Rutherford County, Tennessee Article

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Rutherford County, Tennessee
Rutherford county courthouse 9736.JPG
Seal of Rutherford County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Rutherford County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.

RUTHERFORD COUNTY TENNESSEE Latitude and Longitude:

35°50′N 86°25′W / 35.84°N 86.42°W / 35.84; -86.42
FoundedOctober 25, 1803
Named for Griffith Rutherford [1]
Government
•  Mayor

Ernest G. Burgess
Seat Murfreesboro
Largest cityMurfreesboro
Area
 • Total624 sq mi (1,616 km2)
 • Land619 sq mi (1,603 km2)
 • Water4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)317,157
 • Density498/sq mi (192/km2)
ZIP Code(s)37037, 37060, 37063, 37085, 37086, 37089, 37118, 37127, 37128, 37129, 37130, 37131, 37132, 37133, 37153, 37167
Area code(s) 615, 629
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website rutherfordcountytn.gov

Rutherford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 262,604, growing to an estimated 317,157 in 2017, [2] making it the fifth-most populous county in Tennessee. Its county seat is Murfreesboro, [3] which is also the geographic center of Tennessee. As of 2010, it is the center of population of Tennessee. [4] [5]

Rutherford County is included in the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro– Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Rutherford County was formed in 1803 from parts of Davidson, Williamson and Wilson counties, [1] and named in honor of Griffith Rutherford (1721–1805). [6] Rutherford was a North Carolina colonial legislator and an American Revolutionary War general, who settled in Middle Tennessee after the Revolution. He was appointed President of the Council of the Southwest Territory (the upper chamber of the territorial legislature) in 1794. [7]

Rutherford County strongly supported the Confederacy during the Civil War, having voted 2,392 to 73 in favor of Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession on June 8, 1861. [8] Rutherford County's central location and proximity to Nashville during the Civil War made it a contested area. [9] The county was home to one of the bloodiest battles of the war, the Battle of Stones River, which was fought between December 31, 1861, and January 2, 1862. On July 13, 1862, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest conducted a series of cavalry operations known locally as Forrest's Raid. The raid successfully led to the surrender of all Union forces occupying the area. [10] Soon after his departure, Union troops returned to the area and held it until the end of the war.

Geography

Sunset in Murfreesboro

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 619 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water. [11]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected areas

  • Flat Rock Cedar Glades and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Gattinger's Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area (part)
  • Long Hunter State Park (part)
  • Manus Road Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Overbridge State Natural Area
  • Percy Priest Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Elsie Quarterman Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Fate Sanders Barrens State Natural Area
  • Sunnybell Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Stones River Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area
  • Walterhill Floodplain State Natural Area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
181010,265
182019,55290.5%
183026,13433.7%
184024,280−7.1%
185029,12219.9%
186027,918−4.1%
187033,28919.2%
188036,74110.4%
189035,097−4.5%
190033,543−4.4%
191033,199−1.0%
192033,059−0.4%
193032,286−2.3%
194033,6044.1%
195040,69621.1%
196052,36828.7%
197059,42813.5%
198084,05841.4%
1990118,57041.1%
2000182,02353.5%
2010262,60444.3%
Est. 2016308,251 [2]17.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2016 [2]
Age pyramid, Rutherford County. [16]

From the 2010 census, there were 262,604 people and 96,731 households residing in the county. The population density was 424 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 96,731 housing units at an average density of 114 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.7% White, 14.0% Black or African American, 3.3% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.3% from two or more races. 7.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the 2000 census, there were 182,023 people, 66,443 households, and 47,440 families residing in the county. The population density was 294 people per square mile (114/km²), and there were 70,616 housing units. The racial makeup of the county was 85.73% White, 9.51% Black or African American, 1.90% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 66,443 households out of which 37.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female head of household with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 13.20% from 18 to 24, 33.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,312, and the median income for a family was $53,553. Males had a median income of $36,788 versus $26,555 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,938. About 5.80% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

The 2010 census put the population of Rutherford County at 262,604. This represents a greater than 40% population growth since the 2000 U.S. Census. As of 2009, it was estimated that the total minority fraction of the population had grown to almost 20% of the total, with Hispanic population at 5.58%, African-American population at 12.09%, and Asian population at 2.66% of the total. [17]

Government and politics

The Board of County Commissioners, the county legislative body, consists of 21 members elected for four-year terms from single-member districts based on roughly equal populations. The county mayor is the chief executive officer and is elected from the county at-large.

Political parties

This area of the state was predominately Democratic following the American Civil War, but the significant minority of African Americans joined the Republican Party. The white-dominated state legislature in the 1880s passed four laws that effectively disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites, particularly due to the requirement of payment of a poll tax in order to register to vote. This reduced the competitiveness of the Republican Party in the state for more than six decades, and thus it effectively held political power only in eastern Tennessee.

Presidential Elections Results [18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 60.1% 64,515 34.2% 36,706 5.8% 6,215
2012 61.6% 60,846 36.8% 36,414 1.6% 1,588
2008 58.8% 59,892 39.7% 40,460 1.5% 1,547
2004 61.8% 52,200 37.5% 31,647 0.7% 562
2000 53.8% 33,445 44.0% 27,360 2.2% 1,377
1996 47.6% 24,565 44.2% 22,815 8.2% 4,214
1992 40.0% 18,877 44.7% 21,084 15.2% 7,179
1988 62.2% 20,397 37.3% 12,245 0.5% 159
1984 62.0% 19,503 36.9% 11,618 1.1% 348
1980 41.0% 11,208 55.6% 15,213 3.4% 929
1976 34.3% 7,921 64.4% 14,854 1.3% 307
1972 64.1% 11,256 33.1% 5,811 2.8% 487
1968 24.7% 4,168 29.2% 4,921 46.1% 7,773
1964 29.9% 4,088 70.1% 9,580
1960 41.0% 4,526 58.0% 6,410 1.1% 116
1956 29.2% 2,713 69.8% 6,494 1.1% 99
1952 31.8% 3,196 67.5% 6,793 0.7% 72
1948 14.1% 854 68.3% 4,151 17.7% 1,073
1944 15.6% 879 83.9% 4,730 0.5% 29
1940 15.6% 782 84.0% 4,207 0.4% 20
1936 12.3% 580 87.1% 4,101 0.6% 29
1932 13.3% 606 86.2% 3,924 0.4% 20
1928 40.3% 1,429 59.7% 2,115
1924 23.9% 680 75.0% 2,137 1.1% 32
1920 35.6% 1,881 64.4% 3,406
1916 27.5% 1,116 72.5% 2,941
1912 24.5% 1,217 68.6% 3,406 6.9% 344

Since the late 20th century, the majority of white conservatives in Rutherford County shifted toward the Republican Party. After gaining enforcement of their voting rights under the Voting Rights Act of 1965, most local African Americans favored the Democratic Party.

The changing demographics of the county has shown a slow and shifting increase in minorities; however, this small change has resulted in no significant impact to party alignment. In recent years the county has favored Republican candidates for local, state, and national elections.

Economy

The top employers in the county are listed below. Rutherford County government including Rutherford County Schools also employ 6,028 individuals. [19]

Murfreesboro

Smyrna and La Vergne

The county is also home to Barrett Firearms Manufacturing, a General Mills production facility, and a Whirlpool Corporation plant.

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Hankins, Caneta Skelley (December 25, 2009). "Rutherford County". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016. Rutherford County and Associated Incorporated Locations". United States Census Bureau. 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  5. ^ "Geographic Center of Tennessee". The Historical Marker Database. December 31, 2009. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 258 (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 268. OCLC  1156805.
  7. ^ Garrett, William Robertson; Goodpasture, Albert Virgil (1900). History of Tennessee: Its People and Its Institutions. Nashville, TN: Brandon Printing. p. 339. OCLC  1986075.
  8. ^ Jones, Shirley Ferris (May 29, 2012). "Merry Month of May". The Murfreesboro Post via Rutherford County Historical Society. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  9. ^ "A History of Rutherford County, Tennessee". Rutherford County Historical Society. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  10. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summaries: Murfreesboro". National Park Service. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
  16. ^ Based on 2000 United States Census data
  17. ^ Rutherford County Pop-Facts: Demographic Snapshot Report Archived 2007-11-07 at the Wayback Machine. from the Rutherford Chamber of Commerce
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  19. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Rutherford County, Tennessee, For the Year Ended June 30, 2016" (PDF). Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury. 2016. p. 301. Retrieved June 9, 2017.

External links