1996 United States elections Article

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1996 United States elections
Presidential election year
Election dayNovember 5
Incumbent president Bill Clinton (Democratic)
Next Congress 105th
Presidential election
Partisan controlDemocratic Hold
Popular vote marginDemocratic +8.5%
Electoral vote
Bill Clinton (D)379
Bob Dole (R)159
United States presidential election in California, 1996 United States presidential election in Oregon, 1996 United States presidential election in Washington (state), 1996 United States presidential election in Idaho, 1996 United States presidential election in Nevada, 1996 United States presidential election in Utah, 1996 United States presidential election in Arizona, 1996 United States presidential election in Montana, 1996 United States presidential election in Wyoming, 1996 United States presidential election in Colorado, 1996 United States presidential election in New Mexico, 1996 United States presidential election in North Dakota, 1996 United States presidential election in South Dakota, 1996 United States presidential election in Nebraska, 1996 United States presidential election in Kansas, 1996 United States presidential election in Oklahoma, 1996 United States presidential election in Texas, 1996 United States presidential election in Minnesota, 1996 United States presidential election in Iowa, 1996 United States presidential election in Missouri, 1996 United States presidential election in Arkansas, 1996 United States presidential election in Louisiana, 1996 United States presidential election in Wisconsin, 1996 United States presidential election in Illinois, 1996 United States presidential election in Michigan, 1996 United States presidential election in Indiana, 1996 United States presidential election in Ohio, 1996 United States presidential election in Kentucky, 1996 United States presidential election in Tennessee, 1996 United States presidential election in Mississippi, 1996 United States presidential election in Alabama, 1996 United States presidential election in Georgia, 1996 United States presidential election in Florida, 1996 United States presidential election in South Carolina, 1996 United States presidential election in North Carolina, 1996 United States presidential election in Virginia, 1996 United States presidential election in West Virginia, 1996 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 1996 United States presidential election in Maryland, 1996 United States presidential election in Delaware, 1996 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania, 1996 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1996 United States presidential election in New York, 1996 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1996 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1996 United States presidential election in Vermont, 1996 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1996 United States presidential election in Maine, 1996 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1996 United States presidential election in Hawaii, 1996 United States presidential election in Alaska, 1996 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia, 1996 United States presidential election in Maryland, 1996 United States presidential election in Delaware, 1996 United States presidential election in New Jersey, 1996 United States presidential election in Connecticut, 1996 United States presidential election in Rhode Island, 1996 United States presidential election in Massachusetts, 1996 United States presidential election in Vermont, 1996 United States presidential election in New Hampshire, 1996ElectoralCollege1996.svg
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1996 presidential election results. Red denotes states won by Dole, blue denotes states won by Clinton. Numbers indicate the electoral votes won by each candidate.
Senate elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contested35 of 100 seats
(33 Class 2 seats + 2 special elections)
Net seat changeRepublican +2 [1]
1996 Senate election map.svg
1996 Senate results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

House elections
Overall controlRepublican Hold
Seats contestedAll 435 voting members
Popular vote marginDemocratic +0.1%
Net seat changeDemocratic +2
United States House of Representatives elections, 1996.png
1996 House of Representatives results

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold
  Independent gain   Independent hold

Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested13 (11 states, 2 territories)
Net seat changeNone
1996 Gubernatorial election map.svg
1996 gubernatorial election results
Territorial races not shown

  Democratic gain   Democratic hold
  Republican gain   Republican hold

The 1996 United States elections were held on November 5. Democratic President Bill Clinton won re-election, while the Republicans maintained their majorities in both houses of the United States Congress.

Federal elections

United States Presidential election

Democratic incumbent President Bill Clinton won re-election, defeating Republican former Senator Bob Dole of Kansas. Billionaire and 1992 Independent Presidential candidate Ross Perot of Texas, the nominee of the newly founded Reform Party, though performing strongly for a third party candidate and receiving 8.4% of the vote, was unable to replicate his 1992 performance.

United States Congressional elections

Despite the Democrats' strong performance in the Presidential election, Republicans would remain the majority party in the United States Congress and even expanded their majority in the Senate while incurring losses in the House. [2]

United States Senate elections

During the 1996 U.S. Senate elections, elections for all thirty-three regularly scheduled Class II Senate seats as well as special elections in Oregon and Kansas were held.

Republicans captured three seats in Alabama, Arkansas, and Nebraska, but lost two in Oregon (via a special election not held concurrently with the other Senate elections in November) and South Dakota.

United States House of Representatives elections

During the 1996 House elections, all 435 seats in the House of Representatives as well as the seats of all non-voting Delegates from non-state districts were up for election that year. [3]

Though Democrats made an effort to regain control of the House following massive defeats in 1994, which in the process of doing so resulted in a net gain of eight seats, Republicans retained their majority. This election was one of the few instances in U.S. Congressional election history in which the winning party lost the popular vote.

In addition to all regularly scheduled House elections, there were five special elections held. They were held to fill vacancies for California's 37th congressional district (on March 26), Maryland's 7th congressional district (April 16), Oregon's 3rd congressional district (May 21), Kansas's 2nd congressional district, and Missouri's 8th congressional district (both on November 5).

State elections

Gubernatorial elections

During the 1996 gubernatorial elections, the governorships of the eleven states and two territories were up for election.

Going into the elections, Republicans held the governorships of thirty-two states, Democrats held those of seventeen states, all territories, and the Mayorship of the District of Columbia, and one Governor was a member of neither party. Republicans won in West Virginia, but this was countered by a Democratic victory in New Hampshire. Thus, there was no net change in the balance of power.

Other state-wide Officer elections

In some states where the positions were elective offices, voters elected candidates for state executive branch offices ( Lieutenant Governors (though some were elected on the same ticket as the gubernatorial nominee), Secretary of state, state Treasurer, state Auditor, state Attorney General, state Superintendent of Education, Commissioners of Insurance, Agriculture or, Labor, etc.) and state judicial branch offices (seats on state Supreme Courts and, in some states, state appellate courts).

State Legislative elections

Initiatives and Referenda

Local elections

Mayoral elections

Some major American cities held their mayoral elections in 1996.

References

  1. ^ Republicans picked up three seats in the regularly-scheduled Senate elections, but Democrats picked up one seat in a special election.
  2. ^ "1996 Presidential Election". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 5, 1996" (PDF). U.S. House of Reps, Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 10 April 2017.