Roosevelt elk Information

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Roosevelt Elk
Roosevelt Elk at Northwest Trek.jpg
Male (bull) at Northwest Trek, Washington, US
Roosevelt Elk.jpg
Female at Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, US
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
C. c. roosevelti
Trinomial name
Cervus canadensis roosevelti

The Roosevelt elk ( Cervus canadensis roosevelti), also known as Olympic elk, is the largest of the four surviving subspecies of elk in North America. [1] Their range includes the rain forests of the Pacific Northwest, extends to parts of northern California, and they were introduced to Kodiak, Alaska's Afognak and Raspberry Islands in 1928. [2] [3] The desire to protect the elk was one of the primary forces behind the establishment of the Mount Olympus National Monument (later Olympic National Park) in 1909. [4]


Adults grow to around 6–10 ft (1.8–3 m) in length and stand 2.5–5.6 ft (0.75–1.7 m) [5] tall at the wither. [3] Elk bulls generally weigh between 700 and 1100 lb (300–500 kg), while cows weigh 575–625 lb (260–285 kg). [1] Some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1300 lb (600 kg). [1]

From late spring to early fall, Roosevelt elk feed on herbaceous plants, such as grasses and sedges. [3] During winter months, they feed on woody plants, including highbush cranberry, elderberry, devil's club, and newly planted seedlings (Douglas-fir and western redcedar). [3] Roosevelt elk are also known to eat blueberries, mushrooms, lichens, and salmonberries. [3]

Life cycle

In the wild, Roosevelt elk rarely live beyond 12 to 15 years, but in captivity have been known to live over 25 years. [3]


This elk subspecies was reintroduced to British Columbia's Sunshine Coast from Vancouver Island in 1986. [6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Robb, Bob (January 2001). The Ultimate Guide to Elk Hunting. The Lyons Press. ISBN  1-58574-180-9.
  2. ^ Nancy Gates, ed. (November 2006). The Alaska Almanac: Facts about Alaska 30th Anniversary Edition. Alaska Northwest Books. ISBN  0-88240-652-3.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Rennick, Penny (November 1996). Mammals of Alaska. Alaska Geographic Society. ISBN  1-56661-034-6.
  4. ^ Houston, Douglas; Jenkins, Kurt. "Roosevelt Elk Ecology". Retrieved 2007-12-28.
  5. ^ Anthony Alan Arsenault, 2008, "Saskatchewan Elk (Cervus elaphus) Management Plan - Update", p.2: "1.1.2 - Physical Description", Fish and Wildlife Technical Report 2008-03, Saskatchewan Ministry of Environment, Fish, and Wildlife Branch
  6. ^

External links