United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1956 Article

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United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1956

←  1952 November 6, 1956 1960 →
  Eisenhower official.jpg AdlaiEStevenson1900-1965.jpg
Nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower Adlai Stevenson
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Pennsylvania [1] [2] Illinois
Running mate Richard Nixon Estes Kefauver
Electoral vote 4 0
Popular vote 176,519 90,364
Percentage 66.1% 33.8%

New Hampshire Election Results by County, 1956.svg
County Results
  Eisenhower—50-60%
  Eisenhower—60-70%
  Eisenhower—70-80%
  Eisenhower—80-90%

President before election

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

Elected President

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican

The 1956 United States presidential election in New Hampshire took place on November 6, 1956, as part of the 1956 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose 4 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

New Hampshire was won by the Republican nominees, incumbent President Dwight D. Eisenhower of Pennsylvania and his running mate incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon of California. Eisenhower and Nixon defeated the Democratic nominees, former Governor Adlai Stevenson of Illinois and his running mate Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee.

Eisenhower took 66.11% of the vote to Stevenson's 33.84%, a margin of 32.27%.

Eisenhower, a war hero and moderate Republican who had pledged to maintain popular New Deal Democratic policies, had wide appeal beyond the boundaries of the traditional Republican coalition. New Hampshire had been narrowly carried by Democrat Franklin Roosevelt 3 out of 4 times, although the state narrowly reverted to the GOP in 1948. However Eisenhower's unique personal appeal brought the state decisively back into the Republican column in both 1952 and 1956,

Eisenhower in 1956 swept every county in New Hampshire, the first Republican to do so since Calvin Coolidge in 1924.

Since Franklin Roosevelt won them in 1932, the counties of Hillsborough County, Strafford County, and Coos County had become reliable New Deal Democratic base counties, voting for Roosevelt all four times as well as for Harry S. Truman. Eisenhower had won back Strafford County and Coos County for the GOP in 1952, however he had lost Hillsborough County, home to Manchester and Nashua, which had been a reliable Democratic bastion since voting for Democrat Al Smith in 1928. However, in 1956, Eisenhower won a majority even in Hillsborough County.

Carroll County had long been the most Republican county in New Hampshire, voting 60% against FDR all four times and over 70% for Thomas E. Dewey in 1948. Eisenhower would receive over 80% of vote in the county in both 1952 and 1956.

As Eisenhower won a decisive re-election victory nationally, New Hampshire's results would make the state almost 17% more Republican than the national average, the third most Republican state in the nation behind its Upper New England neighbors Vermont and Maine [3], a substantial jump from being only the 12th most Republican state in 1952. The popular incumbent had governed in a very moderate way that appealed to New England voters, and was able to gain dramatically among voters in states like New Hampshire compared to 1952.

Results

United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1956 [4]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower ( inc.) 176,519 66.11% 4
Democratic Adlai Stevenson 90,364 33.84% 0
No Party Listed ( Dixiecrat) T. Coleman Andrews 111 0.04% 0
Totals 266,994 100.00% 4

Results by county

County Eisenhower# Eisenhower% Stevenson# Stevenson% Andrews# Andrews% Total votes cast [5]
Belknap 9,902 75.95% 3,131 24.01% 5 0.04% 13,038
Carroll 7,527 85.38% 1,281 14.53% 8 0.09% 8,816
Cheshire 12,585 69.26% 5,574 30.68% 11 0.06% 18,170
Coös 11,465 66.13% 5,871 33.86% 2 0.01% 17,338
Grafton 15,609 74.04% 5,466 25.93% 6 0.03% 21,081
Hillsborough 45,248 55.50% 36,234 44.44% 46 0.06% 81,528
Merrimack 22,060 71.68% 8,711 28.31% 3 0.01% 30,774
Rockingham 28,226 73.42% 10,198 26.53% 18 0.05% 38,442
Strafford 15,494 61.58% 9,659 38.39% 7 0.03% 25,160
Sullivan 8,403 66.44% 4,239 33.52% 5 0.04% 12,647
Totals 176,519 66.11% 90,364 33.84% 111 0.04% 266,994

References

  1. ^ Although he was born in Texas and grew up in Kansas before his military career, at the time of the 1952 election Eisenhower was president of Columbia University and was, officially, a resident of New York. During his first term as president, he moved his private residence to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and officially changed his residency to Pennsylvania.
  2. ^ "The Presidents". David Leip. Retrieved September 27, 2017. Eisenhower's home state for the 1956 Election was Pennsylvania
  3. ^ "1956 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  4. ^ "1956 Presidential General Election Results - New Hampshire". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
  5. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; p. 295 ISBN  0405077114

See also