|Location||St. Marys River|
SUGAR ISLAND (MICHIGAN) Latitude and Longitude:
|Area||49.44 sq mi (128.0 km2)|
|Township||Sugar Island Township|
|Pop. density||13.8 /sq mi (5.33 /km2)|
Sugar Island is an island in the U.S. state of Michigan in the St. Marys River between the United States and the Canadian province of Ontario. The entire island constitutes Sugar Island Township in Chippewa County at the eastern tip of the Upper Peninsula. According to the 2000 census there were 683 people living on a land area of 128 square kilometres (49 square miles). 
The island lies between Lake George and Lake Nicolet, and to the north of Neebish Island and St. Joseph Island. Pine Island is just east of its southern tip. Vehicle access to the island is via a ferry service at its northwestern tip, connecting east of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
The island has large undeveloped areas, and both the Bay Mills Indian Community and the Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians have interests on the island. The Sault Tribe consider it to be part of their ancestral homelands.
The University of Michigan Biological Station operates the Chase Osborn Preserve, a 3,200-acre (13-square-kilometre) tract near the southern tip of the island. The Preserve is named for Chase Osborn, an island resident who had been the Governor of Michigan.
- Sugar Island Township, Chippewa County United States Census Bureau
- Mires, Charlene (Spring 2009). "Sault Ste. Marie as the Capital of the World? Stellanova Osborn and the Pursuit of the United Nations, 1945". Michigan Historical Review. Central Michigan University. 35 (1): 61–82.