Sillery, Quebec City Article

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Sillery
District ( French: quartier)
Sillery and the Saint Lawrence River
Brulat coat of arms
Coat of arms
Etymology: Noël Brûlart de Sillery
Motto(s): Non multa sed multum
Location of Sillery in relation to the boroughs and districts of Quebec City
Sillery in relation to Québec City's boroughs and other districts
Location of Sillery within Quebec City
Location of Sillery within Quebec City
Sillery
Sillery within Québec City
Coordinates: 46°46′25″N 71°15′40″W / 46.77361110000004°N 71.26111109999994°W / 46.77361110000004; -71.26111109999994 (Sillery)
SILLERY QUEBEC CITY Latitude and Longitude:

46°46′25″N 71°15′40″W / 46.77361110000004°N 71.26111109999994°W / 46.77361110000004; -71.26111109999994 (Sillery)
[1] [2]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
City  Quebec City
Founded1637
District of Sainte-Foy–Sillery borough1 January 2002
District of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge borough1 November 2009
Founded by Noël Brûlart de Sillery (financier) • Jesuits
FaubourgBergerville, Nolansville, Saint-Michel
Government
 • BodyConseil de quartier
Area
 • Total755 ha (1,866 acres)
Population (2011)
 • Total14,335
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sillerois (m) / Silleroise (f)
Time zone UTC-5 ( EST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)418
ISO 3166 codeCA-QC
Website www.ville.quebec.qc.ca/citoyens/participation-citoyenne/conseils_quartier/sillery/index.aspx

Sillery, a former independent city founded in 1637, is one of 35 administrative sectors ( French: quartiers), which are unincorporated places, located in the post-expansion jurisdiction of the City of Quebec, Quebec, Canada. [3] [4] Sillery was one of multiple self-governing municipalities amalgamated into a vastly expanded Quebec City, that went into legal effect on 1 January 2002, as part of the province-wide 2000–06 municipal reorganization in Quebec. Located alongside in what pre-merger was the southwestern border of Quebec City, Sillery is a constituent district ( French: quartier) of the borough ( French: arrondissement) of Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge. The territorially expanded City of Quebec consists of six boroughs.

Four heritage sites are located within Quebec City, one of which is situated in Sillery. [4] The neighborhood of Sillery contains the Sillery Heritage Site, which was recognized as heritage district by the provincial government on 5 February 1964. [5] On 22 June 2006, the federal government's Parks Canada included Sillery's historic district on its Canadian Register of Historic Places. [6] In 2013, Quebec City changed the name of the historic district to Sillery Heritage Site ( French: site patrimonial de Sillery), as part of its preparation for the provincial government's transfer of responsibility for the district's management to it. [5]

The City of Quebec has 27 neighborhood councils ( French: conseils de quartiers) spread across its territorial jurisdiction. [7] Sillery has city representation and citizen participation through le conseil de quartier de Sillery. The council has public meetings, at Sillery's community center, which on average are scheduled once a month. Sillery elects a total of 10 board members in staggered terms of office holding. [8]

History

Sillery was named for Noël Brûlart de Sillery (1577–1640), Knight of Malta. A wealthy and successful French diplomat, he renounced worldly goods and became a Catholic priest. He provided the funds for the establishment in 1637–1638 of a settlement for Native American ( First Nations) converts to Catholicism. [4] [9]

The community was Canada's first Indian reserve, established at a cove where the Algonquin fished for eels. Originally named in honor of Saint Joseph, the settlement became the home of up to 40 Algonquin Christian families, who lived there most of the year, excluding the hunting season. Missionaries to New France, such as Jacques Gravier, studied with the indigenous residents of Sillery to learn their languages before going to more distant settlements. By the early 18th century, he had compiled a nearly 600–page dictionary of Kaskaskia Illinois-French. Many of the community's natives fell victim to epidemics of new infectious diseases, to which they had no natural immunity. The settlement was largely depopulated by the late 1680s. [3]

Renamed Sillery in honor of its financier, the town later became important as a port for the lumber industry. The city of Sillery's motto was non multa sed multum, the Latin proverb of "not many things, but much," a fit descriptor for the small enclave. From the land at the water's edge, including Anse au Foulon, site of the disembarkation of General Wolfe's successful army in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the community spread up to the top of the heights overlooking the Saint Lawrence River. In 1760, during the French and Indian War, the Battle of Sainte-Foy was fought near Sillery, as part of a French attempt to re-capture Quebec City, which had been taken by the British the previous year.

Sillery houses Bois-de-Coulonge Park, once the viceregal residence of Quebec. A villa known as Government House was built in 1854 by the government of the Province of Canada, and was purchased by the Quebec Government in 1870 to serve as the residence of Quebec's Lieutenant-Governors until 1966, when a major fire destroyed the main residence. Originally an estate ( French: domaine) named in honor of the assassinated United Kingdom Prime Minister Spencer Perceval, in 1815, by his nephew, Michael Henry Perceval, it was renamed Bois-de-Coulonge in 1950. [10] [11]

Commanding the bluffs just west of the city of Québec, in modern times Sillery was known principally for its quiet tree-lined streets, historic churches such as Saint-Michel de Sillery Church, views of the river, and several very old schools run by a variety of religious institutes. [12] Its coat of arms consisted of a red shield with a white Maltese cross in the upper right hand corner and a three-masted ship in the lower left.

Profile

Commercial Maguire Street (avenue Maguire)

On 1 January 2002, as part of a legislated amalgamation of cities across Quebec, Sillery ceased to exist as a distinct entity. Its territory is now a part of the Sainte-Foy—Sillery—Cap-Rouge Borough of Québec. Of the former municipalities that now comprise Québec, Sillery was relatively linguistically diverse. In 2006, 4.95% of its population had at least english for mother tongue, and 5,75% for languages other than French or English [13], while for the census metropolitan area of Quebec City, it was respectively 1.75% and 2.93%. [14]

Sillery is also known as one of the most affluent area of Quebec City, as residential properties sold on average for CA$570,000 in 2017, and where live a number of professors of nearby Laval University. [15] Nonetheless, there is still a pocket of modest and small apartment buildings. [16]

According to the statistics agency of Quebec, in 2001 the average income of Sillery households was $113,091, and 58% of them earned more than $80,000 per year (in both case the highest figure in the Capitale-Nationale region.) [17] In 2012, the personal average income was $55,645, still the highest in the Quebec City region. [18]

Census data

The city of Sillery was dissolved in 2002, but Statistics Canada still provided information up to the Census of 2006 [13]:

  • Population: 11,803 (-0.9% change since 2001)
  • Number of private dwellings: 4,856
  • Average household size : 2.3 persons
  • Median household income (for 2005): $107,142
  • Percentage of Canadian citizens: 94.15%
  • Percentage of visible minority: 5%
  • Population over 15 years of age without a certificate, diploma or degree: 8.06%
  • Area: 6.7 km²
  • Density: 1,761.3 persons per km²

See also

References

  1. ^ Sillery – ERKFD – Geographic Names. Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation, Earth Sciences Sector, Natural Resources Canada, Government of Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  2. ^ "ERKFD, Sillery, Geographic Names, HTML format". geogratis.gc.ca (HTML). Toponymic Feature ID: 0fdc1466849c20c35a6e85f5c35a79c2. Natural Resources Canada. 2016-10-06 [2002 Decision Date, Quebec Commission de Toponymie]. Retrieved 2018-11-04. Status: Official; Feature Type: Unincorporated place; Feature Generic: Administrative Sector; Location: Québec, Québec.
  3. ^ a b Miquelon, Dale; Parrott, Zach (2015-05-26). Sillery. The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN  978-0-77102-099-5. OCLC  904169186. OL  8533423W. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  4. ^ a b c Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge – Portrait – Géographie – À propos de la ville. Ville de Québec (in French). 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  5. ^ a b "Site patrimonial de Sillery — Fiche de l'élément — Répertoire du patrimoine culturel du Québec". ministère de la Culture et des Communications (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  6. ^ Arrondissement historique de Sillery. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2018-11-03.
  7. ^ "Tous les conseils de quartier". Ville.Quebec.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  8. ^ "Conseil de quartier de Sillery". Ville.Quebec.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  9. ^ Lapointe, Pierre Louis (2015-03-04). "Sillery (Qué)". The Canadian Encyclopedia. ISBN  978-0-77102-099-5. OCLC  904169186. OL  8533423W. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  10. ^ Michael Henry Perceval (vers 1779-1829) – Histoire. Assemblée nationale du Québec (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  11. ^ L'histoire du Parc du Bois-de-Coulonge un parc public – Parc historique – Parc du Bois-de-Coulonge – Parcs – Parcs et places publiques – Commission de la capitale nationale du Québec. Commission de la capitale nationale du Québec (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  12. ^ St-Michel de Sillery Church – Our Churches. Corporation du patrimoine et du tourisme religieux de Québec. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  13. ^ a b "Sillery 2006 Community Profile". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  14. ^ "Census metropolitan area of Quebec 2006 Community Profile". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  15. ^ Talbot, Dominique (2016-02-27). "" La crème de la crème à Québec " - La Presse+". La Presse+ (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  16. ^ "Arrondissement de Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge: Habitats, milieux de vie et participation sociale des aînés : constats et perspectives" (PDF) (in French). Institut sur le vieillissement et la participation sociale des aînés de l’Université Laval Institut sur le vieillissement et la participation sociale des aînés de l’Université Laval. 2014. p. 4.
  17. ^ Québec, Institut de la Statistique du. "Familles de recensement selon la tranche de revenu et le revenu moyen, région administrative de la Capitale-Nationale, 2000". www.stat.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  18. ^ "Profil territorial de Québec" (PDF) (in French). Centraide ( United Way of Canada).

External links