|Current season or competition:|
2018 USARL season
|Number of teams||11|
|Champions||Jacksonville Axemen (2nd Title) ( 2018)|
|Most titles||Philadelphia Fight (4 titles)|
The USA Rugby League (USARL) is the official governing body for rugby league in the USA and runs a rugby league football competition in the United States. The league consists of eleven teams located in east coast states. The regular season is played in June and July.
The league was founded in 2011 by clubs that had broken with the established American National Rugby League (AMNRL), plus expansion franchises. The USARL began its inaugural season in 2011 with eight teams. The USARL was granted affiliate membership in November 2014 of the RLIF and RLEF, replacing the AMNRL which is now defunct. 
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Teams
- 4 Premiership winners
- 5 Development programs
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The formation of the USA Rugby League was announced on January 12, 2011. Seven teams that had previously competed in the American National Rugby League, the United States' established rugby league organization and recognized governing body for the sport, announced they were breaking with the AMNRL to form a new league. The stated reason for the split was dissatisfaction with the governance of the AMNRL; the departing teams were unhappy with the lack of club involvement in the league's decision making, and the new league was founded with the principle of including its member clubs in its administration.   
The departing AMNRL teams were the Boston Thirteens, the Washington, D.C. Slayers, the Fairfax Eagles, the Jacksonville Axemen, the New Haven Warriors, the Philadelphia Fight, and the Pittsburgh Vipers; they were to be joined by two new teams, the New Jersey Turnpike Titans and Kodiak Rugby from New York City. Before the season Pittsburgh and Fairfax became "developmental" teams in the new league outside of the top-tiered competition; Fairfax subsequently suspended operations.  The New York team was unable to find a suitable stadium in the city, and instead became the Rhode Island Rebellion.  One additional team, Oneida FC, joined the top-tiered competition for the 2011 season. 
On January 13, 2011, the USARL announced that Peter Illfield, chairman of the Philadelphia Fight, would be the league's first Chairman.   The league's first event was a rugby league nines tournament in the Philadelphia area on May 28–29, 2011. Round 1 of the regular season championship kicked off on June 4; the Jacksonville Axemen won the minor premiership with the best regular season record. In the inaugural Grand Final on August 27, the Philadelphia Fight defeated the New Haven Warriors to win their first ever national championship. 
In 2013 the USARL and AMNRL increased their focus on reunification, particularly after the United States' encouraging showing at the 2013 Rugby League World Cup. An independent commission assembled to lead negotiations, however the USARL clubs eventually pulled out. USARL commissioner Peter Illfield blamed apparent dysfunction and disorganization in the AMNRL organization for this decision. The USARL subsequently invited AMNRL clubs to join their ranks as full members and initiated a four-team expansion. 
In 2014, the USARL expanded to 10 teams, adding expansion squads Atlanta Rhinos, Central Florida Warriors, and Tampa Mayhem. In addition, the Northern Virginia Eagles withdrew from the AMNRL and joined the USARL.  To reduce operating costs, the competition was split into two conferences.  Meanwhile, the AMNRL suspended its 2014 season.
In 2015, the AMNRL folded, leaving the USARL as the undisputed top-level rugby league competition in the United States. Three former AMNRL clubs joined the USARL; Bucks County Sharks, Connecticut Wildcats, and New York Knights. The Delaware Black Foxes also joined as an expansion squad. For 2016, the Connecticut Wildcats left the competition and were replaced by the White Plains Wombats. Before the 2017 season, the D.C. Slayers and Bucks County Sharks left the competition, and the USARL abolished the division structure within the North Conference. Before the 2018 season, the Central Florida Warriors left the competition and were replaced by Southwest Florida Copperheads. The Rhode Island Rebellion also left the competition. 
The first event of the season is the rugby league nines tournament.
The USARL is split into two conferences, North and South. In the South Conference, teams play a double round-robin schedule of 6 games. In the North Conference, teams play a single round-robin schedule of 6 games. Teams qualify for the playoffs based on point differential, with a win counting for 2 points, a draw for 1, a loss for 0, and a forfeit for −2. The regular season runs through June and July.
In the South Conference, all four teams automatically make the playoffs. The teams with the best and worst records, and the second- and third-best records, play each other in the South Conference semi-finals. The winners meet in the South Conference finals. In the North Conference, the teams with the six best records make the playoffs. The winners of the South Conference finals meet the winners of the North Conference finals in the USARL Grand Final.
|Boston Thirteens||2009||Boston||Massachusetts||Nickerson Field||1 (2015)|
|Brooklyn Kings||2014||Brooklyn||New York||Randalls Island Field 10||0 (N/A)|
|Delaware Black Foxes||2015||Wilmington||Delaware||Eden Park Stadium||0 (N/A)|
|New York Knights||1997||New York City||New York||The Castle Pier 40||0 (N/A)|
|Northern Virginia Eagles||2007||Nokesville||Virginia||Grizzly Sports Complex||0 (N/A)|
|Philadelphia Fight||1998||Conshohocken ( Philadelphia)||Pennsylvania||Garthwaite Stadium||4 (2016)|
|White Plains Wombats||2016||White Plains||New York||Blind Brook Elementary School||0 (N/A)|
|Atlanta Rhinos||2014||Atlanta||Georgia||Atlanta Silverbacks Park||1 (2017)|
|Jacksonville Axemen||2006||Jacksonville||Florida||Hodges Stadium||2 (2018)|
|Southwest Florida Copperheads||2018||Buckingham ( Fort Myers)||Florida||Lehigh Senior High School||0 (N/A)|
|Tampa Mayhem||2014||Tampa Bay||Florida||Tampa Catholic High School||0 (N/A)|
|Colors||Club||Years Active||City (MSA)||State||Stadium||Titles|
|Baltimore Blues||2012-2014||Baltimore||Maryland||0 (N/A)|
|Bucks County Sharks||1997-2016||Bucks County ( Trenton)||Pennsylvania||Falls Township Park||0 (N/A)|
|Connecticut Wildcats||2003-2015||Norwalk||Connecticut||Andrews Field||0 (N/A)|
|D.C. Slayers||2003-2016||Washington||Washington||Duke Ellington Field||0 (N/A)|
|New Haven Warriors||2006-2012||West Haven ( New Haven)||Connecticut||Ken Strong Stadium||0 (N/A)|
|New Jersey Turnpike Titans||2011-2012||Jersey City||New Jersey||Cochran Stadium||0 (N/A)|
|Oneida FC||2011-2012||Cambridge||Massachusetts||Henry G. Steinbrenner Stadium||0 (N/A)|
|Rhode Island Rebellion||2011-2017||Providence||Rhode Island||Marvel Field||0 (N/A)|
For the first three seasons, the USARL was a single-division competition. In 2014 the teams were split into two conferences and three divisions.
|Season||Grand Finals||Minor Premiership|
|2011||Philadelphia Fight||New Haven Warriors||Jacksonville Axemen (14 points)|
|2012||Jacksonville Axemen||Boston 13s||Jacksonville Axemen (16 points)|
|2013||Philadelphia Fight||Jacksonville Axemen||Philadelphia Fight (14 points)|
|2014||Philadelphia Fight||Jacksonville Axemen||
Philadelphia Fight (14 points) (North)
Jacksonville Axemen (12 Points) (South)
|2015||Boston 13s||Atlanta Rhinos||
Philadelphia Fight (16 points) (North)
Atlanta Rhinos (8 Points) (South)
|2016||Philadelphia Fight||42–20||Jacksonville Axemen||
Philadelphia Fight (16 points) (North)
Jacksonville Axemen (12 Points) (South)
|2017||Atlanta Rhinos||32–18||New York Knights||
New York Knights (16 points) (North)|
Atlanta Rhinos (11 Points) (South)
|2018||Jacksonville Axemen||56-16||Brooklyn Kings|
|Philadelphia Fight||4||2011, 2013, 2014, 2016|
|Jacksonville Axemen||2||2012, 2018|
The USARL has supported the establishment of the American Youth Rugby League Association (AYRLA), a clinic and game program for juniors run through high schools in Rhode Island and as of 2012 Philadelphia. 
Mikhael Shammas of the Boston 13s has also endeavored to establish a North American Match Officials Association to improve officiating quality of the game within North America.
The 2013 season has seen substantial growth of the game with the establishment of a New England 9s tournament and an under 23's competition, as well as regular school competitions in Rhode Island and Boston under the ARLYA banner. 
As part of the 2011 season, a former AMNRL team, the Pittsburgh Sledgehammers, participated as a "developmental team", playing a more limited schedule while developing the club for future seasons.  Several other clubs have registered "developing" teams: these include the Denver Wolverines, the Los Angeles Raiders, the Orange County Outlaws, the Seattle Force and Texas Rugby League (which will field two teams, the Dallas Dragons and the Houston Hornets). Several of these are established developing teams that were previously aligned with the AMNRL; the USARL has committed to support them in their development.  Another team, the Utah Avalanche, were formerly affiliated as a developmental team, and participated in the 2011 USARL 9s tournament. 
In 2011 the Jacksonville Axemen also launched a reserve grade competition, the " Firehouse Subs" Southeastern Rugby League Championship, which acts as a feeder club system for the Axemen to further develop players. The competing teams are the Daytona Gearheads, the Jacksonville Hatchets, and the Orlando Adrenaline.  A fourth team, the Tampa Inferno, joined the championship in 2013.  From 2014-2017, Daytona and Orlando formed a joint venture Central Florida side to compete in the USARL South Conference.
|USARL Developing Teams|
|Dallas Dragons||Dallas, TX||2011||Development|
|Daytona Gearheads||Daytona Beach, FL||2011||Reserve grade|
|Denver Wolverines||Denver, CO||2010||Development|
|Houston Hornets||Houston, TX||2014||Development|
|Jacksonville Hatchets||Jacksonville, FL||2011||Reserve-grade|
|Los Angeles Raiders||Los Angeles, CA||2011||Development|
|Orange County Outlaws||Orange County, CA||2011||Development|
|Orlando Adrenaline||Orlando, FL||2011||Reserve-grade|
|Pittsburgh Sledgehammers||Pittsburgh, PA||2009||Development|
|Seattle Force||Seattle, WA||2010||Development|
New England Immortals
The New England Immortals RLFC were founded in 2010 and consisted of the top players from the 3 New England based AMNRL clubs.They played their inaugural match against the Canadian National Team, on July 31, 2010, defeating the Canadians 12–8 in a tightly contested match. After the AMNRL/USARL split in 2011, the Immortals were transferred to the USARL and became the only form of representation for USARL clubs due to the RLIF regulation that USARL-based players could not represent the Tomahawks. The Immortals took to the field for their second match since their inception, and despite putting up a hard fight, they were out classed by the more experienced Marines, losing by a score of 68–12. As of 2014, due to budgetary cuts and restructuring of the USARL competition, the Immortals have not played a match since their loss to the Royal Marines.
In 2014, the league established a touring developmental side, the USA Pioneers, to play friendly matches against foreign nations. They completed a two match tour in Jamaica in April 2014, winning their first game against a Jamaican domestic outfit, but fell short to the semi-professional Hurricanes Rugby League whilst still proving to be strong opposition for the Jamaicans.  The Pioneers played a friendly against a touring New Zealand Police squad the following August, losing 6–62 against very strong opposition.
The USARL established another team to play a second match against the New Zealand Police and to 'curtain-raise' the 2014 USARL National Championship between the Philadelphia Fight and the Jacksonville Axemen. This representative consisted of overseas-imports from Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom and France; similar to Super League's Exiles. They were beaten by the Kiwis 16–46.
|USARL Representative teams|
|New England Immortals||New England||2010||W 12–8
Canada July 31, 2010 |
L 12–68 Royal Marines April 27, 2012
Duhaney Park Red Sharks April 3, 2013 |
L 30–50 Hurricanes Rugby League April 7, 2013
L 6–62 New Zealand Blue Thunder August 16, 2013
|2013||L 16–46 New Zealand Blue Thunder August 23, 2013|
|NORTH Conference All-Stars||North of America||2015||L 20-34 SOUTH Conference All-Stars August 29, 2015|
|SOUTH Conference All-Stars||South of America||2015||W 34-20 NORTH Conference All-Stars August 29, 2015|
- "USARL become members of the rugby league European federation". November 6, 2014.
- Mascord, Steve (January 12, 2011). "Discord 2011: Edition 2". rleague.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- "New Rugby League Competition Announced". rugbymag.com. Rugby Magazine. January 12, 2011. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- "Breakaway league launched in the US". code13rugbyleague.com. January 12, 2011. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- "Eagles Cease Operations". fairfaxeagles.com. April 12, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- Mark Reynolds (July 23, 2011). "Providence-based rugby team battles for recognition". The Providence Journal. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- "USARL Constitution, Teams, Entry Qualifications Announced". Philadelphia Fight Rugby News and Press. fightrugby.com. February 18, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "USA Rugby League (USARL) Names Peter Illfield Chairman". usarugbyleague.com. USA Rugby League. January 13, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2011.
- "USA Rugby League name a Chairman-the Fight's own Peter Illfield". Philadelphia Fight Rugby News and Press. fightrugby.com. January 13, 2011. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- Daniel Andruczyk (August 28, 2011). "It's Hard to Keep a Game of Rugby League Down". rugbyleagueinternationalscores.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Mascord, Steve (March 12, 2014). "American Civil War Wages On". Forty20 Magazine. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "2014 Season IV schedule is here". www.usarl.com. USA Rugby League. March 16, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- Youth program expands to Philadelphia
- "USA Developing Regions". usarugbyleague.com. USA Rugby League. 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "Draw for this Weekends 9′s Announced". usarugbyleague.com. USA Rugby League. May 23, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- "Three New Teams Coming to Florida". jaxaxe.com. Jacksonville Axemen. May 27, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- "Developing regions". USA Rugby League. Retrieved June 7, 2015.