West Baden Springs, Indiana
Location of West Baden Springs in Orange County, Indiana.
WEST BADEN SPRINGS INDIANA Latitude and Longitude:
|• Total||1.10 sq mi (2.84 km2)|
|• Land||1.09 sq mi (2.82 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||479 ft (146 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||509.64/sq mi (196.82/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 ( Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||812, 930|
|FIPS code||18-82376 |
|GNIS feature ID||451617|
West Baden Springs is a town in French Lick Township, Orange County, in the U.S. state of Indiana.  The population was 574 at the 2010 census. It is famous for its vast majority of hotels and resorts.
West Baden Springs is located in the vicinity of several mineral springs.  The town was founded in the 1850s, and named after the spa towns of Wiesbaden or Baden-Baden, in Germany.  A post office has been in operation at West Baden Springs since 1861. 
West Baden Springs is located at (38.567018, −86.611601).
According to the 2010 census, West Baden Springs has a total area of 1.098 square miles (2.84 km2), of which 1.09 square miles (2.82 km2) (or 99.27%) is land and 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2) (or 0.73%) is water. 
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census  of 2010, there were 574 people, 251 households, and 149 families residing in the town. The population density was 526.6 inhabitants per square mile (203.3/km2). There were 303 housing units at an average density of 278.0 per square mile (107.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.4% White, 3.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 251 households of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.6% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the town was 40.4 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.2% male and 49.8% female.
As of the census  of 2000, there were 618 people, 263 households, and 175 families residing in the town. The population density was 577.8 people per square mile (223.0/km²). There were 292 housing units at an average density of 273.0 per square mile (105.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.50% White, 2.10% African American, 0.81% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 1.13% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.07% of the population.
There were 263 households out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the town, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,750, and the median income for a family was $40,357. Males had a median income of $29,444 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,532. About 10.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.
The historic, 243-room luxury hotel is part of the French Lick Resort Casino complex that also includes the French Lick Springs Hotel and its adjacent casino.  A gala event on June 23, 2007, celebrated the reopening of the restored West Baden Springs Hotel.  (The renovated French Lick Springs hotel and new casino opened on November 3, 2006. )
Built in 1902, the West Baden Springs Hotel became known for the 200-foot (61 m) dome covering its atrium.   Prior to the completion of the Assembly Hall at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1963, the building had the largest free-spanning dome in the United States and was the largest in the world from 1902-1913.[ citation needed] The hotel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, and became a National Historic Landmark in 1987.  It is also designated as a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. 
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- Baker, Ronald L. (October 1995).
From Needmore to Prosperity: Hoosier Place Names in Folklore and History. Indiana University Press. p. 342.
...naming it West Baden for the famous spa in Germany.
- "Orange County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
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- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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- Hammel, Bob. The Bill Cook Story: Ready, Fire, Aim!. p. 369.
- "Hotel History". French Lick Resort. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
- O'Malley, John W. (December 1958). "The Story of the West Baden Springs Hotel". Indiana Magazine of History. Bloomington: Indiana University. 54 (4): 370–72. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
- Rhodes, A. J. (1904). The Pedigree of West Baden (PDF). French Lick and West Baden, History and Story, From 1810 to 1904. pp. 8–9.
- Charleton, James H. (June 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: West Baden Springs Hotel". National Park Service.
- "West Baden Springs Hotel". American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
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