University of Maryland School of Medicine Article

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University of Maryland
School of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine logo
Established1807
Type Public
Parent institution University of Maryland, Baltimore
Academic affiliation University of Maryland Medical Center & Medical System
Location Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SCHOOL OF MEDICINE Latitude and Longitude:

39°17′21″N 76°37′32″W / 39.289032°N 76.625685°W / 39.289032; -76.625685
DeanE. Albert Reece
Academic staff2,912
Students1,307 (total)
  • MD – 624
  • PhD – 337
  • MD/PhD – 48
  • MPH – 42
  • DPT/PhD – 182
  • Other – 74
Website medschool.umaryland.edu

The University of Maryland School of Medicine (abbreviated UM SOM or UMB SOM), [1] [2] located in Baltimore City, Maryland, U.S., is the medical school of the University of Maryland, Baltimore and is affiliated with the University of Maryland Medical Center and Medical System. [3] Established in 1807 as the College of Medicine of Maryland, [4] it is the first public and the fifth oldest medical school in the United States. It was also the first medical school to institute a residency training program.[ citation needed] UMB SOM's campus includes Davidge Hall, which was built in 1812, and is the oldest building in continuous use for medical education in the Northern Hemisphere. [4]

In addition to an MD degree, the UMB SOM offers PhD programs through the Graduate Program in Life Sciences. It also offers several joint degree programs: a Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) MD/PhD, a joint MD/DDS ( Doctor of Dental Surgery), the MD/MPH ( Master of Public Health) program, and the PhD/DPT (Doctor of Physical Therapy).

The University of Maryland School of Medicine was ranked 21st in U.S. News and World Report's 2019 rankings of "Best Medical Schools: Primary Care", and 31st in "Best Medical Schools: Research". [5] In 2013, the school offered admission to 6.8% of applicants. [6] Since 2006, the medical school dean has been E. Albert Reece. [3]

Background

History

University of Maryland, Medical Building (Davidge Hall) in July, 1936
University of Maryland, Medical Building ( Davidge Hall) in July, 1936
Davidge Hall in August 2011
Davidge Hall in August 2011

Chartered as the College of Medicine of Maryland in December 1807, [7] the University of Maryland School of Medicine was the founding school of the University System of Maryland [8] and the only public medical school in the U.S. at the time.[ citation needed] [9] It is the fifth oldest medical school in the country after the medicals schools at Columbia University (established May 1807), Dartmouth College (1798), Harvard University (1782), and the University of Pennsylvania (1765). [7]

Its founding by Nathaniel Potter and John Beale Davidge was part of an influx of professionals to Baltimore and the rapid urban development that immediately followed the American Revolution. [10] [11] [12] By the late 1780s, there was public discussion about the need for "medical reform and suppression of quackery". [13] A group of physicians made several short-lived attempts at starting medical schools around the turn of the 19th century, and were finally successful in 1807 when the Maryland state legislature passed the Medical College Bill, [14] authorizing the formation the College of Medicine of Maryland. [4] [12] In 1812 it was rechartered as the University of Maryland School of Medicine. [7]

Davidge Hall, built in 1812 and still in use today, is the original building of the College of Medicine of Maryland. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the oldest building in continuous use for medical education in the United States. [7] In the 1950s, the building was named after John Beale Davidge, one of the founders and the first dean of the College of Medicine of Maryland. [4] [12] [15]

In a 2011 article in Forbes magazine, Steven Salzberg criticized the school's inclusion of pseudoscientific subjects such as homeopathy in the curriculum. According to Salzberg, the school is "mis-training medical students" by teaching courses in integrative medicine. [16]

Research

Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have made several milestone discoveries in the field of biomedical research and therapeutics. Recent discoveries include the development of aromatase inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer by the lab of Angela Brodie, [17] and the discovery of calcium sparks as drivers of heart contraction by the lab of Jonathan Lederer. [18] The School of Medicine is a research-focused academic institution, with over $400 million in extramural research funding in 2015. [19] A large portion of that research funding comes from the federal government of the United States. As of 2016, over $148 million in research grants from the NIH were attributed to the parent university of the School of Medicine. [20] Focus areas of the University of Maryland School of Medicine's research include cancer research, cardiovascular research, neuroscience, and virology.

The School of Medicine has launched several research centers and institutes dedicated to specific fields of research:

The Institute of Human Virology

The Institute of Human Virology (IHV) was formed in 1996 as a research institute of the University of Maryland School of Medicine, headed and co-founded by Robert Gallo, the only recipient of two Lasker Awards for the discovery of the first human retrovirus, and the discovery of HIV as the cause of AIDS. [21] IHV operates in a dedicated building on the UMSOM campus next to the University of Maryland Medical Center as a partnership between the State of Maryland, the City of Baltimore, the University System of Maryland and the University of Maryland Medical System.

The Institute for Genome Sciences

Launched in 2007, the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) is an internationally recognized genomics research center at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. IGS investigators use genomic and bioinformatic tools to research genome function in health and diseases and work in interdisciplinary collaborations with biomedical investigators. IGS is led by Dr. Claire M. Fraser-Liggett. Research areas include: Bioinformatics, Cancer Genomics, Functional Genomics, Human Genetic Variation, Infectious Diseases, Organismal Diversity and Evolution, Human Microbiome Project, Plant Genomics, and Microbial Community Ecology. Investigators at IGS work on Disease Ontology research, the Data Analysis and Coordination Center (DACC) for HMP, and other grants. IGS is one of the Genome Sequencing Center for Infectious Diseases (GSCID) centers designated by NIAID.[ citation needed]

The Institute for Global Health

The Institute for Global Health (IGH) was established in 2015 and is dedicated to improving global health by conducting innovative, world-leading research around the world. The IGH develops new and improved ways of diagnosing, preventing, treating, controlling and eradicating diseases of global impact. Such diseases include malaria, Ebola and vaccine-preventable infectious diseases such as measles. The IGH includes the Center for Vaccine Development (CVD) and the Division of Malaria Research.

Maryland Psychiatric Research Center

The MPRC [1] was established on the grounds of Spring Grove Hospital as a result of public interest in the research pioneered there on the use of the psychedelic compound LSD in Schizophrenia research. The first of this series of experiments, which came to be known as the Spring Grove Experiment, began in 1955 in cottage 13 of the hospital grounds. The study was largely conducted by the members of the Research Unit of Spring Grove State Hospital, and became the largest study on psychedelic drugs in psychiatric research. [22] After the study gained media publicity, research funding was made available and Spring Grove was rebuilt into the MPRC, a division of the department of Psychiatry of the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Currently, MPRC hosts over 20 clinical and basic research faculty that form its core research program into psychiatric disease. [23] MPRC is also the editorial seat for the Schizophrenia Bulletin, a peer-reviewed medical journal dedicated to schizophrenia research.

Departments

The University of Maryland Medical Center, the on-campus teaching hospital of the School of Medicine, and seat of many of its clinical departments.
The Health Sciences Facility III building of the School of Medicine, housing labs dedicated to biomedical research.

Clinical

  • Anesthesiology
  • Dermatology
  • Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Epidemiology and Public Health
  • Family and Community Medicine
  • Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
  • Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
  • Orthopaedics
  • Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Surgery

Basic Research

  • Anatomy and Neurobiology
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology and Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology

Allied Health

  • The Department of Medical and Research Technology (DMRT) offers a graduate program and a categorical certificate program and the School of Medicine's only undergraduate program. It is the largest accredited medical technology program in the state of Maryland.[ citation needed]
  • The Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science (PTRS) department, established in 1956, offers a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) degree, which is a 3-year program, a PhD in rehabilitation sciences and a dual DPT/PhD program. In the 2010 edition of U.S. News & World Report physical therapy school rankings, UMB PTRS ranked 15th in the nation.[ citation needed]

Notable faculty

Affiliated Hospitals

See also

References

  1. ^ UMMC Press Release (September 23, 2016). "University of Maryland School of Medicine Holds Inaugural Global Health Summit". University of Maryland Medical Center. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Research Directory – Expert Profile: Brian Miller". University of Cincinnati. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b "About Us". University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d "Maryland's National Register Properties: Davidge Hall, University of Maryland". Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  5. ^ "University of Maryland - Best Medical School - US News". Https:. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  6. ^ "August 2013 Entering Class Statistics" (PDF). University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d "Virtual Tour". The Medical Alumni Association of the University of Maryland. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  8. ^ "University of Maryland, Baltimore: Historical Evolution". msa.maryland.gov. Maryland State Archives. September 29, 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2017 – via the Maryland Manual On-Line.
  9. ^ "UMMC Fact Sheet" (PDF).
  10. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Kelly, Howard A.; Burrage, Walter L., eds. (1920). " Potter, Nathaniel". American Medical Biographies. Baltimore: The Norman, Remington Company.
  11. ^ "Potter Historical Collection". University of Maryland - Health Sciences & Human Services Library. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  12. ^ a b c Kelly, Jacques (27 January 1993). "Founder of medical school at Maryland gets headstone, 150 years after death". The Baltimore Sun. Tribune Digital. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  13. ^ Cordell, Eugene Fauntleroy (1891). Historical Sketch of the University of Maryland, School of Medicine (1807-1890): With an Introductory Chapter, Notices of the Schools of Law, Arts and Sciences, and Theology, and the Department of Dentistry, and a General Catalogue of Medical Alumni. Press of I. Friedenwald. pp. 1–14.
  14. ^ Bramucci, Nancy (2009). "Medicine in Maryland, 1752-1920: University of Maryland School of Medicine". mdhistoryonline.net Medicine in Maryland. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  15. ^ The Center for a Healthy Maryland (2014), Physicians of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland for Whom We Have Portraits or Engravings (PDF), MedChi, retrieved 18 January 2017
  16. ^ Salzberg, Steven (21 April 2011). "Why Medical Schools Should Not Teach Integrative Medicine". Forbes. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  17. ^ Grohol, John M. (21 February 2009). "Robert A. Weinberg and Angela M. Hartley Brodie awarded 2006 Landon-AACR Prizes for Cancer Research". PsycheCentral. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  18. ^ "Lederer, W Jonathan". Medschool.umaryland.edu. Retrieved December 31, 2017.
  19. ^ "About Us". University of Maryland School of Medicine. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  20. ^ "NIH Awards by Location and Organization - NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT)". Https:. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  21. ^ a b "Lasker NIH Intramural Awardees". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 2014-01-09.
  22. ^ "Thirty Years of Psychedelic Research: The Spring Grove Experiment and Its Sequels (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
  23. ^ "Faculty & Staff". Mprc.umaryland.edu. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  24. ^ "Walle J. H. Nauta Is Dead at 77 - Helped to Establish Neuroscience". The New York Times. March 27, 1994. Retrieved January 4, 2017.