Stark County, Illinois Article

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Stark County, Illinois
Wyoming CB&Q depot.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Stark County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1839
Named for John Stark
Seat Toulon
Largest city Wyoming
Area
 • Total288 sq mi (746 km2)
 • Land288 sq mi (746 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (1 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • ( 2010)5,994
 • Density21/sq mi (8/km2)
Congressional districts 16th, 18th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.starkcountyillinois.com

Stark County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 5,994. [1] Its county seat is Toulon. [2]

Stark County is part of the Peoria, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Stark County was formed in 1839 out of Knox and Putnam counties. It was named for General Colonel John Stark,(August 28, 1728 – May 8, 1822) who served in the American Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.

In the latter part of April, 1829 a solitary, heavily laden wagon was wending its way from the hospitable home of Mr. French, at Prince's Grove, about a half mile north-west of the present town of Princeville, towards Spoon River, probably crossing that stream at a point since known as Boardman's Ford, or, as others think, near the seat of Cox's Mill, and moving on towards section fifteen in what has since been known as Essex Township. [3]

The weather was warm and balmy considering the season. The prairie burnt over by the Indians in the fall was already green with sprouting grass. Accompanying this vehicle were as it might seem a guard of good men, and true; "neighbors" they called themselves, although they must have lived many miles apart, some of them thirty or forty from the scene of their present friendly labors, having come from LaSalle Prairie, from Chillicothe and Peoria. They were neither hunters or warriors, they feared no enemy, and sought not the "spoils of war". [3]

It was a peaceable expedition and its leader was the occupant of the wagon, Isaac B. Essex, then in the strength of his manhood, and with him came his young wife and infant child to found a home in the wilderness. The "neighbors" were Daniel Prince, Stephen French, Simon Reed, Frank Thomas and two Baptist ministers, Elders Silliman and Allen. The former of these two was the father of the much respected Toulon townsman Minott Silliman, the first treasurer of Stark county. And these men had come so far to raise a cabin! [3]

Mr. Essex had been out and made a claim in 1828, and in the fall of that year cut the logs and split the clap-boards for his house, probably all of which were on the northeast quarter of section fifteen. They now proceeded to haul them together and get them in shape on the proposed building site. They all camped in the woods the first night, but towards sundown of the second day, the cabin was raised, the roof on, and as Mr. Essex graphically said "we cut a log out and moved in." [3]

This was emphatically the first pioneer cabin, the first home of non-Native American settlers within the present limits of Stark County. [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 288 square miles (750 km2), of which 288 square miles (750 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.1%) is water. [4]

Climate and weather

Toulon, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
28
10
 
 
1.4
 
 
34
16
 
 
2.5
 
 
46
26
 
 
3.5
 
 
60
37
 
 
3.5
 
 
71
48
 
 
4.5
 
 
80
59
 
 
4
 
 
84
62
 
 
4.1
 
 
82
60
 
 
3
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.6
 
 
63
39
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
29
 
 
2.4
 
 
33
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toulon have ranged from a low of 10 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.41 inches (36 mm) in February to 4.46 inches (113 mm) in June. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,573
18503,710135.9%
18609,004142.7%
187010,75119.4%
188011,2074.2%
18909,982−10.9%
190010,1862.0%
191010,098−0.9%
19209,693−4.0%
19309,184−5.3%
19408,881−3.3%
19508,721−1.8%
19608,152−6.5%
19707,510−7.9%
19807,389−1.6%
19906,534−11.6%
20006,332−3.1%
20105,994−5.3%
Est. 20165,776 [6]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,994 people, 2,425 households, and 1,673 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 20.8 inhabitants per square mile (8.0/km2). There were 2,674 housing units at an average density of 9.3 per square mile (3.6/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. [11] In terms of ancestry, 33.5% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 13.8% were English, 10.8% were American, and 9.8% were Swedish. [12]

Of the 2,425 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 43.8 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,195 and the median income for a family was $62,681. Males had a median income of $44,931 versus $29,621 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,311. About 7.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. [13]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Stark County is divided into these townships:

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.8% 1,778 27.4% 751 7.8% 214
2012 57.4% 1,528 41.1% 1,095 1.5% 39
2008 51.8% 1,513 46.5% 1,357 1.7% 49
2004 60.1% 1,841 38.8% 1,189 1.0% 31
2000 56.7% 1,694 40.5% 1,211 2.8% 84
1996 44.6% 1,278 44.1% 1,262 11.3% 324
1992 41.3% 1,384 39.9% 1,336 18.8% 631
1988 58.4% 1,841 40.4% 1,274 1.2% 38
1984 67.2% 2,228 32.3% 1,072 0.5% 18
1980 69.8% 2,358 23.9% 806 6.4% 216
1976 63.3% 2,191 33.1% 1,146 3.5% 122
1972 71.4% 2,529 28.1% 993 0.5% 18
1968 62.5% 2,292 30.8% 1,128 6.7% 245
1964 54.4% 2,117 45.6% 1,776 0.0% 0
1960 67.8% 2,925 32.1% 1,383 0.1% 6
1956 74.3% 3,241 25.6% 1,118 0.1% 2
1952 75.5% 3,398 24.4% 1,100 0.0% 2
1948 68.4% 2,537 31.4% 1,163 0.2% 7
1944 68.4% 3,050 31.4% 1,401 0.2% 7
1940 64.9% 3,393 34.8% 1,818 0.3% 14
1936 54.4% 2,696 44.8% 2,220 0.9% 42
1932 46.8% 2,119 52.3% 2,369 1.0% 45
1928 69.1% 2,966 30.4% 1,306 0.5% 21
1924 71.1% 2,698 20.7% 784 8.3% 314
1920 79.6% 2,750 19.1% 661 1.3% 45
1916 66.6% 2,887 32.1% 1,390 1.4% 60
1912 45.0% 1,053 28.6% 669 26.4% 618
1908 66.3% 1,635 29.9% 738 3.8% 94
1904 71.3% 1,764 23.2% 574 5.5% 137
1900 61.4% 1,665 34.6% 939 4.0% 109
1896 60.0% 1,636 37.8% 1,030 2.2% 59
1892 50.8% 1,240 33.7% 824 15.5% 379

See also

References

 This article incorporates text from Stark County and Its Pioneers, by Shallenberger, Eliza Hall, a publication from 1876 now in the public domain in the United States.

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ a b c d e Shallenberger, Eliza Hall (1876). Stark County and Its Pioneers. B.W. Seaton.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Toulon, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-11-12.

External links


STARK COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

41°05′N 89°47′W / 41.09°N 89.79°W / 41.09; -89.79