Amanitaceae

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanitaceae

Amanitaceae
Amanita muscaria UK.JPG
Amanita muscaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae
E.-J. Gilbert (1940)
Type genus
Amanita
Pers. (1794)
Genera

Amanita
Amarrendia
Catatrama
Limacella
Limacellopsis
Saproamanita
Torrendia
Zhuliangomyces

The Amanitaceae is a family of mushroom-forming fungi. Amanita Pers. is one of the most specious and best-known fungal genera. [1] The family, also commonly called the amanita family, is in order Agaricales, the gilled mushrooms. The family consists primarily of the large genus Amanita, but also includes the smaller genera Amarrendia, Catatrama, Limacella, Limacellopsis, Saproamanita, Torrendia and Zhuliangomyces. Both Amarrendia and Torrendia are considered to be synonymous with Amanita but appear quite different because they are secotioid.

The species are usually found in woodlands. The most characteristic emerge from an egg-like structure formed by the universal veil.

This family contains several species valued for edibility and flavor, and other deadly poisonous ones. More than half the cases of mushroom poisoning stem from members of this family. The most toxic members of this group have names that warn of the poisonous nature, but others, of varying degrees of toxicity, do not.

Some notable species

See also

References

  1. ^ Zhang, Ping; Tang, Li-Ping; Cai, Qing; Xu, Jian-Ping (2015-04-03). "A review on the diversity, phylogeography and population genetics of Amanita mushrooms". Mycology. 6 (2): 86–93. doi: 10.1080/21501203.2015.1042536. ISSN  2150-1203. PMC  6106075. PMID  30151317.

External links