Wayne County, Nebraska Article

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Wayne County, Nebraska
Wayne County Courthouse (Nebraska) from SE 1.JPG
Map of Nebraska highlighting Wayne County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded1870
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Wayne
Largest cityWayne
Area
 • Total443 sq mi (1,147 km2)
 • Land443 sq mi (1,147 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.09%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)9,318
 • Density21.0/sq mi (8.1/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.waynecountyne.org

Wayne County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,595. [1] Its county seat is Wayne. [2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Wayne County is represented by the prefix 27 (it had the 27th-largest number of vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History

Wayne County was organized by a proclamation of Governor David Butler in the fall of 1870. As the county was settled, precincts were formed and boundaries defined. Precincts were named for officials, early settlers, and neighborhood creeks. There are 13 precincts in Wayne County.

Wayne County, like the City of Wayne, was named for Revolutionary War General Anthony Wayne. [3]

Geography

The terrain of Wayne County consists of low rolling hills; mostly devoted to agriculture. The ground slopes to the east-northeast. A small drainage, South Logan Creek, flows east-northeastward through the central part of the county and exits flowing northeastward. [4]

The county has a total area of 443 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 443 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.09%) is water. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

  • Sioux Strip State Wildlife Management Area [6]


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870182
1880813346.7%
18906,189661.3%
19009,86259.3%
191010,3975.4%
19209,725−6.5%
193010,5668.6%
19409,880−6.5%
195010,1292.5%
19609,959−1.7%
197010,4004.4%
19809,858−5.2%
19909,364−5.0%
20009,8515.2%
20109,595−2.6%
Est. 20179,318 [7]−2.9%
US Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2000 United States Census [12] there were 9,851 people, 3,437 households, and 2,206 families in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 3,662 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.78% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 57.5% were of German, 6.0% Irish and 5.9% Swedish ancestry.

There were 3,437 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.

The county population contains 21.60% under the age of 18, 25.40% from 18 to 24, 21.20% from 25 to 44, 18.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,366, and the median income for a family was $43,840. Males had a median income of $27,848 versus $20,376 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,644. About 7.40% of families and 14.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.60% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Several towns in Wayne County's early history no longer exist. LaPorte had nearly 300 citizens at one time and was home to a temporary courthouse until the railroad chose a different route. Towns such as Taffe, Logan City, Apex, Melvin, Weber and Spring Branch no longer exist.

Precincts

There are 13 precincts in Wayne County. They were named for officials, early settlers or neighborhood creeks. [13]

  • Brenna - named for the sister of F.E. Moses, the first settler in the precinct.
  • Chapin - named for early settler Arthur T. Chapin.
  • Deer Creek - named for the deer horns found on the prairies in early days.
  • Garfield - named for US President James A. Garfield.
  • Hancock - named for Civil War Brigadier General Winfield Scott Hancock.
  • Hoskins - first named Spring Branch; later named for Mr. Hoskins who was secretary for Mr. Peavy, a member of the land company that laid out the village of Hoskins.
  • Hunter - named for early settler Cyrus E. Hunter, from Lee County IL.
  • Logan - probably named for John A. Logan, the vice presidential candidate with presidential candidate James G. Blaine.
  • Leslie - either named for a pinoeer-days judge, or for a post office.
  • Plum Creek - named for wild plums seen along the creek in early days.
  • Sherman - named for Civil War General.
  • Strahan - named for J.M. Strahan, an early settler.
  • Wilbur - named for Russell H. Wilbur, a pioneer in the precinct.

Politics

Wayne County voters have been strongly Republican for many decades, voting for the Republican candidate in every presidential election except for three from 1900 onward. In addition, no Democratic presidential candidate has won the county since 1936.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.3% 2,693 22.1% 835 6.6% 248
2012 67.7% 2,493 29.2% 1,074 3.1% 115
2008 65.7% 2,503 32.8% 1,249 1.5% 56
2004 72.7% 2,971 25.9% 1,059 1.4% 55
2000 70.4% 2,774 25.4% 1,001 4.2% 165
1996 58.5% 2,150 28.5% 1,048 13.0% 478
1992 51.7% 2,122 22.5% 921 25.8% 1,059
1988 68.4% 2,473 30.7% 1,111 0.8% 30
1984 78.1% 3,075 21.2% 833 0.7% 28
1980 72.5% 2,844 18.7% 733 8.8% 344
1976 68.0% 2,521 29.4% 1,089 2.6% 98
1972 74.7% 2,659 25.3% 902
1968 72.5% 2,582 22.1% 786 5.4% 192
1964 59.1% 2,359 40.9% 1,630
1960 76.2% 3,274 23.8% 1,025
1956 72.7% 3,040 27.3% 1,143
1952 79.4% 3,338 20.6% 866
1948 66.7% 2,323 33.3% 1,158
1944 73.9% 2,886 26.1% 1,021
1940 69.7% 3,209 30.3% 1,395
1936 47.3% 2,149 51.1% 2,322 1.7% 76
1932 35.0% 1,455 62.8% 2,608 2.2% 91
1928 64.9% 2,354 34.0% 1,235 1.1% 39
1924 52.5% 1,840 22.1% 775 25.4% 890
1920 74.5% 2,312 21.9% 681 3.6% 112
1916 53.3% 1,208 44.4% 1,006 2.4% 54
1912 27.8% 600 37.4% 808 34.8% 750
1908 54.4% 1,297 44.2% 1,055 1.4% 33
1904 68.3% 1,453 25.8% 549 6.0% 127
1900 56.2% 1,246 42.9% 951 1.0% 21

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Co. (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 165.
  4. ^ Wayne County NE Google Maps (accessed 24 January 2019)
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  6. ^ Sioux Strip State Wildlife Management Area, Randolph NE Google Maps (accessed 24 January 2019)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  13. ^ "Wayne County Precincts". County of Wayne NE. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
  14. ^ Election Results


WAYNE COUNTY NEBRASKA Latitude and Longitude:

42°13′N 97°07′W / 42.21°N 97.12°W / 42.21; -97.12