|Upshur County, Texas|
Upshur County Courthouse
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Abel P. Upshur|
|• Total||593 sq mi (1,536 km2)|
|• Land||583 sq mi (1,510 km2)|
|• Water||9.7 sq mi (25 km2), 1.6%|
|• ( 2010)||39,309|
|• Density||67/sq mi (26/km2)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 4th|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Upshur County is a county located in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,309.  The county seat is Gilmer.  The county is named for Abel P. Upshur, who was U.S. Secretary of State during President John Tyler's administration.
Humans have inhabited what is now Upshur county since at least 10,000 years ago. The Caddoan people lived in this area, but were driven out about 1750, probably due to losses from new infectious diseases carried chronically by Europeans.
Later some Cherokee migrated to the area from their territories in the Southeast - Georgia and Alabama. The Cherokee were driven out of here by European-American settlers in 1839, after having been removed from the Southeast. 
Upshur County has the distinction of being the county that has the largest settlement in Texas organized by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1904 the Latter-day Saint South-western States Mission organized a colony at Kelsey, Texas. 
- U.S. Highway 80
- U.S. Highway 259
- U.S. Highway 271
- State Highway 154
- State Highway 155
- State Highway 300
- Camp County (north)
- Morris County (northeast)
- Marion County (east)
- Harrison County (southeast)
- Gregg County (south)
- Smith County (southwest)
- Wood County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010  2010–2014 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 35,291 people, 13,290 households, and 10,033 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 14,930 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.70% White, 10.15% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 3.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,290 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,347, and the median income for a family was $38,857. Males had a median income of $31,216 versus $20,528 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,358. 14.90% of the population and 12.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 18.60% of those under the age of 18 and 14.00% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
Upshur County, along with Marion County, is part of the 115th Judicial District of Texas. The presiding judge of the 115th Judicial District is Judge Dean Fowler.
Per the Texas Constitution of 1876, the chief administrative body of Upshur County is the five-member Upshur County Commissioners Court. The County Judge is elected separately. The county road maintenance is administrated by the County Road Administrator. This system was adopted in Upshur County in November 2002 and reaffirmed by two subsequent elections. The commissioners court oversees all of the Upshur County government's operations.
Upshur County Judge Todd Tefteller began his first term on January 1, 2019. He presides over the Upshur County Criminal, Probate, Civil, and Commissioners Court. Commissioner Paula Gentry is in her second term and has served Precinct One since January 1, 2013. Commissioner Dustin Nicholson began his first term as Commissioner of Precinct Two on January 1, 2019. Commissioner Frank Berka is in his second term and has served Precinct Three since January 1, 2013. Commissioner Jay Miller began his first term as Commissioner of Precinct Four on January 1, 2019.
The following school districts serve Upshur County:
- Big Sandy ISD (partly in Wood County)
- Gilmer ISD (small portion in Camp County)
- Gladewater ISD (mostly in Gregg County, partly in Smith County)
- Harmony ISD (partly in Wood County)
- New Diana ISD (small portion in Harrison County)
- Ore City ISD (small portion in Harrison, Marion counties)
- Pittsburg ISD (mostly in Camp County, small portion in Wood County)
- Union Grove ISD
- Union Hill ISD (mostly in Upshur County, partly in Wood County)
- Indian Rock
- Little Mound
- Mings Chapel
- Sand Hill
- Shady Grove
- West Mountain
- Lake Providence
- Red Rock
- Sand Hill
- Center Point
- Pleasant Hill
- Snow Hill
- Valley View
- Zion Hill
- Cross Roads
- Union Hill
- The singer-songwriter Michelle Shocked, who grew up in Gilmer, refers to Upshur County in several of her songs.
- Author Edward Hancock II sets many of his stories in and around Upshur County, Texas.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Upshur County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Upshur County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- UPSHUR COUNTY | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)
- Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 129
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-31.