United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 2012 Article

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United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 2012

←  2008 November 6, 2012 2016 →
  President Barack Obama, 2012 portrait crop.jpg Mitt Romney by Gage Skidmore 8.jpg
Nominee Barack Obama Mitt Romney
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Illinois Massachusetts
Running mate Joe Biden Paul Ryan
Electoral vote 20 0
Popular vote 2,990,274 2,680,434
Percentage 51.97% 46.59%

Pennsylvania presidential election results 2012.svg
County Results

President before election

Barack Obama
Democratic

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

The 2012 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 general election in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia participated. Pennsylvania voters chose 20 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. This is a reduction from its 2008 delegation, which had 21 electors; the change was due to reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census. [1] Pennsylvania's 20 electoral votes are allotted on a winner-take-all basis. [2]

Democratic incumbent President Barack Obama received 52.0% of the vote, versus 46.6% for Republican challenger Mitt Romney. [3] Also on the ballot were Jill Stein (of the Green Party) and Gary Johnson (of the Libertarian Party), who received 0.4% and 0.9%, respectively. [3] Other candidates could run as write-in candidates. The state had been considered likely, but not certain, to go to Obama. [4]

The primary election to select the Democratic and Republican candidates had been held previously, on April 24, 2012. [5] This was the sixth presidential election in a row where the Democratic candidate won Pennsylvania's electoral votes; the state would vote Republican in the following presidential election.

Democratic primary

Incumbent Barack Obama ran unopposed on the Democratic primary ballot. [5] He received 616,102 votes. [5] There were 19,082 write-in votes. [6] [7] In the floor vote taken at the Democratic National Convention, 242 Pennsylvania delegates voted for Obama. [7] The other 8 of the state's 250 allocated votes were not announced. [7]

Republican primary

Four candidates were on the Republican primary ballot: Mitt Romney, Rick Santorum, Ron Paul, and Newt Gingrich. [5] The primary was to be the make-or-break moment for Santorum. [8] Santorum had just lost three primaries to Romney, and Romney appeared poised to become the presumptive nominee by achieving a prohibitive lead. [8]

As momentum in the Republican race built for Romney, Santorum suspended his campaign for four days to meet with 'movement conservatives' to strategize. [9] Former Family Research Council chief Gary Bauer, who was present at the sit-down with Santorum, called it a 'strategy meeting to discuss how Senator Santorum prevails.' [10] But rather than returning to campaigning the next Monday, Rick and Karen Santorum canceled campaign events scheduled right after Easter weekend to be in the hospital with their youngest daughter. [11]

In deference to the sick child, Romney ceased airing attack ads, replacing them with positive introductory ones.

On April 10, Santorum formally suspended his campaign. On May 7, he endorsed Romney. [12] Santorum and Gingrich both released their delegates to Romney in August, shortly before the Republican National Convention. [13]

Candidate Votes [5] Percentage Projected delegates [14] Actual delegate vote [15]
Mitt Romney 468,374 57.8% 31 67
Rick Santorum 149,056 18.4% 4 0
Ron Paul 106,148 13.1% 5 5
Newt Gingrich 84,537 10.4% 3 0
Write-in votes [6] 2,819 0.3%
Unprojected delegates 29
Total: 810,934 100% 72 72

General election

In statewide opinion polling, incumbent Barack Obama consistently led challenger Mitt Romney by a margin of between 2 and 12 percentage points. [16] Analysts rated Pennsylvania as a "likely Democratic" or "Democratic-leaning" state in the presidential race. [4] On the morning of the election, polling aggregator FiveThirtyEight estimated that there was a 99% likelihood that Obama would win Pennsylvania's electoral votes. [17] At the time, Pennsylvania's electoral votes had gone to the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since 1992. [2]

During the summer, there was significant spending on political advertisements in Pennsylvania, by both the Obama campaign and pro-Romney groups such as Crossroads GPS and Americans for Prosperity. [18] However, because Obama maintained a consistent lead in polling, Pennsylvania came to be considered a "safe state" for Obama, and campaign advertising subsided substantially in August. [18] This changed in October, when pro-Romney groups Restore Our Future and Americans for Job Security spent $3 million on advertising in Pennsylvania. [18] Later that month, the Obama campaign and the Romney campaign both launched their own advertising campaigns in Pennsylvania. [18] On November 1, the Republican National Committee announced that it would spend $3 million on television ads in Pennsylvania in the final days of the campaign. [19] In total, pro-Romney spending in Pennsylvania is estimated to amount to as much as $12 million, much more than Obama campaign spending. [19] The Obama campaign characterized the pro-Romney spending surge as "an act of sheer desperation", while the Romney campaign argued that they had a realistic chance of winning the state. [19]

U.S. presidential election in Pennsylvania, 2012 [3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Barack Obama 2,990,274 51.97
Republican Mitt Romney 2,680,434 46.59
Libertarian Gary Johnson 49,991 0.87
Green Jill Stein 21,341 0.37
Other Other 11,506 0.20%
Total votes 5,753,546 100.0

By county

County Obama% Obama# Romney% Romney# Others% Others# Total
Adams County 35.54% 15,091 63.04% 26,767 1.41% 599 42,457
Allegheny County 56.69% 352,687 42.12% 262,039 1.18% 7,355 622,081
Armstrong County 30.56% 9,045 68.04% 20,142 1.40% 415 29,602
Beaver County 46.05% 37,055 52.62% 42,344 1.34% 1,075 80,474
Bedford County 22.07% 4,788 76.98% 16,702 .95% 207 21,697
Berks County 48.74% 83,011 49.73% 84,702 1.53% 2,607 170,320
Blair County 32.40% 16,276 66.32% 33,319 1.29% 646 50,241
Bradford County 36.81% 8,624 61.51% 14,410 1.67% 392 23,426
Bucks County 50.00% 160,521 48.78% 156,579 1.22% 3,916 321,016
Butler County 31.92% 28,550 66.81% 59,761 1.27% 1,134 89,445
Cambria County 40.06% 24,249 58.10% 35,163 1.84% 1,114 60,526
Cameron County 34.30% 724 64.38% 1,359 1.33% 28 2,111
Carbon County 45.27% 11,580 52.79% 13,504 1.94% 497 25,581
Centre County 49.57% 33,677 49.60% 33,697 2.08% 1,449 69,192
Chester County 49.34% 124,311 49.54% 124,840 1.12% 2,822 251,973
Clarion County 31.24% 5,056 66.90% 10,828 1.87% 302 16,186
Clearfield County 34.79% 11,121 63.65% 20,347 1.56% 499 31,967
Clinton County 43.23% 5,734 55.05% 7,303 1.72% 228 13,265
Columbia County 42.68% 10,937 55.56% 14,236 1.76% 450 25,623
Crawford County 39.23% 13,883 59.06% 20,901 1.71% 604 35,388
Cumberland County 40.04% 44,367 58.48% 64,809 1.48% 1,638 110,814
Dauphin County 52.39% 64,965 46.33% 57,450 1.28% 1,593 124,008
Delaware County 60.16% 171,792 38.82% 110,853 1.02% 2,919 285,564
Elk County 41.27% 5,463 57.25% 7,579 1.48% 196 13,238
Erie County 57.36% 68,036 41.33% 49,025 1.31% 1,558 118,619
Fayette County 45.30% 21,971 53.64% 26,018 1.06% 516 48,505
Forest County 38.75% 896 59.82% 1,383 1.43% 33 2,312
Franklin County 30.11% 18,995 68.58% 43,260 1.30% 823 63,078
Fulton County 21.15% 1,310 77.71% 4,814 1.15% 71 6,195
Greene County 40.46% 5,852 58.27% 8,428 1.27% 184 14,464
Huntingdon County 30.67% 5,409 67.91% 11,979 1.42% 251 17,639
Indiana County 39.85% 14,473 58.53% 21,257 1.63% 591 36,321
Jefferson County 26.45% 4,787 72.10% 13,048 1.45% 262 18,097
Juniata County 26.71% 2,547 71.97% 6,862 1.32% 126 9,535
Lackawanna County 63.09% 61,838 35.80% 35,085 1.11% 1,092 98,015
Lancaster County 39.78% 88,481 58.74% 130,669 1.48% 3,286 222,436
Lawrence County 44.86% 17,513 53.92% 21,047 1.22% 476 39,036
Lebanon County 35.17% 19,900 63.40% 35,872 1.43% 808 56,580
Lehigh County 53.25% 78,283 45.49% 66,874 1.26% 1,845 147,002
Luzerne County 51.68% 64,307 46.87% 58,325 1.45% 1,807 124,439
Lycoming County 32.70% 15,203 65.94% 30,658 1.36% 632 46,493
McKean County 35.06% 5,297 63.18% 9,545 1.76% 266 15,108
Mercer County 47.64% 24,232 50.97% 25,925 1.39% 706 50,863
Mifflin County 26.10% 4,273 72.93% 11,939 .97% 159 16,371
Monroe County 55.98% 35,221 42.70% 26,867 1.32% 829 62,917
Montgomery County 56.61% 233,356 42.30% 174,381 1.08% 4,463 412,200
Montour County 38.99% 3,053 59.40% 4,652 1.61% 126 7,831
Northampton County 51.71% 67,606 47.00% 61,446 1.29% 1,683 130,735
Northumberland County 39.36% 13,072 58.77% 19,518 1.87% 622 33,212
Perry County 29.72% 5,685 68.59% 13,120 1.69% 323 19,128
Philadelphia County 85.29% 588,806 13.97% 96,467 .73% 5,054 690,327
Pike County 43.86% 10,210 54.93% 12,786 1.22% 283 23,279
Potter County 26.19% 1,897 72.23% 5,231 1.57% 114 7,242
Schuylkill County 42.52% 24,546 55.91% 32,278 1.56% 903 57,727
Snyder County 31.24% 4,687 67.14% 10,073 1.61% 242 15,002
Somerset County 27.80% 9,436 70.66% 23,984 1.54% 522 33,942
Sullivan County 35.06% 1,034 63.34% 1,868 1.59% 47 2,949
Susquehanna County 38.43% 6,935 59.85% 10,800 1.71% 309 18,044
Tioga County 31.50% 5,357 66.70% 11,342 1.79% 305 17,004
Union County 37.55% 6,109 60.83% 9,896 1.62% 263 16,268
Venango County 35.84% 7,945 62.32% 13,815 1.84% 407 22,167
Warren County 40.44% 6,995 57.86% 10,010 1.70% 294 17,299
Washington County 42.58% 40,345 56.18% 53,230 1.24% 1,175 94,750
Wayne County 38.86% 8,396 59.68% 12,896 1.46% 315 21,607
Westmoreland County 37.58% 63,722 61.29% 103,932 1.13% 1,918 169,572
Wyoming County 42.63% 5,061 55.48% 6,587 1.89% 224 11,872
York County 38.68% 73,191 59.88% 113,304 1.44% 2,734 189,229

Electoral College Delegation

In accordance with Commonwealth law and Chapter 1, Section 7 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672 as amended,) the 20 Pennsylvania electors pledged for Obama and Biden cast their votes on 17 December in the State House of Representatives chamber. The Pennsylvania Democratic Committee seated the following electors for this procedure: [20]

See also

References

  1. ^ O'Neill, Brian (October 16, 2011). "Don't let Pa. flunk out of the Electoral College". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. A-2.
  2. ^ a b McNulty, Timothy (September 8, 2012). "Romney campaign not expected to invest much in Pa". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. A-1.
  3. ^ a b c "2012 General Primary". Pennsylvania Department of State. 2012. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  4. ^ a b Electoral-vote.com labeled Pennsylvania "likely Democratic". Tanenbaum, Andrew S. "Electoral-vote.com". Retrieved October 17, 2012.
    The Washington Post labeled Pennsylvania "lean Democratic". "2012 Election Map: The race for the presidency". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
    CNN labeled Pennsylvania "leaning Obama". Dengo, Sophia; Perry, Bryan; Hayes, John; John, Joel; Slaton, A.D. "CNN Electoral Map". CNN Politics. CNN. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
    The Cook Political Report labeled Pennsylvania "lean Democratic". "Presidential: Maps". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e "2012 General Primary". Pennsylvania Department of State. 2012. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  6. ^ a b "2012 General Primary Write-in Totals" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of State. 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c "2012 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions: Pennsylvania Democrat". The Green Papers. 2012. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Fitzgerald, Thomas; Worden, Amy (April 6, 2012). "Santorum meets with conservatives as Romney, in Pa., looks to the fall". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A1.
  9. ^ "Santorum Taking Four-Day Break from Campaign Trail". Fox Television Stations, Inc. 4 April 2012.
  10. ^ "SANTORUM MEETS WITH 'MOVEMENT CONSERVATIVES' TO GO BIG, BEFORE GOING HOME". The Blaze, LLC. 5 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Santorum Cancels Monday Events to Be With Ill Child". The Wall Street Journal. 7 April 2012.
  12. ^ Walshe, Shushannah (May 7, 2012). "Rick Santorum Formally Endorses Mitt Romney". The Note. ABC News. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  13. ^ Camia, Catalina (August 24, 2012). "Santorum releases GOP convention delegates". USA Today. Retrieved October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ "Primaries & Caucuses: Results: Pennsylvania". CNN Politics. CNN. July 30, 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  15. ^ When Pennsylvania delegation chair Tom Corbett announced the Pennsylvania delegates' votes on the convention floor, he said that sixty-seven delegates had voted for Romney and five had voted for Paul Ryan. However, since Ryan was not a candidate (rather, he was Romney's running mate), it is generally assumed that Corbett misspoke—that the five votes were actually for Ron Paul.
  16. ^ "Pennsylvania: Romney vs. Obama". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  17. ^ Silver, Nate. "FiveThirtyEight". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  18. ^ a b c d Levy, Marc (October 30, 2012). "Romney, Obama campaigns resume Pa. ad campaigns". Philly.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  19. ^ a b c Levy, Marc (November 1, 2012). "Romney, RNC splashing down in Pa. in 11th-hour bid". Deseret News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  20. ^ "Electoral College". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved 14 June 2013.

External links