1940 United States presidential election in Vermont Article

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United States presidential election in Vermont, 1940

←  1936 November 5, 1940 1944 →
  WendellWillkie.png FDRoosevelt1938.png
Nominee Wendell Willkie Franklin D. Roosevelt
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Indiana New York
Running mate Charles L. McNary Henry A. Wallace
Electoral vote 3 0
Popular vote 78,371 64,269
Percentage 54.78% 44.92%

Vermont Election Results by County 1940.svg
County Results
  Roosevelt—50-60%
  Willkie—50-60%
  Willkie—60-70%

President before election

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

Elected President

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic

The 1940 United States presidential election in Vermont took place on November 5, 1940, as part of the 1940 United States Presidential Election which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Vermont voted for the Republican nominee, corporate lawyer Wendell Willkie of Indiana, over the Democratic nominee, incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York. Willkie's running mate was Senate Minority Leader Charles L. McNary of Oregon, while Roosevelt ran with Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace of Iowa.

Willkie took 54.78 percent of the vote, to Roosevelt's 44.92 percent, a margin of 9.86 percentage points.

Vermont historically was a bastion of liberal Northeastern Republicanism, and by 1940 the Green Mountain State had gone Republican in every presidential election since the founding of the Republican Party. From 1856 to 1936, Vermont had had the longest streak of voting Republican of any state, having never voted Democratic before, and this tradition continued in 1940.

Vermont had been one of only two states (along with Maine) to reject Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt in all four of his presidential campaigns, even in the nationwide Democratic landslides of 1932 and 1936.

However 1940 would prove to be Roosevelt's high point in Vermont, and in New England as a whole, even as the rest of the nation shifted toward the GOP. Roosevelt improved on his previous showings in Vermont, coming within 10 percentage points of winning the state, the only time he ever got within single digits of a Republican opponent in the state. The results in Maine, the only state to have joined Vermont in voting Republican in 1936, showed a similar but even more dramatic swing toward FDR, with Willkie only holding onto Maine by a narrow 51—49 margin. Roosevelt's gain in Vermont and other New England states, in an election when Willkie carried almost seven hundred counties that the President had won during his landslide four years beforehand, was due to support in the region for helping Britain and France during World War II. [1]

Whereas Vermont had been the most Republican state in the union in the 1930s, a strong swing against Roosevelt in the Midwest pushed Vermont into being only the fifth most Republican state after South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas and North Dakota, [2] although it still registered as a strong twenty percent more Republican than the national average.

Willkie carried ten of the state's fourteen counties, breaking sixty percent in six. However, the three northwestern counties of Vermont had been Democratic enclaves in an otherwise Republican state throughout the 1930s and 1940s, and Roosevelt once again won Chittenden County, Franklin County and Grand Isle County for the Democrats. Roosevelt also managed to carry for the first time rural Essex County in the northeast of the state, being the first Democrat to do so since Martin van Buren in 1836. [1]

Results

United States presidential election in Vermont, 1940 [3]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Wendell Willkie 78,371 54.78% 3
Democratic Franklin D. Roosevelt 64,269 44.92% 0
Communist Earl Browder 411 0.29% 0
N/A Write-ins 11 0.01% 0
Totals 143,062 100.00% 3

Results by county

Wendell Lewis Willkie
Republican
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast [4]
County # % # % # % # % #
Addison 4,500 63.22% 2,593 36.43% 25 0.35% 1,907 26.79% 7,118
Bennington 5,845 57.42% 4,308 42.32% 27 0.27% 1,537 15.10% 10,180
Caledonia 5,793 62.56% 3,444 37.19% 23 0.25% 2,349 25.37% 9,260
Chittenden 7,926 41.58% 11,069 58.07% 66 0.35% -3,143 -16.49% 19,061
Essex 1,365 46.96% 1,531 52.67% 11 0.38% -166 -5.71% 2,907
Franklin 5,258 41.21% 7,439 58.30% 63 0.49% -2,181 -17.09% 12,760
Grand Isle 716 41.65% 998 58.06% 5 0.29% -282 -16.40% 1,719
Lamoille 2,566 63.61% 1,463 36.27% 5 0.12% 1,103 27.34% 4,034
Orange 4,527 68.81% 2,029 30.84% 23 0.35% 2,498 37.97% 6,579
Orleans 4,480 57.52% 3,294 42.29% 15 0.19% 1,186 15.23% 7,789
Rutland 10,829 55.02% 8,798 44.70% 54 0.27% 2,031 10.32% 19,681
Washington 8,426 52.00% 7,727 47.69% 50 0.31% 699 4.31% 16,203
Windham 7,031 63.01% 4,101 36.75% 27 0.24% 2,930 26.26% 11,159
Windsor 9,109 62.34% 5,475 37.47% 28 0.19% 3,634 24.87% 14,612
Totals 78,371 54.78% 64,269 44.92% 422 0.29% 14,102 9.86% 143,062

References

  1. ^ a b Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 67-68 ISBN  0786422173
  2. ^ "1940 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  3. ^ "1940 Presidential General Election Results - Vermont". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-08-02.
  4. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; p. 465 ISBN  0405077114