Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland) Article

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Zion Lutheran Church
ZionLexingtonsnow.JPG
Zion Lutheran Church in 2009
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland) is located in Baltimore
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland)
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland) is located in Maryland
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland)
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland) is located in the US
Zion Lutheran Church (Baltimore, Maryland)
Location400 East Lexington Street,(original bldg. facing North Gay Street), City Hall/War Memorial Plaza, Baltimore, Maryland, 21202
Coordinates 39°17′29″N 76°36′37″W / 39.29139°N 76.61028°W / 39.29139; -76.61028
ZION LUTHERAN CHURCH (BALTIMORE MARYLAND) Latitude and Longitude:

39°17′29″N 76°36′37″W / 39.29139°N 76.61028°W / 39.29139; -76.61028
Built1807-08 (original church, 1912-13 (western addition - "Aldersaal" [Parish House], Bell Tower, Parsonage, Gardens)
ArchitectStrobel, Johann and Saumening, Henry
Architectural styleGeorgian/Federal era - original church North German Hanseatic - western addition
NRHP reference # 11000960 [1]
Added to NRHPDecember 30, 2011

Zion Lutheran Church, also known as the Zion Church of the City of Baltimore (formerly known as the German Lutheran Reformed Church), is a historic Evangelical Lutheran church located in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, United States, founded 1755.

History

The congregation was founded in 1755 in order to serve the needs of Lutheran immigrants from Germany, as well as Germans from Pennsylvania who moved to Baltimore. It has a bilingual congregation that provides sermons in both German and English. In 1762 the congregation built its first church on Fish Street (later East Fayette Street). By 1773, a new church constitution had replaced the church's earlier core document, [2] and eventually, the 1672 structure was also replaced by a bigger building, the current Zion Church on North Gay Street, erected from 1807 to 1808 in a Gothic style. [3] An additional expansion of the church to the west along East Lexington Street to North Holliday Street composed of an "Adlersaal" (Parish House), bell tower, parsonage and an enclosed garden designed of Hanseatic North German architecture was constructed under Rev. Julius K. Hoffman in 1912-1913. In the late 1920s, the entire block south of the church was razed to form a monumental square (known as War Memorial Plaza or, less frequently, as "City Hall Plaza") opposite the Baltimore City Hall of 1875 on the western side and construction at the eastern end of the War Memorial Building with an auditorium, historical exhibit area and veterans organizations offices. On the south side of the church buildings facing the plaza, a new headquarters for the Baltimore City Fire Department was constructed in a Georgian-Federal style complementing the original Zion Church around the corner.

German-language sermons have been provided for over 250 years at Zion Church, the only church left in Maryland still holding weekly German-language services. The church participates in the annual Maryland German Festival and is a member of the German-American Citizens Association of Maryland.

Zion Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2011. [4]

People

The composer George Frederick Boyle was married at the church.

A piece of the Berlin Wall at Zion Church, Baltimore, MD. The inscription reads: "This piece of the Berlin Wall stood near Lichterfelde until broken by the sledgehammer of Mr. Rick DeLisle on November 11, 1989, at 6:50 am. Donated by WMIX 106.5 FM Baltimore and dedicated to those who crossed and those who gave their lives in the attempt.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/27/11 through 12/30/11. National Park Service. 2012-01-06.
  2. ^ Hofmann, Julius (October 15, 1905). A History of Zion Church of the City of Baltimore, 1755-1897. Baltimore: C.W. Schneidereith & Sons. p. 20. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  3. ^ Susan Detherage (August 2010). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Zion Lutheran Church" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  4. ^ "Zion Lutheran Church". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-08.

External links