Wakayama Prefecture Article

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Wakayama Prefecture
和歌山県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 •  Japanese和歌山県
 •  RōmajiWakayama-ken
Flag of Wakayama Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Wakayama Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Wakayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Capital Wakayama (city)
Government
 •  Governor Yoshinobu Nisaka
Area
 • Total4,725.67 km2 (1,824.59 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (October 1, 2017)
 • Total944,320
 • Rank 40th
 • Density199.87/km2 (517.7/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-30
Districts6
Municipalities30
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeUbame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)
BirdJapanese white-eye ( Zosterops japonica)
Website www.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/

Wakayama Prefecture (和歌山県, Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan on the Kii Peninsula in the Kansai region on Honshū island. [1] The capital is the city of Wakayama. [2]

History

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii. [3]

1953 flood disaster

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed Japanese Government report, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[ citation needed]

Geography

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village

Cities

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Demographics

Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kinki region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan with a population of 944,320.

Politics

Culture

Mount Kōya (高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage site. [4]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

Agriculture

Orange

Wakayama Prefecture ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years [5], yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today [6]. Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges. [7]

Japanese apricot (Ume)

According to the survey by The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots. [8]

Sister relationships

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with six places outside Japan: [9] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; and Galicia, Spain.

Tourism

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Transportation

Rail

Road

Expressway

  • Hanwa Expressway
  • Keinawa Expressway
  • Yuasa Gobo Road
  • Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway

Ferry

Airport

Education

Universities

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ UNESCO.org
  5. ^ 今月の旬 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  6. ^ 農林水産 特産品 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  7. ^ 有田みかんについて JA Arida website, accessed May 31, 2017
  8. ^ 作況調査(果樹): 農林水産省 The Ministory of Agriculture, Foresty and Fisheries website, accessed June 1, 2017
  9. ^ 友好・姉妹提携 Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. Wakayama Prefecture website, retrieved May 16, 2008

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN  978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links


WAKAYAMA PREFECTURE Latitude and Longitude:

34°3′N 135°21′E / 34.050°N 135.350°E / 34.050; 135.350