIAM Latitude and Longitude:

51°00′N 0°32′E / 51.00°N 0.54°E / 51.00; 0.54

Bodiam ( /ˈbdiəm/)[ citation needed] is a small village and civil parish [3] in the Rother District of East Sussex, England. It lies in the valley of the River Rother, near to the villages of Sandhurst and Ewhurst Green.

The MP of the local UK Parliament constituency is Huw Merriman.

Geography

South of the village of Bodiam and extending to the railway station is the site of a Roman settlement investigated in the 1960s, ref:Sussex Arch Collections,104, 88-102,1966,Lemmon and Hill.The site was located within the former Guinness hop gardens and the excavations were undertaken in between the rows of hops. A comprehensive landscape survey was carried out around 2016. [4]

The village is on the line of the Roman road from Rochester to Westfield near Hastings. This road crossed the River Rother at the same position as the present bridge having approached from close to the parish church. At the Kent Ditch to the north at the County boundary the Roman road can be seen in the bank of the present watercourse outcropping as a solid layer of waste material from iron smelting,(slag). This had been recorded in the 1960s and re-examined by later fieldwork in 2000 by Neil Aldridge of the Kent Archaeological Society as part of a project supported by the Romney Marsh Research Trust. The extent of the road surface was found to be wider than previously thought and extends under the present road bridge. [5]

Although famous for its castle, Bodiam was also in a main hop-growing area in the last century and was famous for growing hops for Guinness. Reginald B. Levett of Court Lodge Farm sold part of his land to Guinness to grow hops. A railway was built to provide transport for the hoppers, the Kent and East Sussex Railway (K&ESR), which is a tourist attraction.

There is a 12th-century church, which contains a brass of a knight with the arms of the de Bodeham family, one of the first lords of the manor. Originally it was a port and crossing point from Battle to North Kent. During the medieval period a great moated castle Bodiam Castle, was built which is now a visitor attraction. There is a small range of houses, a pub (The Castle), and a restaurant (The Curlew).

Education

It has two schools: Bodiam Primary School, a state school, and Claremont Senior School, an independent. Bodiam Manor School went bankrupt in 2006; consequently Claremont Senior School took over at the start of September 2011.

Notable people

Bodiam was the birthplace in 1881 of Miss A. E. (Ada Elizabeth) Levett, a leading medieval scholar and vice-principal of St. Hilda's College, Oxford. Levett was one of the first female professors of history in England, [6] having been awarded a chair in history at Westfield College, University of London in 1929.

St Giles church

References

  1. ^ "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2008.
  2. ^ "Civil parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Map of parish boundaries". Homepages.gold.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  4. ^ Barker, Caitlin et al 2016
  5. ^ The Romney Marsh Irregular 18, pp.16-22, 2001, N. Aldridge
  6. ^ "St. Hilda's College, A History of the County of Oxford, Vol. 3, H. E. Salter and Mary D. Lobel, Victoria County History, 1954, British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  • Sussex Archaeological Collections,104,88-102,Lemmon and Hill, 1966,Roman Site at Bodiam.
  • Bodiam as a Landscape of Work,Topographical and Geophysical Survey,Barker,Caitlin,Johson,Sly and Strutt, 2016.

External links