Tucson International Airport Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tucson International Airport
Tucson International Airport logo.svg
Tucson Airport from the sky, July 2013.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Tucson
OperatorTucson Airport Authority
Serves Tucson, Arizona
Elevation  AMSL2,643 ft / 806 m
Coordinates 32°06′58″N 110°56′28″W / 32.11611°N 110.94111°W / 32.11611; -110.94111
TUCSON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Latitude and Longitude:

32°06′58″N 110°56′28″W / 32.11611°N 110.94111°W / 32.11611; -110.94111
Website www.flytucson.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram (June 2009)
FAA airport diagram (June 2009)
TUS is located in Arizona
TUS
TUS
Location of airport in Arizona
TUS is located in the US
TUS
TUS
TUS (the US)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11L/29R 10,996 3,352 Asphalt
11R/29L 8,408 2,563 Asphalt
3/21 7,000 2,134 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 100 30 Asphalt
H2 60 18 Asphalt
H3 60 18 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations132,867
Total Passengers3,413,451
Source: Federal Aviation Administration [1]
Statistics: Tucson Airport Authority [2] [3]

Tucson International Airport ( IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS, FAA LID: TUS) is a public joint civil-military airport owned by the City of Tucson 8 miles (7.0 nmi; 13 km) south of downtown Tucson, in Pima County, Arizona, United States. [1] It is the second busiest airport in Arizona, after Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport.

The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport since it has over 10,000 passenger boardings per year. [4] Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 1,779,679 enplanements in 2011, a decrease from 1,844,228 in 2010. [5]

Tucson International is operated on a long-term lease by the Tucson Airport Authority, which also operates Ryan Airfield, a general aviation airport. Tucson International Airport is not a hub or focus city for any airline. Public transportation to the airport is Sun Tran bus routes No. 11 and No. 25.

History

In 1919 Tucson opened the first municipally owned airport in the United States. In 1928 commercial flights began with Standard Airlines (later American Airlines); regular airmail service began in 1930. The 1936 airport directory shows Tucson Municipal at 32°11′N 110°55′W / 32.183°N 110.917°W / 32.183; -110.917 (Tucson Municipal Airport (1936)) "just north of the railroad" (since removed) referring to the site that was then being used as the city's airport southeast of the intersection of S. Park Ave. and E. 36th St.

During World War II the airfield was used by the United States Army Air Forces Air Technical Service Command. A contract flying school was operated by the USAAF West Coast Training Center from July 25, 1942 until September 1944.

In 1948 the Tucson Airport Authority was created as a non-profit corporation to operate the airport and oversee policy decisions. The nine member board is elected by a group of up to 115 volunteer residents from Pima County Arizona. The airport was moved to its current location south of Valencia Road and operated on the west ramp out of three hangars vacated by World War II military manufacturing companies. A new control tower was constructed in 1958 to replace the original WWII wooden framed version.

The Tucson Airport Authority was also involved in bringing the Hughes Missile Plant (now Raytheon) to Tucson. In fact, in 1951, according to author David Leighton, it was the TAA that sold the land to the Hughes Aircraft Co., for construction of the plant. [6]

In March 1956, the Civil Aeronautics Board approved routes out of Tucson for Trans World Airlines (TWA), in spite of opposition from the already established American Airlines but it wouldn't be until December of that year that the first planes began service. [7]

In April 1957 airlines scheduled 21 departures a day: 15 American, 4 TWA and 2 Frontier. The first jet flights were operated by American Airlines with Boeing 707 and Boeing 720B jetliners around September 1960. During the mid and late 1970s, American was flying wide body McDonnell Douglas DC-10 jets nonstop to Dallas/Ft. Worth [8] and also to Chicago via an intermediate stop in Phoenix. [9] By the late 1980s, American was operating Boeing 767-200 wide body jetliners from the airport with nonstop service to Dallas/Ft. Worth. [10] The DC-10 and 767 were the largest jetliners ever to serve Tucson with scheduled passenger flights.

On November 15, 1963 a new terminal designed by Terry Atkinson opened with an international inspection station. The Tucson International Airport [11] [12] name was legitimate: Aeronaves de Mexico had begun Douglas DC-6 propliner service to Hermosillo and beyond in 1961. By the mid 1970s, successor airline Aeromexico was continuing to serve Tucson with McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jet flights nonstop to Hermosillo with direct, no change of plane service to Ciudad Obregon, Culiacan, Guadalajara and Mexico City. [13] Bonanza Air Lines began DC-9 jet service to Mexico as well during the late 1960s with flights to Mazatlan, La Paz and Puerto Vallarta, [14] and successor airlines Air West and Hughes Airwest also operated DC-9 jet flights from Tucson to Mexico with their service being extended to Guadalajara as well as continuing to provide flights to Mazatlan, La Paz and Puerto Vallarta. [15] [16] The terminal underwent minor remodeling during the 1960s and 1970s, and its interior was featured in the 1974 film Death Wish starring Charles Bronson.

From the early 1970s to the early 1980s, Cochise Airlines was based in Tucson. This commuter airline operated Cessna 402 and Convair 440 propliners as well as de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter and Swearingen Metroliner turboprops during its existence. Cochise flew scheduled passenger service to a number of destinations in Arizona and southern California.

A remodeling in 1985 doubled the size of the terminal from 150,000 to 300,000 sq ft and rebuilt the concourse into separate, two-level structures with jet bridges. [17]

A Concourse Renovation Project was finished in 2005 – the last phase of a remodeling begun in 2000 that added 82,000 sq ft (7,600 m2) to ticketing and baggage claim designed by HNTB. [18] On March 19, 2008, the previous East and West concourses and gates were renumbered with the East Concourse becoming Concourse A: Gates A1 – A9, and the West Concourse becoming Concourse B: Gates B1 – B11.

In January 2014, the Tucson Airport Authority board approved a no-cost, 20-year property lease with the Federal Aviation Administration for property on which to build a new federally funded control tower to replace the 1950s vintage tower currently in use. Construction of the tower is expected to commence in July 2014. The new tower will be located on the south side of the airport, near Aero Park Blvd.

On April 6, 2016, the Tucson Airport Authority announced the Terminal Optimization Program (TOP). The program, which will go by its campaign name, A Brighter TUS, includes a variety of terminal facility improvements, including relocation and improved capacity at the Security Screening Checkpoints, enhanced concession and revenue opportunities, the upgrade of critical building systems, and maximizing use of under-utilized space. Renovations began in June 2016 and was completed in November 2017. [19]

Military use

Tucson International Airport hosts Tucson Air National Guard Base, a 92-acre (37 ha) complex on the northwest corner of the airport that is home to the 162d Fighter Wing (162 FW), an Air Education and Training Command (AETC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard. Military use of Tucson Airport began in 1956, when the Arizona Air National Guard activated the 152d Fighter Interceptor Squadron, an Air Defense Command (ADC)-gained unit, which operated Korean War vintage F-86A Sabres. At that time the "base" consisted of an old adobe farmhouse and a dirt-floor hangar with enough space for three aircraft. During its history at TUS, the wing has operated the F-86 Sabre, F-100 Super Sabre, F-102 Delta Dagger, A-7 Corsair II and General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft.

Today the 162d Fighter Wing is the largest Air National Guard fighter unit in the United States, and operates over 70 F-16C/D/E/F aircraft in three squadrons. The wing's F-16s augment the active Air Force's 56th Fighter Wing (56 FW) at Luke AFB, Arizona as a Formal Training Unit (FTU) for training Regular Air Force, Air Force Reserve Command, Air National Guard and NATO and allies' F-16 pilots.

The wing also hosts the Air National Guard / Air Force Reserve Command (ANG AFRC) Command Test Center (AATC) as a tenant unit, which conducts operational testing on behalf of the Air Reserve Component. The 162 FW also hosts "Snowbird" operations during the winter months for Air Force, Air Force Reserve Command, and Air National Guard F-16 and Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II units from northern tier bases in the continental United States, as well as Canadian Forces and Royal Air Force flying units. [20] [21]

Not counting students or transient flight crews, the installation employs over 1,700 personnel, over 1,100 of whom are full-time Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) and Air Reserve Technician (ART) personnel, and the remainder traditional part-time Air National Guardsmen. Although an AETC organization, the 162nd also maintains an F-16 Alert Detachment for U.S. Northern Command / NORAD and AFNORTH at nearby Davis-Monthan AFB in support of Operation Noble Eagle.

Facilities

Baggage Claim area; Belt 5 is used by Southwest Airlines exclusively.
Rental Car Complex (north to south end)

The airport covers 7,938 acres (3,212  ha) at an elevation of 2,643  ft (806  m) above sea level. It has three asphalt runways and helipads: [1]

  • Runway 11L/29R: 10,996 ft × 150 ft (3,352 m × 46 m), with ILS
  • Runway 11R/29L: 8,408 ft × 75 ft (2,563 m × 23 m)
  • Runway 3/21: 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m)
  • Helipad H1: 100 ft × 100 ft (30 m × 30 m)
  • Helipad H2: 60 ft × 60 ft (18 m × 18 m)
  • Helipad H3: 60 ft × 60 ft (18 m × 18 m)

Airlines usually use Runway 11L. In occasional trade winds, commercial airliners use Runway 29R, and even rarer, with south winds, Runway 21. Runway 11R-29L is too narrow for most commercial jet aircraft, but they can use Runway 3.

In the year ending April 30, 2012 the airport had 142,302 operations, average 389 per day: 47% general aviation, 25% airline, 15% air taxi, and 12% military. 303 aircraft were then based at the airport: 55% single- engine, 24% military, 10% multi-engine, 7% helicopter, and 4% jet. [1]

Terminal

Tucson International Airport's terminal has two concourses: Concourse A has nine gates, A1 through A9, and Concourse B has eleven gates, B1 through B11. Currently, Tucson International Airport offers daily nonstop airline service to 18 destinations across the U.S. [22] Additionally, there are one-stop connections to more than 350 destinations around the world.

Both concourses inside the terminal offer food, beverage, and shopping as well as free wireless internet and charging stations. [23]

TIA versus TUS

There has been a propensity in local Tucson / Pima County area news media outlets (to include their weather reporting services) and other business and governmental entities in the Tucson metropolitan area outside of the professional aviation community to refer to the airport as "TIA" versus the airport's actual airport code of "TUS" in either reporting or reference. A similar situation occurs in the Tampa, Florida metropolitan area by that region's news media and other business and governmental entities with respect to their characterization Tampa International Airport (TPA). The airport code TIA is assigned to Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza in Albania. [24]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Alaska Airlines San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Portland (OR)
[25]
Allegiant Air Bellingham (begins November 15, 2018), Provo (begins November 16, 2018) [26]
American Airlines Charlotte (ends February 13, 2019), [27] Chicago–O’Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [28]
American Eagle Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [28]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul, Seattle/Tacoma
[29]
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Salt Lake City [29]
Frontier Airlines Denver [30]
Southwest Airlines Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love (begins January 13, 2019), [31] Denver, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose (CA)
Seasonal: Oakland
[32]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul [33]
United Airlines Denver, Houston–Intercontinental
Seasonal: San Francisco
[34]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, San Francisco [34]
ViaAir Austin [35]

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Los Angeles
FedEx Express Memphis

Statistics

Annual traffic

Traffic by fiscal year
Fiscal Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Aircraft operations Freight (lbs)
2008 4,395,205
2009 3,669,924 Decrease016.50%
2010 3,709,178 Increase01.07%
2011 3,676,894 Decrease00.87%
2012 3,649,783 Decrease00.74% 145,164 71,431,830
2013 3,308,620 Decrease09.35% 138,263 68,359,820
2014 3,239,849 Decrease02.08% 139,420 64,796,533
2015 3,181,901 Decrease01.79% 141,422 66,184,562
2016 3,228,389 Increase01.46% 139,555 61,837,690
2017 3,413,451 Increase05.73% 132,867 57,718,854

Statistics from fiscal years 2008-2017 [36]

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes to and from TUS
(August 2017 – July 2018)
[37]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 301,090 American
2 Los Angeles, California 228,050 American, Delta, Southwest, United
3 Denver, Colorado 193,290 Southwest, United
4 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 171,200 American
5 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 126,350 American, United
6 Las Vegas, Nevada 116,990 Southwest
7 Atlanta, Georgia 110,980 Delta
8 San Diego, California 76,140 Southwest
9 Houston–Intercontinental, Texas 65,350 United
10 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 65,030 Alaska, Delta

Airline market share

Largest Airlines at TUS (Mar 2016 – Feb 2017) [37]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Southwest Airlines 982,000 30.85%
2 American Airlines 731,000 22.95%
3 SkyWest Airlines 701,000 22.02%
4 Delta Air Lines 246,000 7.74%
5 Mesa Airlines 244,000 7.66%
6 Others 280,000 8.79%

Accidents and incidents

  • On December 30, 1989, an America West Boeing 737-204 (Flight 450, Registration N198AW) was en route to the Tucson International Airport when a fire in the wheel well burned through hydraulic cabling. During landing braking was ineffective and the aircraft overran the end of the runway. After colliding with a concrete structure the plane came to a stop. Aircraft was written off. [38] [39]
  • On July 30, 1982, a Douglas C-47D (Registration N102BL) of Pronto Aviation Services was damaged beyond repair in a crash landing near El Paso International Airport following an engine failure shortly after take-off. The aircraft was on a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight to Tucson International Airport when the engine failed and the decision was made to return to El Paso. A single engine go-around was attempted following an unsafe landing gear warning. [40]
  • On March 13, 1990, an Alaska Airlines Boeing 727-227 (Registration N271AF) operating Phoenix-Tucson, struck and killed a pedestrian during the takeoff roll at Phoenix International Airport. The man had apparently wandered away from a nearby mental hospital. How he made it onto runway 26L was not determined (Runway 26L is now 25R). [41]
  • On February 7, 2016, a SkyWest Airlines Bombardier CRJ700 flying Tucson-Los Angeles as United Express filled with smoke upon departure from Tucson and was forced to make an immediate return to the airport and landed safely. None of the 77 people aboard were injured, however passengers were forced to jump off of the aircraft's wings. [42]<ref[> https://web.archive.org/web/20160211065526/http://www.abc15.com/news/region-central-southern-az/tucson/smoke-causes-emergency-landing-at-tucson-airport]</ref>
  • On January 23, 2017, a Beechcraft 300 crashed near a parking structure shortly after takeoff, killing the two people on board. [43]

References

  1. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for TUS ( Form 5010 PDF)
  2. ^ Tucson Airport Authority. effective September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "Statistics". Tucson Airport Authority. January 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  4. ^ "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" ( PDF, 2.03 MB). faa.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010.
  5. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2011" (PDF, 1.7 MB). faa.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. October 9, 2012.
  6. ^ David Leighton, The History of the Hughes Missile Plant In Tucson, 1947–1960, Private Publication, 2015 (Pg.4)
  7. ^ David Leighton, The History of the Hughes Missile Plant In Tucson, 1947–1960, Private Publication, 2015 (Pgs.24 & 27)
  8. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 1, 1974 American Airlines system timetable
  9. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Jan. 20, 1979 American Airlines system timetable
  10. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, Dec. 15, 1989 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Tucson flight schedules
  11. ^ "Nov. 16: Today in Arizona History". Arizona Daily Star. November 16, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
  12. ^ "List of The Most Common Types of Scholarships" (PDF). mapptucson.org.
  13. ^ Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide (OAG), Tucson flight schedules
  14. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, April 28, 1968 Bonanza Air Lines system timetable
  15. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com, July 1, 1968 Air West system timetable
  16. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1972 Hughes Airwest system timetable
  17. ^ "History of Tucson Airport Authority" (PDF). Tucson Airport Authority. 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  18. ^ "HNTB – Tucson Airport Expansion".
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 19, 2016. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  20. ^ "ANG AFRC Command Test Center - Home".
  21. ^ "162nd Wing, Arizona ANG - Home".
  22. ^ "Airlines and Flights". TIA.
  23. ^ "Travel Services". TIA.
  24. ^ "A-Z World Airports Online - Albania airports - Tirana International Airport (TIA/LATI)". Arizona World Airports.
  25. ^ "Flight Timetable". Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  26. ^ https://www.allegiantair.com/new-routes
  27. ^ https://www.wsoctv.com/news/local/aa-nixing-new-flight-at-charlotte-douglas-evaluating-another/863229129
  28. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  29. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  30. ^ https://www.kgun9.com/news/local-news/frontier-airlines-comes-to-tia
  31. ^ "Southwest Airlines schedules new routes in Jan 2019". Routes Online. August 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  32. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Sun Country Airlines". Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  34. ^ a b "Timetable". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  35. ^ "Route Map". Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  36. ^ "Statistics". Tucson Airport Authority. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  37. ^ a b "RITA - BTS - Transtats". transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  38. ^ "LAX90FA061". National Transportation Safety Board. December 30, 1989.
  39. ^ Harro Ranter (December 30, 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-204 N198AW Tucson International Airport, AZ (TUS)".
  40. ^ "FTW82DA302". National Transportation Safety Board. July 30, 1982.
  41. ^ "LAX90LA116". National Transportation Safety Board. March 13, 1990.
  42. ^ "United Airlines jet makes emergency landing at TIA".
  43. ^ Star, Arizona Daily. "2 killed when plane taking off crashes at Tucson airport".
Other sources

External links