1984 United States presidential election in Utah Article

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United States presidential election in Utah, 1984

←  1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
  President Reagan 1985 closeup.jpg Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 5 0
Popular vote 469,105 155,369
Percentage 74.50% 24.68%

UtahPresidentialElection1984.svg
County Results
Reagan
  <50%
  50-60%
  60-70%
  70-80%
  80-90%


President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in Utah took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Utah voters chose five electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Utah was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for Utah, with just under 99% of the electorate voting for either the Democratic or Republican parties, [1] though several other parties appeared on the ballot. Every county in Utah voted in majority for the Republican candidate, a particularly strong turn out even in this typically conservative leaning state. Reagan did the best in Box Elder County, and Mondale did the best in Carbon County, but still failed to gain majority there. Mondale did make gains vis-à-vis Jimmy Carter of over ten percent in eastern Daggett County and San Juan County, probably related to a general trend in this election of Native American voters towards Mondale. [2] The highly populated Salt Lake County contributed about half of the Democratic votes produced by Utah, but still was won decisively by Reagan by 40 points, in what was, overall, a very solid statewide victory.

Utah weighed in for this election as 16% more Republican than the national average, and with 74.5% of the popular vote made it Reagan's strongest state in the 1984 election. [3]

Democratic platform

Walter Mondale accepted the Democratic nomination for presidency after pulling narrowly ahead of Senator Gary Hart of Colorado and Rev. Jesse Jackson of Illinois - his main contenders during what would be a very contentious [4] Democratic primary. During the primary campaign, Mondale was vocal about reduction of government spending, and, in particular, was vocal against heightened military spending on the nuclear arms race against the Soviet Union, [5] which was reaching its peak on both sides in the early 1980s.

Taking a (what was becoming the traditional liberal) stance on the social issues of the day, Mondale advocated for gun control, the right to choose regarding abortion, and strongly opposed the repeal of laws regarding institutionalized prayer in public schools. He also criticized Reagan for what he charged was his economic marginalization of the poor, stating that Reagan's reelection campaign was "a happy talk campaign," not focused on the real issues at hand. [6]

A very significant political move during this election: the Democratic Party nominated Representative Geraldine Ferraro to run with Mondale as Vice-President. Ferraro is the first female candidate to receive such a nomination in United States history. She said in an interview at the 1984 Democratic National Convention that this action "opened a door which will never be closed again," [7] speaking to the role of women in politics.

Republican platform

Reagan challenging Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to " tear down this wall!," from the Brandenburg Gate in June, 1987. Reagan's firm stance with the Soviet Union was an important contributor to his 1984 reelection.


By 1984, Reagan was very popular with voters across the nation as the President who saw them out of the economic stagflation of the early and middle 1970's, and into a period of (relative) economic stability. [8]

The economic success seen under Reagan was politically accomplished (principally) in two ways. The first was initiation of deep tax cuts for the wealthy, [9] and the second was a wide-spectrum of tax cuts for crude oil production and refinement, namely, with the 1980 Windfall profits tax cuts. [10] These policies were augmented with a call for heightened military spending, [11] the cutting of social welfare programs for the poor, [12] and the increasing of taxes on those making less than $50,000 per year. [9] Collectively called " Reaganomics", these economic policies were established through several pieces of legislation passed between 1980 and 1987.

Some of these new policies also arguably curbed several existing tax loopholes, preferences, and exceptions. Reaganomics has (along with legislation passed under presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton) been criticized by many analysts as "setting the stage" for economic troubles in the United State after 2007, such as the Great Recession. [13]

Virtually unopposed during the Republican primaries, Reagan ran on a campaign of furthering his economic policies. Reagan vowed to continue his " war on drugs," passing sweeping legislation after the 1984 election in support of mandatory minimum sentences for drug possession. [14] Furthermore, taking a (what was becoming the traditional conservative) stance on the social issues of the day, Reagan strongly opposed legislation regarding comprehension of gay marriage, abortion, and (to a lesser extent) environmentalism, [15] regarding the final as simply being bad for business.

Republican victory

Reagan won the election in Utah with a resounding 50 point sweep-out landslide, his strongest victory in the nation. Utah continued its typical trend during this election cycle of having the largest percentage voting Republican in the nation, a trend that started in 1976 [16] and continued continuously until 2004. While Utah typically votes conservative, the very decisive election results in Utah are also reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution." [8] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election. No Republican candidate has received as strong of support in the American West at large, as Reagan did.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did." [6] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this claim to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election, both in Utah, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan ( Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class." [15] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan's 1984 landslide victory, in Utah and elsewhere. No subsequent Republican nominee has matched Reagan's 74% win.

Results

United States presidential election in Utah, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 469,105 74.50% 5
Democratic Walter Mondale 155,369 24.68% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 2,447 0.39% 0
American Party Delmar Dennis 1,345 0.21% 0
Citizen's Party Sonia Johnson 844 0.13% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 220 0.03% 0
Communist Party Gus Hall 184 0.03% 0
Socialist Workers Party Melvin Mason 142 0.02% 0
Totals 629,656 100.0% 5

Results by county

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Fritz Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Beaver 1,516 67.95% 708 31.73% 7 0.31% 808 36.22% 2,231
Box Elder 13,243 86.65% 1,983 12.98% 57 0.37% 11,260 73.68% 15,283
Cache 22,127 83.68% 4,123 15.59% 192 0.73% 18,004 68.09% 26,442
Carbon 4,393 49.82% 4,357 49.41% 68 0.77% 36 0.41% 8,818
Daggett 296 56.38% 227 43.24% 2 0.38% 69 13.14% 525
Davis 49,863 80.29% 11,727 18.88% 512 0.82% 38,136 61.41% 62,102
Duchesne 4,437 85.16% 746 14.32% 27 0.52% 3,691 70.84% 5,210
Emery 3,081 69.41% 1,326 29.87% 32 0.72% 1,755 39.54% 4,439
Garfield 1,609 83.15% 315 16.28% 11 0.57% 1,294 66.87% 1,935
Grand 2,463 73.15% 876 26.02% 28 0.83% 1,587 47.13% 3367
Iron 6,856 83.09% 1,342 16.26% 53 0.64% 5,514 66.83% 8,251
Juab 1,902 67.23% 917 32.41% 10 0.35% 985 34.82% 2,829
Kane 1,710 85.12% 294 14.63% 5 0.25% 1,416 70.48% 2,009
Millard 4,345 78.11% 1,192 21.43% 26 0.47% 3,153 56.68% 5,563
Morgan 1,934 79.59% 481 19.79% 15 0.62% 1,453 59.79% 2,430
Piute 606 80.05% 151 19.95% 0 0.00% 455 60.11% 757
Rich 797 85.61% 131 14.07% 3 0.32% 666 71.54% 931
Salt Lake 183,536 69.28% 78,488 29.63% 2,902 1.10% 105,048 39.65% 264,926
San Juan 2,598 69.13% 1,145 30.47% 15 0.40% 1,453 38.66% 3,758
Sanpete 5,507 81.26% 1,227 18.11% 43 0.63% 4,280 63.15% 6,777
Sevier 5,736 83.49% 1,072 15.60% 62 0.90% 4,664 67.89% 6,870
Summit 4,093 71.79% 1,539 27.00% 69 1.21% 2,554 44.80% 5,701
Tooele 6,478 63.95% 3,584 35.38% 68 0.67% 2,894 28.57% 10,130
Uintah 7,337 85.57% 1,186 13.83% 51 0.59% 6,151 71.74% 8,574
Utah 72,284 82.61% 14,801 16.91% 419 0.48% 57,483 65.69% 87,504
Wasatch 2,789 72.93% 1,015 26.54% 20 0.52% 1,774 46.39% 3,824
Washington 12,049 86.21% 1,846 13.21% 82 0.59% 10,203 73.00% 13,977
Wayne 930 80.24% 224 19.33% 5 0.43% 706 60.91% 1,159
Weber 44,590 70.40% 18,346 28.97% 398 0.63% 26,244 41.44% 63,334
Totals 469,105 74.50% 155,369 24.68% 5,182 0.82% 313,736 49.83% 629,656

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, p. 109 ISBN  0786422173
  3. ^ "1984 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  4. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  5. ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time, July 2, 1984
  6. ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  7. ^ Martin, Douglas (2011-03-27). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Federal Individual Income Tax Rates History, 1913–2011 (Nominal and Inflation-Adjusted Brackets)". Tax Foundation. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  10. ^ Joseph J. Thorndike (Nov 10, 2005). "Historical Perspective: The Windfall Profit Tax". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  11. ^ Historical tables, Budget of the United States Government Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine., 2013, table 6.1.
  12. ^ Niskanen, William A. (1992). "Reaganomics". In David R. Henderson (ed.). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (1st ed.). Library of Economics and Liberty. OCLC  317650570, 50016270, 163149563
  13. ^ Jerry Lanson (2008-11-06). "A historic victory. A changed nation. Now, can Obama deliver?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  14. ^ Alexander, Michelle (2010). The New Jim Crow. New York: The New Press. p. 5. ISBN  978-1595581037.
  15. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN  0-87840-724-3.
  16. ^ Menendez; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, pp. 104, 110, 112, 115, 119, 124, 130