Upper Kuskokwim language Article

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Upper Kuskokwim
Native toUnited States
Region Alaska (middle Yukon River, Koyukuk River)
Ethnicity160 Upper Kuskokwim (2007) [1]
Native speakers
40 (2007) [1]
Latin (Northern Athabaskan alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
  Alaska [2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kuu
Glottolog uppe1438 [3]

The Upper Kuskokwim language (also called Kolchan or Goltsan or Dinak'i) is an Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené language family. It is spoken by the Upper Kuskokwim people in the Upper Kuskokwim River villages of Nikolai, Telida, and McGrath, Alaska. About 40 of a total of 160 Upper Kuskokwim people (Dichinanek’ Hwt’ana) still speak the language. A practical orthography of the language was established by Raymond Collins, who in 1964 began linguistic work at Nikolai.


  • Alaska Native Language Center. Retrieved on 2007-03-14.
  • Collins, Raymond and Sally Jo Collins. 2004. Dichinanek' Hwt'ana: A History of the people of the Upper Kuskokwim who live in Nikolai and Telida, Alaska. (Online: Alaska Native Language Archive item UK964C2004)


  1. ^ a b Upper Kuskokwim at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/04/21/305688602/alaska-oks-bill-making-native-languages-official
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Upper Kuskokwim". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.