Wilbur Cross Parkway Article

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Connecticut Highway 15.svg

Wilbur Cross Parkway
Map of New Haven County in southern Connecticut with Wilbur Cross Parkway highlighted in red
Route information
Length29.62 mi (47.67 km)
Existed1941–present
Component
highways
Route 15 from Milford to Meriden
RestrictionsNo commercial vehicles, trailers, towed vehicles, buses, or hearses [1]
Major junctions
South end Route 15 / Merritt Parkway in Stratford
North end US 5 / Route 15 ( Berlin Turnpike) in Meriden
Location
Counties New Haven
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut

The Wilbur Cross Parkway is a limited access road in Connecticut, comprising the portion of Route 15 between Milford and Meriden. It is named after Wilbur Lucius Cross, a former governor of the state (1931–1939). Being classified as a parkway, commercial vehicles, trailers, towed vehicles except as provided in Section 14-298-240, [2] buses, hearses in a procession or cortege, and large vehicles are prohibited from using the road. [1] The Wilbur Cross Parkway had two toll barriers until 1988; these were located in Milford and Wallingford.

Route description

Traveling north toward Exit 59 and the West Rock Tunnel, dubbed "Heroes Tunnel" by the Connecticut legislature in 2003
The tunnel is the only route through a natural obstacle in Connecticut

The four-lane Wilbur Cross Parkway begins as a direct continuation of the Merritt Parkway at the Sikorsky Bridge over the Housatonic River at the town line between Milford and Stratford. Immediately after is the exit for the Milford Parkway, which connects to the Connecticut Turnpike ( I-95) and the Boston Post Road ( US 1). The Wilbur Cross Parkway runs east northeast through the towns of Milford, Orange, Woodbridge, and New Haven. At the town line between New Haven and Hamden, the parkway passes through the West Rock Tunnel, which was renamed "Heroes Tunnel" in 2003 by the State of Connecticut to honor first responders. The only road tunnel through a natural obstacle in Connecticut, it is lighted solely using low pressure sodium vapor lamps, rare in the United States. The parkway proceeds north through the towns of Hamden, North Haven, Wallingford, and Meriden. After connecting with I-91 in Meriden, the parkway ends, merging onto North Broad Street ( US 5). North of Meriden, Routes 5 and 15 continue as the Berlin Turnpike.

Reflecting its history as a toll road, two pairs of service plazas lie opposite one-another along the parkway in Orange and North Haven. All were renovated since 2011, along with six further south on the Merritt Parkway. In addition to gas pumps and an Alltown convenience store at each plaza, they now include Dunkin' Donuts and Subway shops. [3] Prior to the renovations, no fast-food service had been available at any of the plazas. Three abandoned rest areas remain along the Parkway, in Woodbridge, New Haven, and Meriden.

History

The Wilbur Cross Parkway was originally planned in 1937 as route from US 1 in Milford to the Massachusetts state line in Union. The portion of the parkway south of Meriden was built largely as planned. Construction began in 1939 when federal funds were secured. The first section of the parkway to open was the Milford to Orange segment, from the Housatonic River (Exit 54) to Route 34 (Exit 57-58) at the end of 1941. Subsequent construction was delayed by World War II. After the war, two more sections of the parkway opened: the segment from US 5 in Wallingford (Exit 66) to US 5 in Meriden (Exit 68), bypassing the city center opened in 1946; and the segment from Route 10A in Hamden (Exit 61) to US 5 in Wallingford opened in 1947.

In 1948, the parkway was designated as part of a new Route 15, connecting New York to Massachusetts. Because the New Haven segment had not yet been completed, motorists were directed to temporarily follow Route 34, US 5, and Route 10A. In November 1949, the New Haven segment, from Exit 57-58 to Exit 61, including the West Rock Tunnel opened. The entire parkway was a toll road when it opened in 1941. Tolls were removed from both the Merritt and Wilbur Cross Parkways in 1988.

Exit list

The entire route is in New Haven County.

LocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
Milford0.000.00 Route 15 south / Merritt Parkway southContinuation into Fairfield County
Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge over the Housatonic River
0.520.8454 To I-95 / US 1 – Milford, New LondonAccess via Milford Parkway
1.101.7755AWheelers Farms RoadSigned as exit 55 southbound
1.221.9655BWolf Harbor RoadNorthbound exit only
Orange4.226.7956 Route 121 – Orange
5.568.9557-58 Route 34 – New Haven, DerbySigned as exits 57 (east) and 58 (west)
New Haven9.24–
9.48
14.87–
15.26
59 Route 63 / Route 69 – Woodbridge, New Haven
9.87–
10.10
15.88–
16.25
Heroes Tunnel (formerly West Rock Tunnel)
Hamden12.9420.8260 Route 10 – Hamden, New Haven
14.3123.0361Whitney Avenue – Hamden, New HavenSigned as exits 61 (south) and 62 (north) southbound
14.7223.6962Dixwell Avenue – Hamden, North HavenNorthbound exit and entrance
North Haven16.0625.8563 Route 22 – North Haven
Wallingford21.1133.9764 WallingfordAccess via South Turnpike Road / Quinnipiac Street
21.3934.4265 Route 150 – Yalesville
23.8138.3266 US 5 – Wallingford, Meriden
Meriden27.8744.85 ConnDOT Maintenance FacilityAlso serves Miller Avenue
26.8643.2367S I-91 south – New Haven, New York CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance; exit 17 on I-91
27.0543.5367WEast Main StreetSigned as exit 67 northbound
27.5644.3568N-E I-91 north to Route 66 east – Hartford, MiddletownNorthbound exit and southbound entrance, signed as exits 68N (I-91) and 68E (Route 66)
27.9945.0568W I-691 west – Meriden, WaterburyNo southbound exit; exits 9-10 on I-691
29.6247.67 Route 15 north / US 5 north ( Berlin Turnpike)South end of US 5 concurrency; continues north to Hartford
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles: Registering a Pick-up Truck with Passenger Plates
  2. ^ Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies
  3. ^ "Rest Areas and Information Centers on Connecticut Highways". Connecticut Department of Transportation. Retrieved September 15, 2016.

External links

KML is from Wikidata