United States presidential election in Alabama, 1984 Article

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United States presidential election in Alabama, 1984

←  1980 November 6, 1984 1988 →
  President Reagan 1985 closeup.jpg Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H.W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 9 0
Popular vote 872,849 551,899
Percentage 60.54% 38.28%

AL1984.jpg
County Results
  Mondale—80-90%
  Mondale—70-80%
  Mondale—60-70%
  Mondale—50-60%
  Reagan—<50%
  Reagan—50-60%
  Reagan—60-70%
  Reagan—70-80%

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

The 1984 United States presidential election in Alabama took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Alabama voters chose 9 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Alabama was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

Partisan background

The presidential election of 1984 was a very partisan election for Alabama, with just under 99% of the electorate voting only either Democratic or Republican. [1] The majority of counties in Alabama voted for Reagan, in a particularly strong turn out in this typically conservative leaning state. Typical for the time, the almost entirely African-American counties of the Black Belt turned out overwhelmingly for Mondale: in Macon County Mondale received 82.71 percent of the vote, which was the highest percentage he received in any county nationwide outside the District of Columbia. [2] Several counties nearby, but not inclusive of, the major population centers of Montgomery and Birmingham, also voted Democratic, illustrating an urban spill-over effect.

Republican victory

Reagan won the election in Alabama with a resounding 24 point sweep-out landslide. While Alabama typically voted conservative at the time, the election results in Alabama are also reflective of a nationwide reconsolidation of base for the Republican Party which took place through the 1980s; called by Reagan the "second American Revolution." [3] This was most evident during the 1984 presidential election. Also, Alabama continued its trend of voting for the same presidential candidate as its sister Dixie State Mississippi this election cycle - a trend which has remained unbroken since 1872.

Mondale carried the reliably Democratic Black Belt plus Colbert, Lawrence and Jackson counties in northern Alabama, which has continued to be more receptive to Democrats, even as the rest of the state, especially the Gulf Coast and the suburbs around Birmingham have trended strongly Republican.

It is speculated that Mondale lost support with voters nearly immediately during the campaign, namely during his acceptance speech at the 1984 Democratic National Convention. There he stated that he intended to increase taxes. To quote Mondale, "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did." [4] Despite this claimed attempt at establishing truthfulness with the electorate, this promise to raise taxes badly eroded his chances in what had already begun as an uphill battle against the charismatic Ronald Reagan.

Reagan also enjoyed high levels of bipartisan support during the 1984 presidential election, both in Alabama, and across the nation at large. Many registered Democrats who voted for Reagan ( Reagan Democrats) stated that they had chosen to do so because they associated him with the economic recovery, because of his strong stance on national security issues with Russia, and because they considered the Democrats as "supporting American poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class." [5] These public opinion factors contributed to Reagan’s 1984 landslide victory, in Alabama and elsewhere.

Results

United States presidential election in Alabama, 1984
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican Ronald Reagan 872,849 60.54% 9
Democratic Walter Mondale 551,899 38.28% 0
Libertarian David Bergland 9,504 0.66% 0
Communist Party Gus Hall 4,671 0.32% 0
America First Bob Richards 1,401 0.10% 0
Socialist Workers Party Melvin Mason 730 0.05% 0
New Alliance Party Dennis Serrette 659 0.05% 0
Totals 1,441,713 100.0% 9

Results by county

Ronald Wilson Reagan
Republican
Walter Fritz Mondale
Democratic
Various candidates
Other parties
Margin Total votes cast
County # % # % # % # % #
Autauga 8,350 70.07% 3,366 28.25% 201 1.69% 4,984 41.82% 11,917
Baldwin 24,964 75.55% 7,272 22.01% 809 2.45% 17,692 53.54% 33,045
Barbour 5,459 53.73% 4,591 45.18% 111 1.09% 868 8.54% 10,161
Bibb 3,487 61.32% 2,167 38.10% 33 0.58% 1,320 23.21% 5,687
Blount 8,508 68.16% 3,738 29.95% 236 1.89% 4,770 38.22% 12,482
Bullock 1,697 32.02% 3,537 66.75% 65 1.23% -1,840 -34.72% 5,299
Butler 4,941 56.73% 3,641 41.81% 127 1.46% 1,300 14.93% 8,709
Calhoun 23,291 61.16% 12,752 33.49% 2,039 5.35% 10,539 27.67% 38,082
Chambers 8,024 59.60% 5,302 39.38% 137 1.02% 2,722 20.22% 13,463
Cherokee 3,225 51.04% 3,029 47.93% 65 1.03% 196 3.10% 6,319
Chilton 8,243 70.53% 2,934 25.10% 511 4.37% 5,309 45.42% 11,688
Choctaw 3,960 53.88% 3,373 45.90% 16 0.22% 587 7.99% 7,349
Clarke 6,282 58.11% 4,452 41.18% 77 0.71% 1,830 16.93% 10,811
Clay 3,432 68.19% 1,456 28.93% 145 2.88% 1,976 39.26% 5,033
Cleburne 3,259 70.50% 1,238 26.78% 126 2.73% 2,021 43.72% 4,623
Coffee 10,558 69.84% 4,370 28.91% 190 1.26% 6,188 40.93% 15,118
Colbert 9,530 45.31% 11,008 52.34% 494 2.35% -1,478 -7.03% 21,032
Conecuh 3,538 55.86% 2,735 43.18% 61 0.96% 803 12.68% 6,334
Coosa 2,585 58.95% 1,781 40.62% 19 0.43% 804 18.34% 4,385
Covington 9,944 71.63% 3,812 27.46% 127 0.91% 6,132 44.17% 13,883
Crenshaw 3,261 61.86% 1,904 36.12% 107 2.03% 1,357 25.74% 5,272
Cullman 14,782 63.92% 7,989 34.55% 355 1.54% 6,793 29.37% 23,126
Dale 10,319 75.37% 3,215 23.48% 158 1.15% 7,104 51.88% 13,692
Dallas 9,585 46.26% 10,955 52.88% 178 0.86% -1,370 -6.61% 20,718
DeKalb 12,098 62.53% 7,212 37.27% 39 0.20% 4,886 25.25% 19,349
Elmore 11,694 72.74% 4,198 26.11% 185 1.15% 7,496 46.63% 16,077
Escambia 8,694 68.33% 3,853 30.28% 177 1.39% 4,841 38.05% 12,724
Etowah 19,243 49.62% 19,074 49.18% 464 1.20% 169 0.44% 38,781
Fayette 4,654 64.63% 2,533 35.18% 14 0.19% 2,121 29.45% 7,201
Franklin 5,304 52.90% 4,601 45.89% 122 1.22% 703 7.01% 10,027
Geneva 6,308 70.00% 2,330 25.86% 373 4.14% 3,978 44.15% 9,011
Greene 1,361 26.13% 3,675 70.55% 173 3.32% -2,314 -44.42% 5,209
Hale 2,691 44.44% 3,289 54.31% 76 1.25% -598 -9.87% 6,056
Henry 3,952 63.34% 2,231 35.76% 56 0.90% 1,721 27.58% 6,239
Houston 20,854 75.82% 6,488 23.59% 163 0.59% 14,366 52.23% 27,505
Jackson 6,730 46.15% 7,635 52.36% 217 1.49% -905 -6.21% 14,582
Jefferson 158,362 59.41% 107,506 40.33% 679 0.25% 50,856 19.08% 266,547
Lamar 3,943 67.21% 1,910 32.55% 14 0.24% 2,033 34.65% 5,867
Lauderdale 15,354 53.57% 12,907 45.04% 398 1.39% 2,447 8.54% 28,659
Lawrence 4,466 47.04% 4,866 51.25% 162 1.71% -400 -4.21% 9,494
Lee 16,757 64.05% 9,077 34.70% 327 1.25% 7,680 29.36% 26,161
Limestone 8,423 60.12% 5,410 38.62% 177 1.26% 3,013 21.51% 14,010
Lowndes 1,629 31.02% 3,567 67.92% 56 1.07% -1,938 -36.90% 5,252
Macon 1,543 16.24% 7,857 82.71% 99 1.04% -6,314 -66.47% 9,499
Madison 50,428 64.54% 26,881 34.40% 825 1.06% 23,547 30.14% 78,134
Marengo 5,261 51.51% 4,811 47.11% 141 1.38% 450 4.41% 10,213
Marion 6,771 63.20% 3,918 36.57% 24 0.22% 2,853 26.63% 10,713
Marshall 12,330 60.47% 7,704 37.78% 357 1.75% 4,626 22.69% 20,391
Mobile 81,923 62.56% 47,252 36.08% 1,784 1.36% 34,671 26.47% 130,959
Monroe 5,917 60.65% 3,725 38.18% 114 1.17% 2,192 22.47% 9,756
Montgomery 43,328 57.77% 31,206 41.61% 471 0.63% 12,122 16.16% 75,005
Morgan 24,301 67.99% 11,324 31.68% 116 0.32% 12,977 36.31% 35,741
Perry 2,600 48.08% 2,731 50.50% 77 1.42% -131 -2.42% 5,408
Pickens 4,685 56.47% 3,586 43.23% 25 0.30% 1,099 13.25% 8,296
Pike 6,231 62.60% 3,541 35.58% 181 1.82% 2,690 27.03% 9,953
Randolph 4,940 65.74% 2,439 32.46% 136 1.81% 2,501 33.28% 7,515
Russell 6,654 46.04% 7,610 52.66% 188 1.30% -956 -6.62% 14,452
St. Clair 10,408 71.02% 4,000 27.30% 246 1.68% 6,408 43.73% 14,654
Shelby 21,858 77.88% 5,884 20.96% 326 1.16% 15,974 56.91% 28,068
Sumter 2,493 35.65% 4,478 64.04% 22 0.31% -1,985 -28.39% 6,993
Talladega 14,067 61.11% 8,490 36.88% 463 2.01% 5,577 24.23% 23,020
Tallapoosa 9,045 66.19% 4,458 32.62% 163 1.19% 4,587 33.57% 13,666
Tuscaloosa 28,075 62.75% 16,066 35.91% 598 1.34% 12,009 26.84% 44,739
Walker 12,852 54.11% 10,591 44.59% 310 1.31% 2,261 9.52% 23,753
Washington 4,434 58.78% 3,081 40.85% 28 0.37% 1,353 17.94% 7,543
Wilcox 2,337 38.81% 3,663 60.83% 22 0.37% -1,326 -22.02% 6,022
Winston 6,845 72.22% 2,624 27.69% 9 0.09% 4,221 44.53% 9,478
Totals 873,067 60.59% 550,899 38.23% 16,984 1.18% 322,168 22.36% 1,440,950

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  2. ^ Dave Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; 1984 Presidential Election Statistics
  3. ^ Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  4. ^ Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics
  5. ^ Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN  0-87840-724-3.