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|Long title||An Act for the relief of the distressed and starving people of Russia.|
|Nicknames||Russian Famine Relief Act of 1921|
|Enacted by||the 67th United States Congress|
|Effective||December 22, 1921|
|Statutes at Large||42 Stat. 351|
The Russian Famine Relief Act of 1921 authorized the expenditure of $20,000,000 for the purchase of American foodstuffs to send to post revolutionary Russia, for relief of the Russian famine of 1921–22.
The Act was overseen by Herbert Hoover, serving simultaneously as the U.S. Secretary of Commerce and the head of the American Relief Administration, and signed into law in late December. With the Russian Civil War winding down, and Lenin having implemented the pseudo-Capitalist New Economic Policy (NEP) in order to get the Russian economy back on its feet, some like Hoover and Sen. William E. Borah of Idaho that hoped that the aid would serve as political leverage against the Bolshevik regime.
Others, President Warren G. Harding, Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, and the business Conservatives within the Administration refused to countenance the idea, unless the Soviets were willing to pay back the money loaned to the Tsar’s regime during the war. Lenin refused, and so while the act was a genuine humanitarian gesture, it accomplished little in changing the tense relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union.
- Droughts and famines in Russia and the Soviet Union
- Russian famine of 1601–03
- Russian famine of 1891–92
- Patenaude, Bertrand M. "Hoover Archives: Food as a Weapon". Hoover Digest - Research and Opinion on Public Policy. Hoover Institution. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link)
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Calvin Coolidge: 'First Annual Message', December 6, 1923". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
- "Revelations from the Russian Archives". Exhibitions. United States Library of Congress.
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