Agwa Alemu

From Wikipedia

Agwa Alemo (died July 11, 1992) was an Ethiopian politician. He belonged to the Anuak ethnic group, and became the first president of the Gambela region. [1] [2]

Agwa was a member of the Marxist Waz League in the 1970s. He was sent to Cuba for political education. Upon returning to Ethiopia he was appointed administrator for the Jikaw District. When the Waz League and the Derg military junta sent in separate directions, Agwa was jailed for a short period. [3]

After being released from jail Agwa began working for the UNHCR. He would also return to his position as Jikaw District administrator. [3] Later, he became the chairman of the Gambela People's Liberation Movement (GPLM). [1] [3]

In 1991 Agwa became the first president of the Gambela region. [1] [2] [4] He was one of two GPLM delegates to the Council of Representatives during the transitional period. [5]

On July 11, 1992, a group of fighters from Agwa's own GPLM visited Agwa in his residence in Gambela. The soldiers presented demands regarding food distribution provisions. In the end, the GPLM soldiers killed Agwa. [1] [2] [4] [5] [6]


  1. ^ a b c d International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Katsuyoshi Fukui, Eisei Kurimoto, and Masayoshi Shigeta. Ethiopia in broader perspective: papers of the XIIIth International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Kyoto, 12-17 December 1997. Kyoto, Japan: Shokado Book Sellers, 1997. p. 810
  2. ^ a b c Grawert, Elke. After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan. Oxford [u.a.]: James Currey, 2010. p. 224
  3. ^ a b c Feyissa, Dereje. Playing Different Games: The Paradox of Anywaa and Nuer Identification Strategies in the Gambella Region, Ethiopia. New York: Berghahn Books, 2011. p. 140
  4. ^ a b Human Rights Watch. Targeting the Anuak: human rights violations and crimes against humanity in Ethiopia's Gambella Region. London: Human Rights Watch, 2005. p. 10
  5. ^ a b Akol, Lam. SPLM/SPLA: The Nasir Declaration. New York: iUniverse, Inc, 2003. pp. 101-102
  6. ^ Allen, Tim. In Search of Cool Ground: War, Flight & Homecoming in Northeast Africa. Trenton, NJ [u.a.]: Africa World Press, 1996. p. 198