Location in Oregon
TROUTDALE OREGON Latitude and Longitude:
|• Mayor||Casey Ryan|
|• Total||6.02 sq mi (15.59 km2)|
|• Land||5.94 sq mi (15.38 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)|
|Elevation||30–200 ft (9.1–61.0 m)|
|Population ( 2010) |
|• Estimate (2016) ||16,617|
|• Density||2,687.2/sq mi (1,037.5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 ( Pacific)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC−7 (Pacific)|
|FIPS code||41-74850 |
|GNIS feature ID||1128248 |
Troutdale is a city in Multnomah County, Oregon, U.S.A., north of Gresham and east of Wood Village. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 15,962.  The city serves as the western gateway to the Historic Columbia River Highway, the Mount Hood Scenic Byway, and the Columbia River Gorge.
The community was once known as Sandy, after the nearby Sandy River; Sandy post office was established in 1854 and closed in 1868.  In 1873, the current city of Sandy in Clackamas County, which was formerly named "Revenue", established a different Sandy post office that is still in operation.  Troutdale was named by pioneer John Harlow for the trout pond in a dale near his house.  Troutdale post office was founded in 1880.  In 1920, a company called the "Bissinger Company" or "Bissinger Wool Pullery" built a firm and a water tower in the city, which are both standing and can both be seen today. The company was supposedly featured in a Ripley's Believe it or Not! column because a cat was found in a stack of animal hides that the company was going to use for its products. The cat was taken care of and became the company's mascot. The cat lived a long and healthy life. The water tower is now known as the "Old Historic Water Tower".
Reynolds Aluminum was once the area's biggest employer.  The Reynolds plant in Troutdale was established in 1941 to provide aluminum for the war effort.  The plant closed in 2000.  The nearby city of Wood Village was a company town founded to house workers from the Reynolds plant. 
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.02 square miles (15.59 km2), of which, 5.94 square miles (15.38 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water. 
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Troutdale has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. 
Troutdale is renowned for having some of the windiest conditions in the Pacific Northwest. Periodically, strong east winds emerge from the Columbia River Gorge that affect the city's temperature and general climate. As a result, several businesses and locations utilize the East Wind identifier in their names or services.
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As of the census  of 2010, there were 15,962 people, 5,671 households, and 4,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,687.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,037.5/km2). There were 5,907 housing units at an average density of 994.4 per square mile (383.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.6% White, 2.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.6% of the population.
There were 5,671 households of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.8% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.20.
The median age in the city was 34 years. 27.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 7.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census  of 2000, there were 13,777 people, 4,671 households, and 3,690 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,761.1 people per square mile (1,066.0/km2). There were 4,865 housing units at an average density of 975.0 per square mile (376.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.54% White, 4.14% Asian, 1.90% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, and 3.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.62% of the population.
There were 4,671 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 30.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $56,593, and the median income for a family was $62,203. Males had a median income of $41,808 versus $30,989 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,778. About 3.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those aged 65 or over.
The local economy has shifted since the start of the century as the Portland region continues to grow. While the majority of residents work in Portland or Gresham, recent industrial development related to at the Port of Portland's Troutdale Reynolds Industrial Park has helped turned the community into a jobs center for the region.
FedEx is currently the largest employer in the city with a sizable distribution facility for its FedEx Ground operations. Other major employers include Amazon, Reynolds School District, Multnomah County Sheriff's Office, Albertsons/Safeway, The Home Depot, and McMenamins.
Troutdale is the home of one of the most notable locations of the local McMenamins brewpub and hotel chain, the 38-acre (154,000 m2) Edgefield, which was formerly the Multnomah County Poor Farm. The site has a hotel and a variety of restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues. Edgefield is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
Open Door Christian Academy is a private school.
Electric interurban service connecting Troutdale with Gresham began in 1907, operated by the Portland Railway, Light and Power Company and connecting in Gresham with interurban service through to Portland.  The line was abandoned in 1927.  
From at least the 1940s  through the 1960s, bus transit service connecting Troutdale with Gresham and Portland was provided by a private company named Portland Stages, Inc.  This service was taken over by TriMet, a then-new public agency, in 1970, and TriMet continues to provide transit service in Troutdale today.
Sunrise Park is a municipal park in Troutdale that consists of a half-mile-long looping trail and rentable garden beds.
- Drew Eubanks, American Basketball Player
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- Climate Summary for Troutdale, Oregon
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- Labbe, John T. (1980). Fares, Please! Those Portland Trolley Years. Caldwell, Idaho (US): Caxton. ISBN 0-87004-287-4.
- Thompson, Richard (2008). Willamette Valley Railways, p. 9. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7.
- "Stage Fares To Increase" (August 6, 1947). The Oregonian, p. 9.
- "Morgan [state public utility commissioner] Grants Bus Fare Hike". (September 17, 1958). The Oregonian, p. 1.
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