1972 United States presidential election in Texas Article

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United States presidential election in Texas, 1972

←  1968 November 7, 1972 1976 →
  Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg GeorgeMcGovern.png
Nominee Richard Nixon George McGovern
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California South Dakota
Running mate Spiro Agnew Sargent Shriver
Electoral vote 26 0
Popular vote 2,298,896 1,154,291
Percentage 66.2% 33.2%

United States presidential election in Texas, 1972 results by county.svg
County results

President before election

Richard Nixon
Republican

Elected President

Richard Nixon
Republican

The 1972 United States presidential election in Texas was held on November 7, 1972. Incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon overwhelmingly won the state of Texas with 66.20 percent of the vote, [1] to the Democratic Party candidate George McGovern’s 33.24 percent, thus giving him the state’s 26 electoral votes. This was the first time a Republican won the state of Texas since 1956.

Nixon’s win in Texas made him the first ever Republican presidential candidate to break sixty percent of Texas’ popular vote in a presidential election, surpassing former President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s performance of 55.26 percent in 1956, and even native son Lyndon B. Johnson’s 63.32 percent in the 1964 election. Nixon is so far the only Republican candidate to break 65 percent of the state’s popular vote. At the county level, 246 of Texas’ 254 counties voted for Nixon, all by wide margins except heavily black Robertson County where Nixon won by a single vote. Nixon won 22 of Texas” 24 congressional districts – with the 18th ( Harris County) and 20th ( Bexar County) constituting the only congressional districts McGovern won anywhere in the former Confederacy. McGovern, however, did not win either county each of these districts were located in.

McGovern’s only county wins came from the south Texas region along the U.S.-Mexico border and Cottle County in the northern part of the state, though even his performances here were underwhelming. In fact, in the oldest extant Democrat stronghold in the entire United States, [2] Nixon became the solitary Republican since Theodore Roosevelt carried the county in 1904 to win La Salle County, the only Republican since Herbert Hoover in 1928 to carry Hidalgo County, [a] the only Republican since Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 to win Dimmit County and also Presidio County, one of only two Republicans since the county was founded in 1911 (following Eisenhower in 1956) to carry Jim Wells County and the only Republican apart from Eisenhower’s two victories there to win Wilacy County since it was created in 1921. This is also the last election at which Zavala County has voted Republican, [2] though that county did so even in 1960. Duval County, however, gave McGovern over 85 percent of the vote, which was the highest percentage of votes he received in any county nationally. [3] 1972 was the third successive election when Duval proved the most Democratic county in the nation.

As with the rest of the country that year, with the exception of Massachusetts and Washington, D.C., Texas voted for the Republican candidate as Nixon emphasized on a good economy and his successes in foreign affairs, such as coming near to ending American involvement in the Vietnam War and establishing relations with China. McGovern was constantly portrayed throughout the campaign as being a left-wing extremist because of his support for busing and civil rights, plus his opposition to the Vietnam War, support for granting amnesty to draft dodgers [4] and support for a thousand-dollar giveaway to each American as a solution to poverty. [5] McGovern was also viewed as inconsistent following the replacement of his first running mate, Thomas Eagleton, while many Republican campaigners believed McGovern would legalise abortion and illicit drugs if he were elected [6] – despite the fact that his ultimate running mate Sargent Shriver was firmly pro-life. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the best Republican election performance in Texas.

Results

United States presidential election in Texas, 1972 [1]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Richard Nixon ( incumbent) 2,298,896 66.20% 26
Democratic George McGovern 1,154,291 33.24% 0
Socialist Workers Linda Jenness 8,664 0.25% 0
Write-in John G. Schmitz 7,098 0.20% 0
Write-ins - 3,765 0.11% 0
Totals 3,472,714 100.00% 26
Voter turnout

Results by county

County Nixon# Nixon% McGovern# McGovern% Others# Others% Total votes cast
Anderson 5,826 72.24% 2,233 27.69% 6 0.07% 8,065
Andrews 2,615 79.00% 677 20.45% 18 0.54% 3,310
Angelina 11,453 69.04% 4,970 29.96% 166 1.00% 16,589
Aransas 2,037 70.48% 844 29.20% 9 0.31% 2,890
Archer 1,494 69.42% 632 29.37% 26 1.21% 2,152
Armstrong 768 80.76% 177 18.61% 6 0.63% 951
Atascosa 3,400 65.28% 1,804 34.64% 4 0.08% 5,208
Austin 3,084 74.24% 1,043 25.11% 27 0.65% 4,154
Bailey 1,837 79.70% 465 20.17% 3 0.13% 2,305
Bandera 1,796 79.50% 434 19.21% 29 1.28% 2,259
Bastrop 3,097 61.82% 1,906 38.04% 7 0.14% 5,010
Baylor 1,190 66.52% 598 33.43% 1 0.06% 1,789
Bee 3,779 64.42% 2,067 35.24% 20 0.34% 5,866
Bell 17,525 71.79% 6,848 28.05% 38 0.16% 24,411
Bexar 137,572 59.76% 91,662 39.82% 959 0.42% 230,193
Blanco 1,215 71.68% 460 27.14% 20 1.18% 1,695
Borden 330 76.21% 96 22.17% 7 1.62% 433
Bosque 2,947 74.12% 1,014 25.50% 15 0.38% 3,976
Bowie 14,722 73.55% 5,227 26.12% 66 0.33% 20,015
Brazoria 21,045 64.89% 11,350 35.00% 37 0.11% 32,432
Brazos 14,243 71.03% 5,692 28.39% 116 0.58% 20,051
Brewster 1,524 62.31% 904 36.96% 18 0.74% 2,446
Briscoe 642 64.20% 349 34.90% 9 0.90% 1,000
Brooks 1,117 40.17% 1,657 59.58% 7 0.25% 2,781
Brown 5,990 72.76% 2,171 26.37% 72 0.87% 8,233
Burleson 1,762 56.38% 1,361 43.55% 2 0.06% 3,125
Burnet 3,438 73.34% 1,227 26.17% 23 0.49% 4,688
Caldwell 3,171 61.45% 1,974 38.26% 15 0.29% 5,160
Calhoun 3,614 64.93% 1,936 34.78% 16 0.29% 5,566
Callahan 2,223 75.64% 665 22.63% 51 1.74% 2,939
Cameron 20,816 60.69% 13,340 38.89% 144 0.42% 34,300
Camp 1,599 60.55% 1,041 39.42% 1 0.04% 2,641
Carson 1,868 75.75% 561 22.75% 37 1.50% 2,466
Cass 5,303 72.76% 1,981 27.18% 4 0.05% 7,288
Castro 1,685 68.75% 751 30.64% 15 0.61% 2,451
Chambers 2,390 66.35% 1,206 33.48% 6 0.17% 3,602
Cherokee 5,743 69.29% 2,467 29.77% 78 0.94% 8,288
Childress 1,716 69.81% 729 29.66% 13 0.53% 2,458
Clay 1,893 64.28% 1,023 34.74% 29 0.98% 2,945
Cochran 1,106 72.01% 415 27.02% 15 0.98% 1,536
Coke 761 67.11% 358 31.57% 15 1.32% 1,134
Coleman 2,386 76.67% 721 23.17% 5 0.16% 3,112
Collin 17,667 78.04% 4,783 21.13% 187 0.83% 22,637
Collingsworth 1,250 71.39% 501 28.61% 0 0.00% 1,751
Colorado 3,495 69.66% 1,502 29.94% 20 0.40% 5,017
Comal 6,761 78.36% 1,823 21.13% 44 0.51% 8,628
Comanche 2,608 68.31% 1,176 30.80% 34 0.89% 3,818
Concho 709 66.95% 350 33.05% 0 0.00% 1,059
Cooke 6,317 78.28% 1,702 21.09% 51 0.63% 8,070
Coryell 5,077 79.75% 1,235 19.40% 54 0.85% 6,366
Cottle 564 49.69% 571 50.31% 0 0.00% 1,135
Crane 1,123 73.78% 349 22.93% 50 3.29% 1,522
Crockett 851 72.12% 329 27.88% 0 0.00% 1,180
Crosby 1,503 59.15% 1,021 40.18% 17 0.67% 2,541
Culberson 555 69.12% 238 29.64% 10 1.25% 803
Dallam 1,271 78.02% 327 20.07% 31 1.90% 1,629
Dallas 305,112 69.53% 129,662 29.55% 4,021 0.92% 438,795
Dawson 3,247 79.29% 846 20.66% 2 0.05% 4,095
Deaf Smith 3,690 73.67% 1,240 24.76% 79 1.58% 5,009
Delta 957 61.90% 581 37.58% 8 0.52% 1,546
Denton 19,138 66.18% 9,720 33.61% 62 0.21% 28,920
Dewitt 3,755 72.96% 1,357 26.36% 35 0.68% 5,147
Dickens 708 56.87% 534 42.89% 3 0.24% 1,245
Dimmit 1,172 51.81% 1,078 47.66% 12 0.53% 2,262
Donley 1,229 77.74% 350 22.14% 2 0.13% 1,581
Duval 623 14.32% 3,729 85.68% 0 0.00% 4,352
Eastland 4,106 71.50% 1,630 28.38% 7 0.12% 5,743
Ector 21,386 79.32% 5,449 20.21% 125 0.46% 26,960
Edwards 520 82.02% 109 17.19% 5 0.79% 634
Ellis 8,779 69.53% 3,839 30.41% 8 0.06% 12,626
El Paso 49,981 60.15% 32,435 39.04% 674 0.81% 83,090
Erath 4,777 74.26% 1,648 25.62% 8 0.12% 6,433
Falls 3,017 62.12% 1,825 37.57% 15 0.31% 4,857
Fannin 3,826 61.90% 2,295 37.13% 60 0.97% 6,181
Fayette 3,882 73.37% 1,400 26.46% 9 0.17% 5,291
Fisher 1,207 56.22% 933 43.46% 7 0.33% 2,147
Floyd 2,181 72.17% 841 27.83% 0 0.00% 3,022
Foard 369 53.87% 312 45.55% 4 0.58% 685
Fort Bend 10,475 69.42% 4,541 30.09% 73 0.48% 15,089
Franklin 1,059 65.90% 546 33.98% 2 0.12% 1,607
Freestone 2,459 65.61% 1,283 34.23% 6 0.16% 3,748
Frio 1,904 54.23% 1,588 45.23% 19 0.54% 3,511
Gaines 1,923 73.26% 669 25.49% 33 1.26% 2,625
Galveston 30,936 57.49% 22,565 41.93% 310 0.58% 53,811
Garza 1,153 72.11% 446 27.89% 0 0.00% 1,599
Gillespie 3,490 85.67% 526 12.91% 58 1.42% 4,074
Glasscock 288 78.05% 75 20.33% 6 1.63% 369
Goliad 1,018 68.60% 464 31.27% 2 0.13% 1,484
Gonzales 2,707 69.84% 1,164 30.03% 5 0.13% 3,876
Gray 7,968 84.37% 1,367 14.47% 109 1.15% 9,444
Grayson 16,769 70.65% 6,952 29.29% 13 0.05% 23,734
Gregg 19,927 77.49% 5,325 20.71% 464 1.80% 25,716
Grimes 2,243 66.44% 1,116 33.06% 17 0.50% 3,376
Guadalupe 8,287 70.84% 3,404 29.10% 7 0.06% 11,698
Hale 7,051 76.04% 2,135 23.02% 87 0.94% 9,273
Hall 1,303 67.37% 607 31.39% 24 1.24% 1,934
Hamilton 1,931 73.79% 685 26.18% 1 0.04% 2,617
Hansford 1,947 88.90% 202 9.22% 41 1.87% 2,190
Hardeman 1,357 68.29% 614 30.90% 16 0.81% 1,987
Hardin 5,190 63.63% 2,952 36.19% 15 0.18% 8,157
Harris 365,672 62.56% 215,916 36.94% 2,943 0.50% 584,531
Harrison 9,600 68.28% 4,333 30.82% 127 0.90% 14,060
Hartley 946 80.17% 206 17.46% 28 2.37% 1,180
Haskell 1,744 64.74% 950 35.26% 0 0.00% 2,694
Hays 5,406 56.79% 4,068 42.74% 45 0.47% 9,519
Hemphill 942 81.42% 214 18.50% 1 0.09% 1,157
Henderson 6,263 69.49% 2,741 30.41% 9 0.10% 9,013
Hidalgo 22,920 55.23% 18,366 44.26% 213 0.51% 41,499
Hill 4,481 70.25% 1,882 29.50% 16 0.25% 6,379
Hockley 4,084 70.84% 1,625 28.19% 56 0.97% 5,765
Hood 1,743 64.32% 949 35.02% 18 0.66% 2,710
Hopkins 3,903 69.20% 1,710 30.32% 27 0.48% 5,640
Houston 3,317 63.95% 1,844 35.55% 26 0.50% 5,187
Howard 7,343 72.85% 2,714 26.92% 23 0.23% 10,080
Hudspeth 467 64.24% 250 34.39% 10 1.38% 727
Hunt 9,535 72.02% 3,655 27.61% 49 0.37% 13,239
Hutchinson 7,411 81.25% 1,405 15.40% 305 3.34% 9,121
Irion 363 76.10% 111 23.27% 3 0.63% 477
Jack 1,719 68.57% 775 30.91% 13 0.52% 2,507
Jackson 2,743 69.81% 1,163 29.60% 23 0.59% 3,929
Jasper 4,575 62.46% 2,746 37.49% 4 0.05% 7,325
Jeff Davis 382 64.20% 202 33.95% 11 1.85% 595
Jefferson 45,819 60.42% 29,909 39.44% 109 0.14% 75,837
Jim Hogg 765 47.28% 848 52.41% 5 0.31% 1,618
Jim Wells 5,283 54.48% 4,404 45.41% 11 0.11% 9,698
Johnson 10,042 71.04% 3,968 28.07% 126 0.89% 14,136
Jones 3,202 75.11% 1,050 24.63% 11 0.26% 4,263
Karnes 2,639 59.60% 1,780 40.20% 9 0.20% 4,428
Kaufman 5,100 64.51% 2,795 35.35% 11 0.14% 7,906
Kendall 2,681 84.23% 484 15.21% 18 0.57% 3,183
Kenedy 124 58.22% 88 41.31% 1 0.47% 213
Kent 465 67.59% 223 32.41% 0 0.00% 688
Kerr 6,039 77.82% 1,511 19.47% 210 2.71% 7,760
Kimble 971 78.12% 266 21.40% 6 0.48% 1,243
King 143 65.30% 75 34.25% 1 0.46% 219
Kinney 425 64.39% 234 35.45% 1 0.15% 660
Kleberg 5,312 54.19% 4,481 45.71% 10 0.10% 9,803
Knox 1,148 63.78% 638 35.44% 14 0.78% 1,800
Lamar 7,736 72.62% 2,865 26.90% 51 0.48% 10,652
Lamb 3,981 74.19% 1,350 25.16% 35 0.65% 5,366
Lampasas 2,251 76.33% 688 23.33% 10 0.34% 2,949
La Salle 1,073 65.11% 567 34.41% 8 0.49% 1,648
Lavaca 3,288 69.65% 1,429 30.27% 4 0.08% 4,721
Lee 1,877 66.70% 920 32.69% 17 0.60% 2,814
Leon 1,699 66.16% 863 33.61% 6 0.23% 2,568
Liberty 6,111 64.79% 3,311 35.10% 10 0.11% 9,432
Limestone 2,949 66.67% 1,452 32.83% 22 0.50% 4,423
Lipscomb 1,226 87.57% 156 11.14% 18 1.29% 1,400
Live Oak 1,745 73.97% 610 25.86% 4 0.17% 2,359
Llano 2,164 73.53% 766 26.03% 13 0.44% 2,943
Loving 55 88.71% 7 11.29% 0 0.00% 62
Lubbock 43,564 73.47% 15,353 25.89% 379 0.64% 59,296
Lynn 1,766 71.47% 697 28.21% 8 0.32% 2,471
McCulloch 1,769 70.06% 753 29.82% 3 0.12% 2,525
McLennan 33,377 67.45% 15,947 32.23% 161 0.33% 49,485
McMullen 304 76.77% 88 22.22% 4 1.01% 396
Madison 1,540 73.30% 561 26.70% 0 0.00% 2,101
Marion 1,680 60.22% 1,106 39.64% 4 0.14% 2,790
Martin 935 75.22% 287 23.09% 21 1.69% 1,243
Mason 1,096 73.71% 369 24.82% 22 1.48% 1,487
Matagorda 5,003 66.75% 2,473 33.00% 19 0.25% 7,495
Maverick 1,477 46.20% 1,710 53.49% 10 0.31% 3,197
Medina 4,059 71.85% 1,507 26.68% 83 1.47% 5,649
Menard 644 69.92% 273 29.64% 4 0.43% 921
Midland 18,905 79.60% 4,388 18.48% 457 1.92% 23,750
Milam 3,554 62.14% 2,159 37.75% 6 0.10% 5,719
Mills 1,089 73.43% 388 26.16% 6 0.40% 1,483
Mitchell 1,790 71.83% 699 28.05% 3 0.12% 2,492
Montague 3,463 72.63% 1,286 26.97% 19 0.40% 4,768
Montgomery 15,067 77.48% 4,358 22.41% 22 0.11% 19,447
Moore 3,620 79.77% 863 19.02% 55 1.21% 4,538
Morris 2,699 69.47% 1,162 29.91% 24 0.62% 3,885
Motley 657 72.52% 230 25.39% 19 2.10% 906
Nacogdoches 8,757 70.41% 3,656 29.40% 24 0.19% 12,437
Navarro 6,039 64.91% 3,246 34.89% 18 0.19% 9,303
Newton 1,946 53.98% 1,636 45.38% 23 0.64% 3,605
Nolan 3,634 73.03% 1,338 26.89% 4 0.08% 4,976
Nueces 41,682 55.39% 33,277 44.22% 291 0.39% 75,250
Ochiltree 2,861 89.35% 298 9.31% 43 1.34% 3,202
Oldham 666 77.17% 173 20.05% 24 2.78% 863
Orange 13,234 64.63% 7,172 35.02% 72 0.35% 20,478
Palo Pinto 5,058 69.79% 2,181 30.10% 8 0.11% 7,247
Panola 4,324 73.74% 1,511 25.77% 29 0.49% 5,864
Parker 7,152 69.11% 3,184 30.77% 13 0.13% 10,349
Parmer 2,304 81.62% 495 17.53% 24 0.85% 2,823
Pecos 2,419 73.10% 847 25.60% 43 1.30% 3,309
Polk 3,048 63.13% 1,760 36.45% 20 0.41% 4,828
Potter 18,891 74.56% 6,264 24.72% 180 0.71% 25,335
Presidio 785 53.69% 674 46.10% 3 0.21% 1,462
Rains 865 61.61% 532 37.89% 7 0.50% 1,404
Randall 18,557 83.13% 3,470 15.54% 296 1.33% 22,323
Reagan 703 73.61% 244 25.55% 8 0.84% 955
Real 483 75.23% 150 23.36% 9 1.40% 642
Red River 3,112 69.54% 1,361 30.41% 2 0.04% 4,475
Reeves 2,427 61.57% 1,510 38.31% 5 0.13% 3,942
Refugio 1,937 64.57% 1,060 35.33% 3 0.10% 3,000
Roberts 467 84.91% 71 12.91% 12 2.18% 550
Robertson 1,977 50.01% 1,976 49.99% 0 0.00% 3,953
Rockwall 1,890 75.06% 610 24.23% 18 0.71% 2,518
Runnels 2,752 78.83% 739 21.17% 0 0.00% 3,491
Rusk 8,179 73.87% 2,867 25.89% 26 0.23% 11,072
Sabine 1,333 58.64% 936 41.18% 4 0.18% 2,273
San Augustine 1,508 66.49% 753 33.20% 7 0.31% 2,268
San Jacinto 1,296 55.81% 1,020 43.93% 6 0.26% 2,322
San Patricio 7,179 57.42% 5,097 40.77% 226 1.81% 12,502
San Saba 1,106 65.79% 567 33.73% 8 0.48% 1,681
Schleicher 630 71.51% 250 28.38% 1 0.11% 881
Scurry 3,777 74.79% 1,223 24.22% 50 0.99% 5,050
Shackelford 909 73.07% 331 26.61% 4 0.32% 1,244
Shelby 4,292 70.45% 1,792 29.42% 8 0.13% 6,092
Sherman 996 84.34% 169 14.31% 16 1.35% 1,181
Smith 23,671 74.37% 8,041 25.26% 115 0.36% 31,827
Somervell 703 71.23% 284 28.77% 0 0.00% 987
Starr 2,389 41.82% 3,320 58.11% 4 0.07% 5,713
Stephens 2,259 76.73% 678 23.03% 7 0.24% 2,944
Sterling 286 74.67% 94 24.54% 3 0.78% 383
Stonewall 662 61.58% 394 36.65% 19 1.77% 1,075
Sutton 705 73.67% 245 25.60% 7 0.73% 957
Swisher 1,790 57.34% 1,300 41.64% 32 1.02% 3,122
Tarrant 151,596 68.55% 69,187 31.29% 355 0.16% 221,138
Taylor 22,417 78.02% 6,024 20.97% 290 1.01% 28,731
Terrell 467 79.02% 124 20.98% 0 0.00% 591
Terry 3,057 72.96% 1,099 26.23% 34 0.81% 4,190
Throckmorton 568 61.81% 348 37.87% 3 0.33% 919
Titus 3,671 68.07% 1,703 31.58% 19 0.35% 5,393
Tom Green 15,784 71.87% 6,082 27.69% 95 0.43% 21,961
Travis 70,561 56.30% 54,157 43.21% 611 0.49% 125,329
Trinity 1,467 63.92% 826 35.99% 2 0.09% 2,295
Tyler 2,955 68.88% 1,321 30.79% 14 0.33% 4,290
Upshur 4,736 71.50% 1,879 28.37% 9 0.14% 6,624
Upton 1,186 81.07% 256 17.50% 21 1.44% 1,463
Uvalde 3,883 72.89% 1,438 26.99% 6 0.11% 5,327
Val Verde 4,052 66.17% 2,049 33.46% 23 0.38% 6,124
Van Zandt 4,839 71.33% 1,939 28.58% 6 0.09% 6,784
Victoria 11,246 72.56% 4,226 27.27% 26 0.17% 15,498
Walker 5,082 63.20% 2,940 36.56% 19 0.24% 8,041
Waller 2,263 58.95% 1,538 40.06% 38 0.99% 3,839
Ward 2,687 70.86% 1,049 27.66% 56 1.48% 3,792
Washington 3,862 74.30% 1,323 25.45% 13 0.25% 5,198
Webb 6,011 41.58% 8,435 58.34% 12 0.08% 14,458
Wharton 6,271 64.27% 3,481 35.68% 5 0.05% 9,757
Wheeler 1,766 77.87% 502 22.13% 0 0.00% 2,268
Wichita 25,197 68.69% 10,948 29.85% 537 1.46% 36,682
Wilbarger 3,183 70.44% 1,139 25.20% 197 4.36% 4,519
Willacy 2,317 62.12% 1,384 37.10% 29 0.78% 3,730
Williamson 6,998 64.40% 3,806 35.02% 63 0.58% 10,867
Wilson 2,953 58.68% 2,072 41.18% 7 0.14% 5,032
Winkler 2,467 79.71% 602 19.45% 26 0.84% 3,095
Wise 4,230 70.43% 1,741 28.99% 35 0.58% 6,006
Wood 4,746 71.28% 1,842 27.67% 70 1.05% 6,658
Yoakum 1,952 79.90% 457 18.71% 34 1.39% 2,443
Young 3,353 69.28% 1,486 30.70% 1 0.02% 4,840
Zapata 695 47.51% 768 52.49% 0 0.00% 1,463
Zavala 1,288 52.96% 1,122 46.13% 22 0.90% 2,432
Totals 2,298,896 66.20% 1,154,291 33.24% 19,527 0.56% 3,472,714

Role of the Clintons in the McGovern campaign

Bill Clinton and his then-girlfriend (and future wife) Hillary (both Yale Law School students at the time) moved to Austin to work on the Texas McGovern campaign. [7]

Bill had originally planned to begin working as a southern states coordinator for the McGovern campaign during the summer of 1971. However, he postponed those plans in order to spend that summer with Hillary, who had taken a summer job in California. [8] The following summer, Bill took a job working for the campaign in Texas. He asked Hillary if she would be interested in joining him there. In her memoir Living History, Hillary recalled,

Bill asked if I wanted to go too. I did, but only if I had a specific job. [7]

Hillary's workload of registering voters was large due to the 1972 presidential election being the first since the voting age was lowered from 21 to 18

Hillary was tasked with registering black and Hispanic voters in South Texas on behalf of the Democratic National Committee. With the 1972 election being the first in which 18 year-olds were able to vote, the task of voter registration was much greater than in other years. [7]

Hillary worked alongside Sara Ehrman, with whom she bonded. [7] [9] She also bonded with Betsey Wright while working on the campaign, with whom she frequently would travel to Barton Springs [7]

Bill, meanwhile, worked closely with Eddie Bernice Johnson. He also worked with Ron Kirk (future mayor of Dallas), Ann Richards (future governor of Texas). [10] [11] He additionally worked with Steven Spielberg who, at the time, was a little-known television producer. [12] He traveled frequently across the state to organize events and to hang posters in county courthouses. [7] He spent considerable time in Dallas, where he had an office in the campaign's local headquarters on Lemmon Avenue. [10]

The Clintons worked on the campaign alongside Garry Mauro (future Texas Land Commissioner). Mauro would subsequently head Bill's 1992 campaign in Texas. [7] They also worked alongside future Austin advertising executives Roy Spence and Judy Trabulsi, who would both go on to work on Bill Clinton's prrsidential campaigns. Spence would also work as a media adviser to Hillary in her 2008 presidential campaign, while Trablusi supported the candidacy of Barack Obama. Both worked in support of her 2016 presidential campaign. [7]

While working in Texas, the Clintons also networked with some donors that would later contribute to their own campaigns for political office, such as Bernard Rapoport. [7]

The Clintons, who were law students, were absent from attending their fall classes that term in order to work for the campaign. However, they both managed to ace their finals. [7]

While those working on the campaign expected him to lose in Texas, they worked in attempt to decrease his margin of defeat. [7]

References

  1. ^ a b "1972 Presidential General Election Results – Texas". Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  3. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; 1972 Presidential Election Statistics
  4. ^ Perry, James Moorhead; Us and Them: How the Press Covered the 1972 Election, p. 136 ISBN  0517505525
  5. ^ Grantham, Dewey W.; The Life and Death of the Solid South: A Political History, p. 179 ISBN  0813148723
  6. ^ Davis, Lanny; Scandal: How "Gotcha" Politics Is Destroying America, pp. 65-66 ISBN  1466892803
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Livingston, Abby (May 16, 2015). "Allies Remember a Driven Hillary Rodham During 1972 Texas Campaign". www.texastribune.org. Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  8. ^ Gerstein, Josh (November 26, 2007). "The Clintons' Berkeley Summer of Love". The New York Sun. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
  9. ^ Barnes, Bart (June 3, 2017). "Sara Ehrman, Hill staffer, Mideast peace activist and Hillary Clinton mentor, dies at 98". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
  10. ^ a b Medley, Jasmine. "William Jefferson Clinton Presidential Center and the Clinton School of Public Service". National Association of State Judicial Educators. National Association of State Judicial Educators. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  11. ^ Slater, Wayne (December 16, 2007). "Texas stumping in '72 helped shape Clinton's campaign" (December 16, 2007). Dallas Morning News. Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  12. ^ Felsenthal, Carol (May 7, 2008). "George McGovern and Bill Clinton: the State of the Friendship" (May 7, 2008). Huffington Post. Huffington Post. Retrieved November 22, 2016.

Notes

a Nixon‘s Hidalgo County win is the only time post- 1928 when a Republican has won any of the contiguous counties of Hidalgo, Starr, Brooks, Zapata, Jim Hogg, Duval, Webb or Maverick.