Tolland County, Connecticut Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tolland County, Connecticut
County of Connecticut
County of Tolland
UCONNfromsky.jpg
Map of Connecticut highlighting Tolland County
Location in the U.S. state of Connecticut
Map of the United States highlighting Connecticut
Connecticut's location in the U.S.
Founded1785
Seatnone (since 1960)
Tolland (1785-1889)
Rockville (1889-1960)
Largest town Vernon
Area
 • Total417 sq mi (1,080 km2)
 • Land410 sq mi (1,062 km2)
 • Water6.8 sq mi (18 km2), 1.6%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)151,461
 • Density372/sq mi (144/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/ −4
Interactive map of Tolland County, Connecticut

Tolland County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 152,691. [1] Tolland County is incorporated into thirteen towns and was originally formed on 13 October 1785 from portions of eastern Hartford County, Connecticut and western Windham County, Connecticut.

Tolland County is included in the Hartford- West Hartford- East Hartford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Counties in Connecticut have no governmental function: all legal power is vested in the state, city, and town governments. The office of High Sheriff in Connecticut counties was officially abolished by ballot in 2000, and corrections and court service were transferred to the state marshals. Tolland County has the same boundaries as the Tolland Judicial District.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 417 square miles (1,080 km2), of which 410 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 6.8 square miles (18 km2) (1.6%) is water. [2] It is the second-smallest county in Connecticut by land area and smallest by total area.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179013,251
180014,3198.1%
181013,779−3.8%
182014,3304.0%
183018,70230.5%
184017,980−3.9%
185020,09111.7%
186020,7093.1%
187022,0006.2%
188024,1129.6%
189025,0814.0%
190024,523−2.2%
191026,4597.9%
192027,2162.9%
193028,6595.3%
194031,86611.2%
195044,70940.3%
196068,73753.7%
1970103,44050.5%
1980114,82311.0%
1990128,69912.1%
2000136,3646.0%
2010152,69112.0%
Est. 2017151,461 [3]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [4]
1790-1960 [5] 1900-1990 [6]
1990-2000 [7] 2010-2016 [1]
Old Tolland County Jail

2000 census

As of the year 2000, there were 136,364 people, 49,431 households, and 34,156 families residing in the county. The population density was 332/sq mi (128/km²). [1] There were 51,570 housing units at an average density of 126/sq mi (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.34% White, 2.72% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 2.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.9% were of Irish, 14.1% Italian, 9.9% English, 8.8% French, 8.2% German, 8.0% Polish and 5.7% French Canadian ancestry. 90.5% spoke English, 2.9% Spanish and 1.6% French as their first language.

There were 49,431 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 12.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $59,044, and the median income for a family was $70,856. Males had a median income of $46,619 versus $34,255 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,474. 5.60% of the population and 2.90% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 4.60% are under the age of 18 and 5.20% are 65 or older.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 152,691 people, 54,477 households, and 36,707 families residing in the county. [8] The population density was 372.2 inhabitants per square mile (143.7/km2). There were 57,963 housing units at an average density of 141.3 per square mile (54.6/km2). [9] The racial makeup of the county was 89.8% white, 3.4% Asian, 3.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.3% of the population. [8] In terms of ancestry, 22.0% were Irish, 16.8% were Italian, 14.3% were English, 14.2% were German, 10.6% were Polish, 5.6% were French Canadian, and 3.5% were American. [10]

Of the 54,477 households, 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families, and 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 38.3 years. [8]

The median income for a household in the county was $77,175 and the median income for a family was $91,631. Males had a median income of $62,579 versus $46,818 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,108. About 3.2% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. [11]

Demographic breakdown by town

Income

Data is from the 2010 United States Census and the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. [12] [13]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Bolton Town $42,312 $89,432 $93,472 4,980 1,915
2 Tolland Town $41,883 $99,764 $108,564 15,052 5,312
3 Hebron Town $39,416 $108,444 $112,894 9,686 3,398
4 Andover Town $38,710 $84,274 $96,286 3,303 1,244
5 Ellington Town $37,322 $81,582 $95,547 15,602 6,257
6 Columbia Town $36,865 $85,893 $102,353 5,485 2,154
7 Somers Town $35,134 $98,977 $108,636 11,444 3,328
8 Coventry Town $34,524 $86,244 $91,931 12,435 4,783
9 Vernon Town $33,160 $61,103 $77,649 29,179 12,976
10 Union Town $32,032 $79,911 $84,750 854 334
11 Willington Town $29,616 $62,500 $96,422 6,041 2,423
12 Stafford Town $28,027 $64,494 $69,789 12,087 4,767
13 Mansfield Town $21,579 $65,839 $84,128 26,543 5,586

Race

Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates, "Race alone or in combination with one or more other races." [14]

Rank Town Population White Black Asian American
Indian
Other Hispanic
1 Vernon Town 29,199 88.5% 8.8% 4.0% 0.8% 1.8% 7.1%
2 Mansfield Town 26,130 84.4% 6.2% 10.7% 0.3% 1.8% 6.3%
3 Ellington Town 15,394 96.0% 1.6% 2.7% 0.3% 0.2% 1.1%
4 Tolland Town 14,931 97.2% 1.9% 2.4% 1.5% 0.4% 3.1%
5 Coventry Town 12,402 97.1% 1.6% 1.7% 0.6% 0.3% 2.1%
6 Stafford Town 12,055 97.4% 1.2% 1.6% 0.6% 0.9% 3.3%
7 Somers Town 11,385 85.3% 10.0% 2.8% 0.6% 4.0% 5.8%
8 Hebron Town 9,620 99.0% 0.0% 1.6% 0.9% 0.5% 2.4%
9 Willington Town 6,070 98.9% 3.7% 0.2% 0.7% 0.2% 2.4%
10 Columbia Town 5,449 97.8% 1.9% 1.7% 1.9% 0.4% 2.1%
11 Bolton Town 5,006 98.0% 2.9% 0.0% 0.9% 0.8% 4.5%
12 Andover Town 3,143 96.5% 3.0% 1.7% 1.3% 0.0% 0.0%
13 Union Town 990 99.4% 0.0% 0.7% 1.6% 0.0% 1.3%

Communities

Towns

Other communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Tolland County vote
by party in presidential elections
[15]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 44.2% 34,194 49.7% 38,506 6.1% 4,724
2012 42.9% 30,450 55.5% 39,366 1.7% 1,175
2008 38.8% 29,266 59.7% 45,053 1.6% 1,182
2004 43.6% 31,245 54.6% 39,146 1.9% 1,338
2000 39.4% 24,705 53.5% 33,554 7.1% 4,441
1996 33.1% 19,394 51.2% 30,007 15.7% 9,224
1992 31.2% 20,632 41.4% 27,425 27.4% 18,158
1988 50.8% 28,375 48.1% 26,884 1.1% 602
1984 61.9% 32,981 37.7% 20,103 0.4% 214
1980 44.0% 22,127 36.9% 18,557 19.2% 9,662
1976 50.4% 23,703 49.1% 23,079 0.5% 242
1972 56.5% 25,798 42.7% 19,505 0.9% 394
1968 45.5% 16,666 49.1% 18,007 5.4% 1,982
1964 30.9% 9,951 68.9% 22,195 0.2% 58
1960 51.4% 15,386 48.7% 14,575 0.0% 0
1956 63.5% 15,880 36.5% 9,111 0.0% 0
1952 58.7% 13,466 41.1% 9,425 0.2% 52
1948 52.0% 9,012 46.0% 7,970 2.0% 347
1944 51.2% 8,208 48.1% 7,721 0.7% 117
1940 49.4% 7,503 50.5% 7,669 0.2% 25
1936 45.4% 5,965 50.9% 6,676 3.7% 488
1932 51.9% 5,857 44.1% 4,985 4.0% 455
1928 59.7% 6,502 39.1% 4,256 1.2% 126
1924 62.3% 5,161 27.0% 2,239 10.7% 885
1920 66.1% 5,135 29.7% 2,308 4.2% 322
1916 54.7% 2,758 40.3% 2,032 5.0% 250
1912 42.7% 2,024 40.1% 1,901 17.3% 820
1908 57.4% 2,816 35.5% 1,742 7.2% 352
1904 58.7% 2,964 35.1% 1,772 6.3% 317
1900 61.5% 2,997 34.4% 1,678 4.1% 200
1896 67.7% 5,664 26.8% 2,245 5.5% 461
1892 51.1% 4,316 44.5% 3,762 4.4% 374
1888 52.9% 4,363 43.8% 3,613 3.3% 275
1884 50.6% 3,896 44.9% 3,459 4.5% 349

In popular culture

Tolland County is briefly referenced in the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville as the place that the ill-fated African-American shipmate, Pip, comes from.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved Apr 8, 2018.
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  9. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  10. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  11. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  12. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  13. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  14. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.

External links


TOLLAND COUNTY CONNECTICUT Latitude and Longitude:

41°51′N 72°20′W / 41.85°N 72.33°W / 41.85; -72.33