|Van Buren County, Iowa|
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 7, 1836|
|Named for||Martin Van Buren|
|• Total||491 sq mi (1,272 km2)|
|• Land||485 sq mi (1,256 km2)|
|• Water||5.7 sq mi (15 km2), 1.2%|
|• ( 2010)||7,570|
|• Density||16/sq mi (6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,570.  The county seat is Keosauqua,  which contains the oldest continuously operational courthouse in the state of Iowa, and second oldest in the United States.
Van Buren County was formed on December 7, 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, and was split off from Des Moines County. It was named for President Martin Van Buren. It became a part of Iowa Territory (later the state of Iowa) when that territory was organized on July 4, 1838. 
"The Honey War" refers to a colorful episode in Van Buren County's history when the State of Missouri and Wisconsin Territory border came into dispute. Missouri attempted to collect taxes from residents north of the disputed Sullivan Line of 1816, which residents said was not rightfully theirs to tax. The sheriff of Van Buren County subsequently arrested and jailed the sheriff from Kahoka, Missouri, and Missourians were charged with "stealing honey from bee trees in what in now Lacey-Keosauqua State Park. Each governor sent troops to resolve the problem but no bloodshed resulted. The matter was turned over to the U.S. Congress for arbitration" (Van Buren County, Iowa, a Pictorial History, p. 46, Villages of Van Buren).
The dispute, however, was not resolved until 1846, when Iowa became a state. Congress ruled "in favor of Iowa, allowing the original Sullivan line of 1816 to remain intact" (Van Buren County, Iowa, a Pictorial History, p. 46, Villages of Van Buren, 2007).
Van Buren County is also home to Iowa's oldest community theater group still in operation, the "Van Buren Players," founded in 1963 (The Van Buren Players, compiled and edited by Mary Ovrum, 1999).
- Jefferson County (north)
- Henry County (northeast)
- Lee County (east)
- Clark County, Missouri (southeast)
- Scotland County, Missouri (southwest)
- Davis County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2013 
As of the census  of 2010, there were 7,570 people, 3,108 households, and 2,058 families residing in the county. The population density was 15.614/sq mi (6.029/km2) people per square mile. There were 3,670 housing units at an average density of 7.570/sq mi (2.923/km2) per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. 1.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,108 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 33.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18 and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males.
As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the county was $31,094, and the median income for a family was $36,420. Males had a median income of $27,379 versus $20,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,748. About 8.70% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 1850 US Census Records.
- Birmingham Township
- Bonaparte Township
- Cedar Township
- Chequest Township
- Des Moines Township
- Farmington Township
- Harrisburg Township
- Jackson Township
- Keosauqua Township
- Lick Creek Township
- Union Township
- Van Buren Township
- Vernon Township
- Village Township
- Washington Township
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "WI: Individual County Chronologies". publications.newberry.org. Retrieved 2016-09-28.
- Van Buren County Archived 2007-10-20 at the Wayback Machine.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
- "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
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