USS Nevada (BM-8) Article

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USS Nevada
The crew is out on a Sunday in 1909 in dress whites.
History
United States
Name:
  • Connecticut (1899-1901)
  • Nevada (1901-1909)
  • Tonopah (1909-1922)
Namesake:
Ordered: 4 May 1898
Awarded: 19 October 1898
Builder: Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine
Cost: $1,851,313.22
Laid down: 17 April 1899
Launched: 24 November 1900
Commissioned: 5 March 1903
Decommissioned: 1 July 1920
Renamed:
  • Nevada (M-8), January 1901
  • Tonopah (M-8), 2 March 1909
  • Tonopah (BM-8), 17 July 1920
Identification:
Fate: Sold, 26 January 1922
General characteristics
Type: Arkansas-class monitor
Displacement:
  • 3,225 long tons (3,277  t) (standard)
  • 3,356 long tons (3,410 t) (full load)
Length:
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) (mean)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 12.5 knots (23.2  km/h; 14.4  mph) (design)
  • 13.04 kn (24.15 km/h; 15.01 mph) (on trial)
Complement: 13 officers 209 men
Armament:
Armor:

The first USS Nevada, a monitor, was ordered on 4 May 1898. She was awarded to the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine on 19 October 1898 [1] and laid down as Connecticut, 17 April 1899. Connecticut was launched 24 November 1900; sponsored by Miss Grace Boutelle; renamed Nevada, January 1901; and commissioned on 5 March 1903, Commander Thomas B. Howard in command. [2] The total cost for the hull, machinery, armor and armament was $1,851,313.22. [3]

Design

The Arkansas-class monitors had been designed to combine a heavy striking power with easy concealment and negligible target area. They had a displacement of 3,225 long tons (3,277  t; 3,612 short tons), measured 255  feetinch (77.75  m) in overall length, with a beam of 50 feet 1 inch (15.27 m) and a draft of 12 feet 6 inches (3.81 m). She was manned by a total crew of 13 officers and 209 men. [4] [5]

Nevada was powered by two vertical triple expansion engines driving two screw propellers with steam generated by four Niclausse boilers. [6] The engines in Nevada were designed to produce 2,400 indicated horsepower (1,800  kW) with a top speed of 12.5 knots (23.2  km/h; 14.4  mph), however, on sea trials she was only able to produce 1,970 ihp (1,470 kW) but with a top speed of 13.04 kn (24.15 km/h; 15.01 mph). [7] Nevada was designed to provide a range of 2,360 nautical miles (4,370  km; 2,720  mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph). [4] [5]

The ship was armed with a main battery of two 12-inch (305 mm)/40 caliber guns, either Mark 3 or Mark 4, in a Mark 4 turret. [8] [9] [4] The secondary battery consisted of four 4-inch (100 mm)/50 caliber Mark 7 guns [10] along with three 6-pounder 57 mm (2.2 in) guns. The main belt armor was 11 in (280 mm) in the middle tapering to 5 in (130 mm) at the ends. The gun turrets were between 10 and 9 in (250 and 230 mm), with 11 to 9 in (280 to 230 mm) barbettes. Nevada also had a 1.5 in (38 mm) deck. [4] [5]

Service history

On 2 March 1909, the monitor was renamed Tonopah to allow Battleship Number 36 to be named Nevada. Assigned to the Atlantic Fleet's submarine force as a tender, Tonopah operated along the east coast from Massachusetts to Key West until January 1918. Then briefly assigned to Bermuda, she was ordered to Ponta Delgada, São Miguel Island, Azores in February. Between then and December she tended the submarines K-1, K-2, K-3, K-5, and E-1 and submarine chasers operating in the strategic area of the Azores. [2]

In December, she was towed to Lisbon, and, upon her return to the United States, decommissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 July 1920. She was one of several vessels sold on 26 January 1922, to J. G. Hitner of Philadelphia. [2]

Notes

Citations

Bibliography

Books

  • Friedman, Norman (1985). U.S. Battleships: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN  978-1-59114-247-8.
  • Ships' Data, U. S. Naval Vessels, 1911-. US Naval Department. 1 January 1914. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
  • Schmidt, Carl H. (1921). "Navy Yearbook". Senate Documents No. 302. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 11: 744.
  • Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN  978 1 84832 100 7. OCLC  751804655.

Online resources

External links