Scott County, Kansas Article

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Scott County, Kansas
County
Battle Canyon (Scott Co KS) monument 2.JPG
Map of Kansas highlighting Scott County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedMarch 20, 1873
Named for Winfield Scott [1]
Seat Scott City
Largest cityScott City
Area
 • Total718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.02%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016)5,032
 • Density6.9/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website County Website

Scott County (standard abbreviation: SC) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 4,936. [2] Its county seat is Scott City, [3] the only city in the county.

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1873, Scott County was established.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 718 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.02%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188043
18901,2622,834.9%
19001,098−13.0%
19103,047177.5%
19203,1212.4%
19303,97627.4%
19403,773−5.1%
19504,92130.4%
19605,2286.2%
19705,6067.2%
19805,7823.1%
19905,289−8.5%
20005,120−3.2%
20104,936−3.6%
Est. 20165,032 [5]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2016 [2]
Age pyramid

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 5,120 people, 2,045 households, and 1,435 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,291 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.47% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 2.75% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 6.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,045 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,534, and the median income for a family was $50,549. Males had a median income of $32,166 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,443. About 2.10% of families and 5.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 84.7% 1,865 10.7% 236 4.6% 101
2012 84.2% 1,728 13.5% 277 2.3% 47
2008 83.7% 1,823 14.7% 321 1.6% 35
2004 83.7% 1,924 15.1% 347 1.2% 28
2000 78.6% 1,811 18.2% 418 3.2% 74
1996 73.4% 1,750 19.2% 458 7.4% 176
1992 56.3% 1,426 18.9% 480 24.8% 628
1988 67.0% 1,590 30.2% 717 2.9% 68
1984 81.1% 2,017 17.2% 427 1.7% 42
1980 75.6% 1,829 18.9% 456 5.5% 133
1976 54.7% 1,195 42.1% 919 3.2% 69
1972 74.3% 1,547 21.6% 449 4.1% 86
1968 66.3% 1,374 24.1% 500 9.7% 200
1964 52.5% 1,143 46.7% 1,016 0.8% 18
1960 71.3% 1,514 28.2% 598 0.6% 12
1956 75.1% 1,376 24.6% 451 0.3% 5
1952 78.3% 1,681 20.6% 443 1.0% 22
1948 56.9% 1,040 40.4% 739 2.7% 50
1944 60.9% 903 38.1% 565 0.9% 14
1940 57.2% 988 41.5% 717 1.2% 21
1936 36.3% 625 63.6% 1,096 0.2% 3
1932 34.0% 595 62.5% 1,092 3.5% 61
1928 65.8% 886 33.4% 450 0.8% 11
1924 50.9% 734 30.8% 445 18.3% 264
1920 58.5% 636 34.9% 379 6.6% 72
1916 33.2% 416 54.5% 684 12.4% 155
1912 9.2% 56 40.8% 247 50.0% 303 [a]
1908 47.1% 324 42.7% 294 10.2% 70
1904 62.6% 275 18.0% 79 19.4% 85
1900 44.1% 128 54.8% 159 1.0% 3
1896 36.0% 91 63.6% 161 0.4% 1
1892 46.0% 142 54.0% 167
1888 54.7% 294 33.8% 182 11.5% 62

Laws

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Scott County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county, [12] with 3.2% cereal-malt beverages available in grocery stores.

Education

Unified school districts

Library

The Scott County Public Library is located at 110 West 8th in Scott City. The Scott County Library was the first free county public library in the state of Kansas. It was started in September 1923 with the five members of the library committee each checking out a book for herself and one for her husband thus the library checked out ten books on the first day that it was open. Two rooms on the second floor of the Cretcher Lumber Company office building were made available for the library. L. W. Cretcher, owner of the lumber yard, gave the library a boost by painting the rooms, furnishing a stove, shelves, cupboards, lights, and free rent. In November 1924 a proposal was placed on the ballot for the library to be a county funded entity. A room was set aside in the basement of the newly built courthouse for the library, which at that time possessed 861 books. The library in the courthouse was opened to the public in July 1925. The library remained in the basement of the Scott County Courthouse until a separate library building was constructed at 110 West 8th Street in 1964. This building was 4,150 square feet (386 m2) with a 660-square-foot (61 m2) meeting room available to the public. In 2004, the Scott County Library Board began a fundraising effort for a Library Building expansion of 7,350 feet (2,240 m). The Library expansion and remodel to 12,160 square feet (1,130 m2) was completed in May 2009. [13]

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Scott County ( map legend)

City

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Scott County is divided into seven townships. Scott City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Beaver 05175 302 1 (3) 309 (119) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°37′11″N 100°59′58″W / 38.61972°N 100.99944°W / 38.61972; -100.99944
Isbel 34575 110 1 (1) 206 (80) 0 (0) 0% 38°28′52″N 101°2′52″W / 38.48111°N 101.04778°W / 38.48111; -101.04778
Keystone 36600 106 1 (1) 206 (80) 0 (0) 0% 38°30′17″N 100°45′4″W / 38.50472°N 100.75111°W / 38.50472; -100.75111
Lake 37850 95 0 (1) 311 (120) 0 (0) 0% 38°20′23″N 100°49′39″W / 38.33972°N 100.82750°W / 38.33972; -100.82750
Michigan 46175 88 0 (1) 308 (119) 0 (0) 0% 38°36′23″N 100°48′23″W / 38.60639°N 100.80639°W / 38.60639; -100.80639
Scott 63575 309 2 (4) 202 (78) 0 (0) 0% 38°29′31″N 100°55′0″W / 38.49194°N 100.91667°W / 38.49194; -100.91667
Valley 73125 255 1 (2) 311 (120) 0 (0) 0% 38°21′6″N 100°58′13″W / 38.35167°N 100.97028°W / 38.35167; -100.97028

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welcome to the Scott County website". Scott County, Kansas. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-01-21.
  13. ^ History of Early Scott County, Scott County Historical Society, 1977. pp. 306-307.
Notes
  1. ^ This total comprises 232 votes (38.3%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 71 votes (11.7%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

Further reading

External links

County
Other
Maps


SCOTT COUNTY KANSAS Latitude and Longitude:

38°28′N 100°54′W / 38.467°N 100.900°W / 38.467; -100.900