Secondary poverty is a description of poverty referring to those living below the poverty line whose income was sufficient for them to live above the line, but was spent on things other than the necessities of life. 
The National Anti-Gambling League, which was founded in 1890, condemned the lottery as a cause of secondary poverty.  More recently, sociologist Gerda Reith stated that the lottery exploited working classes who see it as one of the sole avenues for liberation from oppression.  Reith has stated that governments use the lottery as a means to increase their revenue, calling it an "extra form of taxation". 
In the United States, "14 percent of Americans' incomes are spent on cigarettes, rounding out to roughly one-seventh of their total income." 
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- University of Glasgow, Extracts from B. Seebohm Rowntree, Poverty: A Study of Town Life