YumanâCochimĂ languages Information
|Colorado River basin and Baja California|
Pre-contact distribution of YumanâCochimĂ languages
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The YumanâCochimĂ languages are a family of languages spoken in Baja California, northern Sonora, southern California, and western Arizona. CochimĂ is no longer spoken as of the late 18th century, and most other Yuman languages are threatened.
There are approximately a dozen Yuman languages. The extinct CochimĂ, attested from the 18th century, was identified after the rest of the family had been established, and was found to be more divergent. The resulting family was therefore called YumanâCochimĂ, with Yuman being the extra-CochimĂ languages.
- CochimĂ â (Northern CochimĂ and Southern CochimĂ may have been distinct languages)
- DeltaâCalifornia Yuman
- River Yuman
CochimĂ is now extinct. CucapĂĄ is the Spanish name for the Cocopa. DiegueĂ±o is the Spanish name for IpaiâKumeyaayâTipai, now often referred to collectively as Kumeyaay. Upland Yuman consists of several mutually intelligible dialects spoken by the politically distinct Yavapai, Hualapai, and Havasupai.
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