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- Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca — Relación (1542)
- Alonso de Benavides — Memorials (1630–34)
- Anthony Ganilh — Ambrosio de Letinez (1838)
A later author in this period, John Crittenden Duval, was dubbed the "Father of Texas Literature" by J. Frank Dobie. Duval wrote Early Times in Texas (serial form, 1868–71; book, 1892) and Adventures of Big-Foot Wallace (1872). 
Fiction about Texas was written starting in the early 19th century and consisted primarily of romantic historical novels. The Alamo figured prominently in many of these works by authors such as Augusta Evans Wilson, Amelia Edith Barr, and Jeremiah Clemens. 
Two seminal writers who wrote about Texas in the Western tradition are J. Frank Dobie and Walter Prescott Webb. Other non-fiction writers about Texas include Edward C. Abbott, Tom (Thomas Calloway) Lea, Paul Horgan, J. Evetts Haley and Sally Reynolds Matthews. 
One of the most notable early 20th century works of Texas fiction was The Log of a Cowboy (1903) by Andy Adams. It was written in response to the immensely popular novel by Owen Wister, The Virginian, which had been published a year earlier. 
Joseph A. Altsheler wrote a trilogy of Texas fiction in his series The Texan Star (1912), The Texan Scouts (1913), and The Texan Triumph (1913).
Noteworthy authors of the 1930s include Edward Anderson, whose novel Thieves Like Us (1937) has been filmed twice:  first in 1949 by RKO Radio Pictures as They Live by Night, later in 1974 MGM/UA studios released Thieves Like Us, directed by Robert Altman. This period also included much of the work of famed Texas pulp magazine author, Robert E. Howard, creator of Conan the Barbarian. 
- Texas Institute of Letters
- Handbook of Texas
- Category:Texas literature
- List of newspapers in Texas
- Southern literature (United States)
- Almon, Bert. This Stubborn Self: Texas Autobiographies. Texas Christian University Press, 2002.
- Clifford, Craig, and Tom Pilkington, eds. Range Wars: Heated Debates, Sober Reflections, and Other Assessments of Texas Writing. Southern Methodist University Press, 1989.
- Dobie, J. Frank (1952). Life and Literature in the Southwest — Online version of the guide to books about Texas
- Graham, Don, James W. Lee, and William T. Pilkington, eds. The Texas Literary Tradition: Fiction, Folklore, History. University of Texas at Austin, 1983.
- Graham, Don (ed.). Lone Star Literature: From the Red River to the Rio Grande. W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. ISBN 0-393-05043-2. Paperback, 2006. ISBN 0-393-32828-7
- Grider, Sylvia Ann, and Lou Halsell Rodenberger, eds. Texas Women Writers: A Tradition of Their Own. Texas A&M University Press, 1997.
- Knight, Lucian Lamar, ed. (1913). "Fifty Reading Courses: Texas". Library of Southern Literature. 16. Atlanta: Martin and Hoyt Company. p. 214+ – via HathiTrust.
- Pilkington, Tom. State of Mind: Texas Literature and Culture. Texas A&M University Press, 1998.
- Wiesepape, Betty Holland (2004). Lone Star Chapters: The Story of Texas Literary Clubs. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 978-1-58544-324-6.