United States presidential election in Alabama, 1968 Article

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United States presidential election in Alabama, 1968

←  1964 November 5, 1968 1972 →

All 10 Alabama electoral votes to the Electoral College
  George C Wallace.jpg HubertHumphrey.png Richard Nixon, official bw photo, head and shoulders.jpg
Nominee George Wallace Hubert Humphrey Richard Nixon
Party American Independent Democratic Republican
Home state Alabama Minnesota New York [a]
Running mate Curtis LeMay Edmund Muskie Spiro Agnew
Electoral vote 10 0 0
Popular vote 691,425 196,597 146,923
Percentage 65.9% 18.7% 14.0%

Alabama 1968 Presidential Election Results By County.svg
County results

President before election

Lyndon B. Johnson
Democratic

Elected President

Richard Nixon
Republican

The United States presidential election in Alabama, 1968 was held on November 5, 1968.

Southern segregationist candidate George Wallace, the former Governor of Alabama running as a third party candidate with his American Independent Party, won his home state in a high margin. Wallace received the official Democratic Party ballot line in Alabama, while national Democratic Party nominee Hubert H. Humphrey was forced to run on a fusion ticket of "Alabama Independent Democrat" and the National Democratic party ballot line. [1]

Wallace won 65.86% to Democrat Hubert Humphrey's 18.72 percent, a 47.13 percent margin. Republican Richard Nixon, while narrowly winning the election nationally, finished a distant third in Alabama with only 13.99 percent. Wallace's 65.88% of the popular vote would make Alabama not only his best performing state in the 1968 election, but the strongest performing state out of any candidate, with only Washington DC being stronger. [2]

Wallace won 64 of the state's 67 counties. As African-Americans in the South were slowly gaining the right to vote as a result of federal civil rights legislation passed in 1964 and 1965, Wallace's weakest region was Alabama"s Black Belt, where he won most counties with narrow majorities or pluralities. He lost three counties in this region, Sumter County, Greene County, and Macon County, all with large black populations, to pro-civil rights candidate Hubert Humphrey. In black-majority Macon County, pro-civil rights Democrat Hubert Humphrey won a commanding landslide, taking 69.7% of the vote to Wallace's 25.4%, reflecting the deep divide between the state's white and black voter populations. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Mobile County, Shelby County, Baldwin County, Lee County, and Houston County were not carried by the Republican candidate and the last election in which Wilcox County, Lowndes County, and Bullock County were not carried by the Democratic candidate.

Results

General Election Results [3]
Party Nominee Popular Vote Percentage Electoral Vote
Democratic ( American Independent) George Wallace 691,425 65.86% 10
National Democratic ( Democratic) Hubert Humphrey 196,597 18.72% 0
Republican Richard Nixon 146,923 13.99% 0
N/A All Others 14,990 1.42% 0

Results by county

County Wallace# Wallace% Nixon# Nixon% Humphrey# Humphrey% Others# Others% Total votes cast
Autauga 5,523 71.03% 606 7.79% 1,553 19.97% 94 1.21% 7,776
Baldwin 14,167 76.98% 2,154 11.70% 1,821 9.89% 262 1.42% 18,404
Barbour 5,491 69.10% 386 4.86% 1,898 23.89% 171 2.15% 7,946
Bibb 3,746 80.16% 263 5.63% 652 13.95% 12 0.26% 4,673
Blount 6,536 71.93% 2,013 22.15% 331 3.64% 206 2.27% 9,086
Bullock 2,161 49.71% 190 4.37% 1,964 45.18% 32 0.74% 4,347
Butler 5,601 76.09% 500 6.79% 1,240 16.85% 20 0.27% 7,361
Calhoun 19,211 71.75% 3,061 11.43% 4,146 15.48% 357 1.33% 26,775
Chambers 7,885 74.14% 1,082 10.17% 1,358 12.77% 311 2.92% 10,636
Cherokee 4,773 83.96% 343 6.03% 462 8.13% 107 1.88% 5,685
Chilton 6,611 74.26% 1,602 18.00% 566 6.36% 123 1.38% 8,902
Choctaw 4,250 69.75% 176 2.89% 1,641 26.93% 26 0.43% 6,093
Clarke 6,168 71.50% 488 5.66% 1,717 19.90% 253 2.93% 8,626
Clay 4,048 80.25% 706 14.00% 256 5.08% 34 0.67% 5,044
Cleburne 3,314 82.95% 485 12.14% 160 4.01% 36 0.90% 3,995
Coffee 8,885 82.53% 682 6.33% 1,071 9.95% 128 1.19% 10,766
Colbert 11,341 72.60% 1,727 11.06% 2,291 14.67% 262 1.68% 15,621
Conecuh 3,828 71.60% 186 3.48% 1,151 21.53% 181 3.39% 5,346
Coosa 2,830 74.26% 330 8.66% 623 16.35% 28 0.73% 3,811
Covington 11,419 86.98% 831 6.33% 791 6.03% 87 0.66% 13,128
Crenshaw 4,513 82.35% 209 3.81% 726 13.25% 32 0.58% 5,480
Cullman 11,063 64.08% 4,964 28.75% 1,115 6.46% 123 0.71% 17,265
Dale 8,109 83.55% 607 6.25% 862 8.88% 127 1.31% 9,705
Dallas 8,798 52.89% 1,246 7.49% 6,516 39.17% 76 0.46% 16,636
DeKalb 8,144 54.81% 5,314 35.76% 1,274 8.57% 127 0.85% 14,859
Elmore 9,038 76.52% 801 6.78% 1,745 14.77% 228 1.93% 11,812
Escambia 8,474 78.72% 680 6.32% 1,492 13.86% 119 1.11% 10,765
Etowah 21,416 68.67% 4,351 13.95% 4,613 14.79% 806 2.58% 31,186
Fayette 4,683 75.07% 827 13.26% 676 10.84% 52 0.83% 6,238
Franklin 5,909 64.96% 2,524 27.75% 588 6.46% 75 0.82% 9,096
Geneva 7,871 91.73% 284 3.31% 380 4.43% 46 0.54% 8,581
Greene 1,555 39.18% 180 4.54% 2,229 56.16% 5 0.13% 3,969
Hale 2,934 55.78% 266 5.06% 2,003 38.08% 57 1.08% 5,260
Henry 4,233 79.99% 84 1.59% 955 18.05% 20 0.38% 5,292
Houston 13,872 83.89% 974 5.89% 1,488 9.00% 202 1.22% 16,536
Jackson 8,504 77.96% 1,191 10.92% 1,022 9.37% 191 1.75% 10,908
Jefferson 106,233 51.81% 39,752 19.39% 55,845 27.24% 3,203 1.56% 205,033
Lamar 5,229 88.25% 364 6.14% 302 5.10% 30 0.51% 5,925
Lauderdale 13,467 71.32% 2,952 15.63% 2,166 11.47% 298 1.58% 18,883
Lawrence 6,253 83.05% 580 7.70% 650 8.63% 46 0.61% 7,529
Lee 7,721 58.78% 2,366 18.01% 2,803 21.34% 246 1.87% 13,136
Limestone 8,430 81.25% 870 8.39% 889 8.57% 186 1.79% 10,375
Lowndes 1,822 55.84% 234 7.17% 1,127 34.54% 80 2.45% 3,263
Macon 1,619 25.37% 257 4.03% 4,450 69.74% 55 0.86% 6,381
Madison 29,823 57.40% 13,213 25.43% 8,004 15.41% 913 1.76% 51,953
Marengo 5,185 56.64% 457 4.99% 3,479 38.01% 33 0.36% 9,154
Marion 6,415 76.34% 1,492 17.76% 365 4.34% 131 1.56% 8,403
Marshall 12,742 76.39% 2,725 16.34% 955 5.73% 258 1.55% 16,680
Mobile 61,673 67.08% 10,509 11.43% 18,615 20.25% 1,139 1.24% 91,936
Monroe 5,217 71.23% 375 5.12% 1,673 22.84% 59 0.81% 7,324
Montgomery 27,202 58.47% 6,746 14.50% 12,088 25.98% 489 1.05% 46,525
Morgan 16,841 75.60% 3,043 13.66% 1,878 8.43% 515 2.31% 22,277
Perry 2,768 49.85% 308 5.55% 2,457 44.25% 20 0.36% 5,553
Pickens 4,549 71.89% 321 5.07% 1,434 22.66% 24 0.38% 6,328
Pike 6,038 72.39% 658 7.89% 1,565 18.76% 80 0.96% 8,341
Randolph 5,103 75.00% 839 12.33% 666 9.79% 196 2.88% 6,804
Russell 7,584 67.44% 704 6.26% 2,707 24.07% 250 2.22% 11,245
St. Clair 7,050 72.70% 1,635 16.86% 869 8.96% 143 1.47% 9,697
Shelby 7,736 71.83% 1,706 15.84% 1,105 10.26% 223 2.07% 10,770
Sumter 2,158 44.89% 303 6.30% 2,336 48.60% 10 0.21% 4,807
Talladega 13,505 72.00% 1,935 10.32% 3,099 16.52% 217 1.16% 18,756
Tallapoosa 9,043 76.50% 1,205 10.19% 1,331 11.26% 242 2.05% 11,821
Tuscaloosa 18,611 65.60% 3,822 13.47% 5,556 19.58% 382 1.35% 28,371
Walker 14,416 74.37% 2,628 13.56% 1,971 10.17% 370 1.91% 19,385
Washington 4,545 79.98% 200 3.52% 902 15.87% 36 0.63% 5,683
Wilcox 2,511 56.62% 237 5.34% 1,658 37.38% 29 0.65% 4,435
Winston 3,032 54.86% 2,174 39.33% 258 4.67% 63 1.14% 5,527
Totals 691,425 65.86% 146,923 13.99% 196,579 18.72% 14,982 1.43% 1,049,909

References

  1. ^ "1968 Presidential General Election Results - Alabama". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
  2. ^ "1968 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  3. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/state.php?year=1968&fips=1&f=0

Notes

  1. ^ Although he was born in California and he served as a U.S. Senator from California, in 1968 Richard Nixon's official state of residence was New York, because he moved there to practice law after his defeat in the 1962 California gubernatorial election. During his first term as president, Nixon re-established his residency in California. Consequently, most reliable reference books list Nixon's home state as New York in the 1968 election and his home state as California in the 1972 (and 1960) election.

See also