Wind power in Illinois Article

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Mendota Hills Wind Farm in northern Illinois

Wind power in Illinois provided 6.2% of the state's generated electrical power in 2017 and 8.3% of elecrical power sales. [1] At the end of 2017, Illinois had 4,464 megawatts (MW) of wind power installed, ranking sixth among states for installed wind turbine capacity. [2]

The vast majority of wind-generated electricity in Illinois is distributed via Midcontinent Independent System Operator, which services Illinois outside of northern Illinois--as opposed to PJM Interconnection, which distributes electricity in the Chicago metropolitan area. [3]

Overview

Wind power has been supported by a [renewable portfolio standard], passed in 2007, and strengthened in 2009, which requires 10% renewable energy from electric companies by 2010 and 25% by 2025. [4] For 2013, in-state renewable generation was just 5.1% of Illinois' total generation. [5] Additional renewably generated electricity is imported from other states. [6] Illinois uses a large amount of electricity, and the state's mandate was enacted when only a very small percentage of its electricity was renewably generated.

Illinois has the potential for installing up to an estimated 249,882 MW of wind generation capacity at a hub height of 80 meters operating at 30% gross capacity factor. [7] [8]That amount is lower with higher capacity factors and is higher with 100 meter hub heights. [8]

The first wind farm in Illinois opened in 2003 and by 2009, it had over 1800 MW installed statewide with thousands of MW more in the planning stages. [9] The largest wind farm in the state is the 300 MW Cayuga Ridge installation, while another seven windfarms each exceeded 100 MW capacity. [3] The Twin Groves Wind Farm was the largest wind farm east of the Mississippi when completed but has since been surpassed. [10] [11] Some smaller installations include a 0.66 MW turbine at the Bureau Valley School District and a 2.5 MW turbine at the Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, formerly part of the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, now part of the University of Illinois. [3] A proposed high voltage DC transmission line would transmit wind generated electrical power to the Chicago area from northwest Iowa. [12]

Power from some wind farms in Illinois is sold to the Tennessee Valley Authority. A 2010 agreement with Iberdrola Renewables provides a potential 300MW future supply from the Streator Cayuga Ridge Wind Farm in Livingston County. [13]

Wind farms

Illinois has among the highest densities of wind power
Farm Installed capacity (MW) County [14]
Mendota Hills 51.66 Lee
Shady Oaks [15] 109.5 Lee
Bishop Hill 200 Henry
Minonk 200 Woodford/Livingston
Crescent Ridge 54.45 Bureau
GSG 80 Lee/LaSalle
AgriWind 8.4 Bureau
Camp Grove 150 Marshall/Stark
California Ridge [16] 217.1 Vermilion/Champaign
Twin Groves 396 McLean
Grand Ridge 210 LaSalle
Providence Heights 72 Bureau
EcoGrove 100.5 Stephenson
Rail Splitter 100.5 Logan/Tazewell
Lee-DeKalb 217.5 Lee/DeKalb
Cayuga Ridge 300 Livingston
Top Crop 300 LaSalle
White Oak 150 McLean
Big Sky 239.4 Bureau/Lee
Kelly Creek [17] 184 Kankakee/Ford
Pioneer Trail 150 Iroquois/Ford
Settlers Trail 150 Iroquois

Wind generation

Illinois Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total % of Production
2012 880 613 869 782 641 565 320 277 443 771 608 958 7,727 3.91%
2013 1,185 880 999 1,077 766 594 413 323 511 739 1,209 929 9,625 4.73%
2014 1,313 849 1,069 1,097 873 621 498 351 458 842 1,285 829 10,085 4.98%
2015 1,004 936 1,000 1,073 890 518 400 444 628 1,167 1,372 1,316 10,748 5.53%
2016 1,268 1,144 1,096 1,026 855 593 402 333 693 960 1,071 1,186 10,627 5.68%
2017 918 1,071 1,184 1,181 984 910 608 481 603 1,125 1,107 1,125 11,297 6.21%
2018 1,492 1,242 1,311 1,184 932 857 690 726 8,434 6.6%

Source: [18] [19]

Illinois Wind Generation in 2016
Net Generation for Wind, Monthly [20]
Illinois Wind Generation in 2017
Net Generation for Wind, Monthly [21]
Illinois Wind Generation Capacity by Year [22]
Megawatts of Installed Generating Capacity [23]

See also

References

  1. ^ 2017 Wind Technologies Market Report (Report). U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. p. 24. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Illinois Wind Energy" (PDF). U.S. Wind Energy State Facts. American Wind Energy Association. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Illinois Archived 2010-01-05 at the Wayback Machine., American Wind Energy Association (AWEA)
  4. ^ "Illinois Incentives/Policies for Renewables & Efficiency". Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency. U.S. Dept. of Energy. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
  5. ^ "Electric Power Monthly, February 2014". U.S. Energy Information Administration. Missing or empty |url= ( help); |access-date= requires |url= ( help)
  6. ^ "Fix for Illinois renewable energy law faces utility opposition". midwestenergynews.com. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  7. ^ "WIND ENERGY FACTS: ILLINOIS" (PDF). American Wind Energy Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
  8. ^ a b "WindExchange:Illinois 80-meter wind map and wind resource potential". U.S. Department of Energy, EERE. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  9. ^ About Wind Power in Illinois Archived 2010-06-07 at the Wayback Machine., Illinois Wind Energy Association
  10. ^ AWEA treats Twin Groves as four installations. Together they exceed the capacity of Cayuga Ridge.
  11. ^ Lookout puts wind farm in perspective Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine., Steve Stein, Peoria Journal Star, June 14, 2008
  12. ^ "Rock Island Clean Line files application with FERC" (PDF). Clean Line Energy Partners. 8 November 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  13. ^ "TVA: Energy Purchases from Wind Farms". tva.com. Archived from the original on 2015-07-31.
  14. ^ "Illinois Wind Power Maps". windforillinois.org. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  15. ^ Shady Oaks profile Archived 2014-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "Our Projects - Invenergy". www.invenergyllc.com. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  17. ^ Kelly Creek Wind Park Commissioned Archived 2016-12-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ EIA (May 21, 2013). "Electric Power Monthly". United States Department of Energy. Archived from the original on June 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  19. ^ "Electricity Data Browser". www.eia.gov. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Electricity Data Browser". www.eia.gov. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Electricity Data Browser". www.eia.gov. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Installed Wind Capacity". U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on 2014-03-14. Retrieved 2015-03-19.
  23. ^ "AWEA 4th quarter 2011 Public Market Report" (PDF). American Wind Energy Association(AWEA). January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.

External links