Wayne County, Illinois Article

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Wayne County, Illinois
Wayne County Courthouse in Fairfield.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Wayne County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1819
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Fairfield
Largest cityFairfield
Area
 • Total715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Land714 sq mi (1,849 km2)
 • Water1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • ( 2010)16,760
 • Density23/sq mi (9/km2)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,760. [1] Its county seat is Fairfield. [2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as " Little Egypt".

History

Wayne County was formed in 1819 out of Edwards County. It is named after Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne, an officer in the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.2%) is water. [3]

Climate and weather

Fairfield, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.8
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.7
 
 
43
24
 
 
4.6
 
 
54
33
 
 
4.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
 
85
61
 
 
3.8
 
 
88
65
 
 
3.4
 
 
87
63
 
 
2.9
 
 
80
55
 
 
3.3
 
 
68
44
 
 
4.3
 
 
53
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Fairfield have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.70 inches (69 mm) in February to 4.80 inches (122 mm) in April. [4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,114
18302,553129.2%
18405,133101.1%
18506,82533.0%
186012,22379.1%
187019,75861.6%
188021,2917.8%
189023,80611.8%
190027,62616.0%
191025,697−7.0%
192022,772−11.4%
193019,130−16.0%
194022,09215.5%
195020,933−5.2%
196019,008−9.2%
197017,004−10.5%
198018,0596.2%
199017,241−4.5%
200017,151−0.5%
201016,760−2.3%
Est. 201716,495 [5]−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,760 people, 7,102 households, and 4,853 families residing in the county. [10] The population density was 23.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.1/km2). There were 7,975 housing units at an average density of 11.2 per square mile (4.3/km2). [3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. [10] In terms of ancestry, 17.0% were German, 14.1% were English, 12.7% were American, and 9.8% were Irish. [11]

Of the 7,102 households, 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 42.9 years. [10]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,207 and the median income for a family was $47,879. Males had a median income of $34,800 versus $27,192 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,493. About 9.9% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. [12]

Communities

City

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Wayne County is divided into these 20 townships:

Program 1033 Acquisitions

According to Department of Defense data, Wayne County has received six 5.56MM rifles and three "Utility Trucks" with a total acquisition cost of $120,705. [13]

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 83.9% 6,967 12.6% 1,048 3.4% 286
2012 77.8% 5,988 19.7% 1,514 2.5% 195
2008 66.8% 5,390 31.6% 2,547 1.7% 134
2004 73.6% 6,102 25.8% 2,139 0.6% 46
2000 69.5% 5,347 28.7% 2,209 1.8% 137
1996 49.5% 4,029 37.5% 3,054 13.0% 1,057
1992 42.9% 3,809 37.6% 3,332 19.5% 1,731
1988 63.3% 5,481 36.2% 3,135 0.5% 44
1984 70.4% 6,298 29.3% 2,621 0.4% 32
1980 62.9% 6,013 34.1% 3,258 3.0% 286
1976 54.4% 5,211 44.9% 4,303 0.7% 67
1972 69.8% 6,400 30.1% 2,763 0.1% 12
1968 59.6% 5,532 32.2% 2,993 8.2% 759
1964 47.7% 4,745 52.3% 5,198 0.0% 0
1960 62.7% 6,652 37.3% 3,954 0.1% 9
1956 61.4% 6,286 38.5% 3,942 0.1% 14
1952 62.3% 6,495 37.5% 3,911 0.1% 12
1948 54.7% 4,984 44.7% 4,070 0.7% 60
1944 58.2% 5,683 41.2% 4,019 0.6% 61
1940 53.8% 6,556 45.7% 5,569 0.6% 67
1936 48.8% 5,528 50.8% 5,752 0.4% 50
1932 42.4% 4,097 56.8% 5,488 0.7% 71
1928 62.0% 5,189 37.2% 3,108 0.8% 67
1924 52.7% 4,937 45.3% 4,247 2.0% 184
1920 60.5% 4,908 38.7% 3,137 0.8% 68
1916 51.0% 5,383 46.7% 4,934 2.3% 239
1912 25.2% 1,418 42.3% 2,378 32.6% 1,831
1908 49.6% 2,946 47.0% 2,791 3.4% 203
1904 52.6% 3,078 41.3% 2,416 6.1% 354
1900 49.0% 3,117 48.1% 3,062 2.9% 186
1896 47.8% 2,906 51.0% 3,102 1.2% 71
1892 43.8% 2,350 44.2% 2,372 12.1% 649

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Fairfield, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheUpshot/Military-Surplus-Gear/master/1033-program-foia-may-2014.csv
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-11-13.


WAYNE COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

38°26′N 88°25′W / 38.43°N 88.42°W / 38.43; -88.42