U.S. Route 51 in Illinois Article

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U.S. Route 51 marker

U.S. Route 51
Route information
Maintained by IDOT and ISTHA
Length415.95 mi [1] (669.41 km)
Length may include both directions of route where it is routed along one-way streets.
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
South end US 51 / US 60 / US 62 near Wickliffe, KY
  I-57 near Cairo

I-64 near Richview
I-70 at Vandalia
I-72 at Decatur
I-39 / I-55 / I-74 at Bloomington/Normal
I-80 at La Salle
I-88 at Rochelle
I-90 at Rockford

I-39 / I-90 at South Beloit
North end US 51 at the Wisconsin state line in South Beloit
Location
Counties Alexander, Pulaski, Union, Jackson, Perry, Washington, Jefferson, Marion, Fayette, Shelby, Christian, Macon, DeWitt, McLean, Woodford, Marshall, LaSalle, Lee, Ogle, Winnebago
Highway system
IL 50 US 52

U.S. Route 51 (US 51) in the U.S. state of Illinois, is a main north–south artery that runs from the Ohio River north to the Wisconsin border, a distance of 415.95 miles (669.41 km). [1]

Route description

US 51 enters Illinois from Kentucky at the city town of Cairo, Illinois. The highway heads northbound to a village near Cairo called Mounds, and begins to overlap Interstate 57 (I-57), following it for 24 miles (39 km) to Dongola, before splitting and heading north. The highway remains two lanes wide from Dongola to Assumption with the exception of a 10-mile (16 km) section between Centralia and I-64.

Past Assumption, US 51 becomes an expressway to Decatur. In Decatur, US 51 follows I-72 to bypass the city. US 51 leaves I-72 after eight miles (13 km), and it heads north to BloomingtonNormal as an expressway. At Bloomington–Normal, US 51 follows I-74 for a mile, then I-55 for seven miles (11 km), before following I-39 for 140 miles (230 km).

US 51 follows I-39, intersecting I-80 and I-88 along the way. The highway also follows US 20 south of Rockford (while still following I-39). I-39/US-51 join I-90, making US 51 one of the few toll highway in Illinois that is a U.S. Highway. US 51 exits I-39/I-90 just a mile south of the Wisconsin state line. Then US 51 follows Illinois Route 75 (IL 75) west to the intersection of IL 251, and then turns north through South Beloit, Illinois to enter Wisconsin.

History

US 51 was established in Illinois in the 1920s. Over the years, it became a heavily traveled highway, often experiencing many accidents, particularly in the northern half of the state. This highway gained the moniker of "Killer 51". As a result of these problems, Illinois pushed for a new four lane highway along the corridor. One was proposed in the 1960s and 1970s as part of a proposed supplemental freeway system, but only the area between Rockford and Decatur was given a high priority. [2]

In the 1980s and early 1990s, US 51 was rebuilt to Interstate Highway standards between Rockford and BloomingtonNormal on a new alignment. This new highway became Interstate 39, and US 51 was rerouted onto it. In addition, north of Rockford, US 51 was rerouted onto the existing I-90 tollway segment between South Beloit and Cherry Valley. Most of the old highway became IL 251.

South of Bloomington–Normal to Decatur, US 51 remained largely on the original alignment, and it was expanded to an expressway. Further continuation of the expressway occurred in the 2000s, when the highway was upgraded southward from Decatur to Assumption, Illinois.

Future

Plans are underway to continue the US 51 expressway south of Assumption to Centralia. [3] An environmental impact statement is currently being prepared. However, construction funding remains elusive.

Major intersections

CountyLocationmi [4]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Alexander Cairo0.00.0 US 51 south / US 60 east / US 62 east – WickliffeUS 51/US 60/US 62 continue into Kentucky
0.20.32 US 60 west / US 62 west – CharlestonNorthern end of US 60/US 62 concurrency
4.57.2 IL 37 north – Mound CitySouthern terminus of IL 37
5.38.51 I-57 south / IL 3 north – Olive Branch, MemphisSouthern end of I-57 concurrency; southern terminus of IL 3
Pulaski11.418.38Mounds Road
21.434.418Ullin Road
Union Dongola28.245.424Dongola Road
28.846.325 I-57 north – ChicagoNorthern end of I-57 concurrency; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Anna36.057.9 IL 146 – Jonesboro, Vienna
Jackson Carbondale55.088.5 IL 13 – Murphysboro, Marion
De Soto61.398.7 IL 149 – Murphysboro, Hurst
Perry Du Quoin72.4116.5 IL 14 east – ChristopherWestern terminus of IL 14
75.5121.5 IL 152 west – PyattsEastern terminus of IL 152
Sunfield80.4129.4 IL 154 – Red Bud, Sesser
Washington Ashley98.0157.7 IL 15 west – East St. LouisWestern end of IL 15 concurrency
100.9162.4 IL 15 east – Mount VernonEastern end of IL 15 concurrency
Richview105.7170.1 I-64 – St. Louis, LouisvilleExit 61 on I-64
Irvington109.6176.4 IL 177 west – BellevilleWestern terminus of IL 177
Marion Centralia116.2187.0 IL 161 – New Baden, Kell
Sandoval122.7197.5 US 50 west – CarlyleWestern end of US 50 concurrency
123.0197.9 US 50 east – SalemEastern end of US 50 concurrency
Fayette Vandalia146.9236.4 US 40 east / IL 185 east – Bluff CityEastern end of US 40/IL 185 concurrency
148.5239.0 US 40 west / IL 185 west – Taylor Springs, Mulberry GroveWestern end of US 40/IL 185 concurrency
148.7239.3 I-70 – St. Louis, IndianapolisExit 63 on I-70
Christian Pana178.1286.6 IL 16 westWestern end of IL 16 concurrency
178.6287.4 IL 29 northSouthern terminus of IL 29
180.2290.0 IL 16 eastEastern end of IL 16 concurrency
Macon207.3333.6
US 51 Bus. north
211.2339.9 IL 48
Harristown214.7345.5133 I-72 west / US 36 – Springfield, TuscolaSouthern end of I-72 concurrency; signed as exits 133A (east) and 133B (south)
Decatur219.2352.8138 IL 121 – Decatur, Lincoln
222.2357.6141
I-72 east / US 51 Bus. south – Champaign, Urbana, Decatur
Northern end of I-72 concurrency
DeWitt Clinton237.9382.9
US 51 Bus. north – Clinton
239.5385.4 IL 54
240.0386.2 IL 10
242.0389.5
US 51 Bus. south – Clinton
McLean Heyworth251.9405.4 US 136 – McLean, Rantoul
260.5419.2135
I-74 east / US 51 Bus. north (Main Street) – Indianapolis, Bloomington
Southern end of I-74 concurrency
262.2422.0157A I-55 south – St. LouisSouthern end of I-55 concurrency
Bloomington262.4422.3157B I-55 Bus. north (Veterans Parkway)Signed as exit 134B (north) southbound
265.5427.3160 US 150 / IL 9 (Market Street) – Pekin
269.1433.1163 I-74 west – PeoriaNorthern end of I-74 concurrency
270.3435.0164 I-39 north / I-55 north – ChicagoNorthern end of I-55 concurrency; southern end of I-39 concurrency; southern terminus of I-39
272.1437.92
US 51 Bus. south – Bloomington, Normal
Hudson275.2442.95 Hudson
278.3447.98 IL 251 (Lake Bloomington Road)
Woodford El Paso284.9458.514 US 24 – El Paso, Peoria
Woodford292.9471.422 IL 116 – Peoria, Pontiac
Minonk297.5478.827 Minonk
Marshall Wenona305.6491.835 IL 17 – Lacon, Wenona
LaSalle Lostant312.2502.441 IL 18 – Henry, Streator
Tonica319.2513.748 Tonica
322.3518.751 IL 71 – Hennepin, Oglesby
323.0519.852 IL 251 – Peru, LaSalle
Oglesby324.4522.154 Oglesby
Illinois River326.5525.5 Abraham Lincoln Memorial Bridge
La Salle327.3526.757 US 6 – LaSalle, Peru, Ottawa
329.6530.459 I-80 – LaSalle, Peru, Chicago, Des MoinesSigned as exits 59A (east) and 59B (west)
Troy Grove336.8542.066 US 52 – Troy Grove
Mendota342.7551.572 US 34 – Mendota, Earlville
Lee Paw Paw353.1568.382 Paw Paw
357.9576.087 US 30 – Sterling, Rock Falls, Aurora
Steward363.9585.693 Steward
Ogle Rochelle368.0592.297 I-88 / IL 110 ( Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) – Moline, Rock Island, ChicagoSigned as exits 97A (east) and 97B (west)
370.1595.699 IL 38 – DeKalb, Rochelle
375.1603.7104 IL 64 – Sycamore, Oregon
Monroe Center381.6614.1111 IL 72 – Genoa, Byron
Winnebago386.1621.4115Baxter Road
Rockford390.2628.0 US 20 west – Freeport, RockfordSouthern end of US 20 concurrency, I-39/US 51 southbound exits US 20 via exit 97
Cherry Valley392.7632.0122A US 20 east – BelvidereNorthern end of US 20 concurrency
392.7632.0122BHarrison Avenue
393.4633.117 I-90 east ( Jane Addams Memorial Tollway) – ChicagoSouthern end of I-90 concurrency; I-39/US 51 uses I-90's exit numbers from here north
Rockford395.1635.915
US 20 Bus. (State Street)
Last free exit northbound
398.4641.212Riverside BoulevardToll on northbound exit and southbound entrance
Machesney Park401.9646.89 IL 173 (West Lane Road)Toll on northbound exit and southbound entrance
Rockton407.3655.5South Beloit Toll Plaza
South Beloit408.1656.83Rockton Road (CR 9)Last free exit southbound
414.0666.31 I-39 north / I-90 west / IL 75 east – South Beloit, MadisonNorthern end of I-39/I-90 concurrency; eastern end of IL 75 concurrency
415.6668.8 IL 75 west / IL 251 south – Freeport, RockfordWestern end of IL 75 concurrency; northern terminus of IL 251
415.95669.41 US 51 north – BeloitContinuation into Wisconsin
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  2. ^ "Illinois Supplemental Freeway system proposal" (PDF). Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  3. ^ "US 51 Environmental Impact Statement". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  4. ^ Google (March 19, 2017). "Overview Map of US 51" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 19, 2017.

External links


U.S. Route 51
Previous state:
Kentucky
Illinois Next state:
Wisconsin