Archibald Paris (Royal Marines officer)

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archibald_Paris_(Royal_Marines_officer)

Sir Archibald Paris
Born(1861-11-09)9 November 1861
Died30 October 1937(1937-10-30) (aged 75)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Marines
Years of service1879 - 1917
Rank Major General
Commands held Royal Naval Division
Battles/wars Second Boer War
First World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)
Croix de guerre (Belgium)
Legion of Honour (France)
Croix de guerre (France)
RelationsBrigadier Archibald Paris (son)

Major-General Sir Archibald Paris, KCB (9 November 1861 – 30 October 1937) was a Royal Marine officer who commanded the Royal Naval Division in the First World War. His son, Brigadier Archibald Paris, served in the Second World War in Malaya.

Military career

Paris was commissioned a lieutenant in the Royal Marine Artillery on 1 September 1879, promoted to captain on 7 May 1890, and to major on 18 August 1898. [1] He served as an artillery officer to the Rhodesian Field Force in South Africa during the Second Boer War, [2] and received a brevet promotion to lieutenant colonel in the South African Honours list published on 26 June 1902. [3] Following the end of the war, in late May 1902, he continued on special service in South Africa, but he returned to the United Kingdom on the SS Syria two months later, arriving in Southampton in early September 1902. [4]

Paris commanded the Naval Division from its concentration in Antwerp and he was seen to have preserved the particular identity and character of the Division while it fought alongside the Army. He was promoted from colonel second commandant to major general, in recognition of his services in the field, on 16 October 1915. [5] He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in the 1916 New Year Honours. While in Belgium on 20 June 1917, he was wounded in the shoulder, the back and he lost his left leg and consequently had to relinquish his command. He retired from the military on account of his wounds in July 1917. [6]

For his war service, Paris was made a Commander of the Belgian Order of Leopold (with Swords), awarded the Belgian Croix de guerre and the French Croix de Guerre. [7]

Paris died on 30 October 1937. He had a son, Archibald Paris, who served in the British Army, briefly commanding the Indian 11th Division during the Battle of Malaya.

References

  1. ^ Hart´s army list, 1903
  2. ^ "The War - The Rhodesian Field Force". The Times (36091). London. 16 March 1900. p. 6.
  3. ^ "No. 27448". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 June 1902. pp. 4191–4194.
  4. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36852). London. 21 August 1902. p. 5.
  5. ^ "No. 29759". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 September 1916. p. 9212.
  6. ^ "No. 30199". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 July 1917. p. 7485.
  7. ^ Smith, Gordon (29 December 2010). "FOREIGN DECORATIONS AWARDED TO ROYAL NAVY, London Gazette editions January 1918 – December 1920". Naval-History.Net. Archived from the original on 2 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.