Rock Creek Station Article

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Rock Creek Station
State Historical Park
Rock Creek Station SHP East Ranch 2.JPG
Reconstructed buildings at East Ranch
Map showing the location of Rock Creek Station State Historical Park
Map showing the location of Rock Creek Station State Historical Park
Location in Nebraska
Map showing the location of Rock Creek Station State Historical Park
Map showing the location of Rock Creek Station State Historical Park
Location in the United States
Location Jefferson County, Nebraska, United States
Nearest town Endicott, Nebraska
Coordinates 40°06′50″N 97°03′51″W / 40.11389°N 97.06417°W / 40.11389; -97.06417
ROCK CREEK STATION Latitude and Longitude:

40°06′50″N 97°03′51″W / 40.11389°N 97.06417°W / 40.11389; -97.06417
[1]
Area353 acres (143 ha) [2]
Elevation1,371 ft (418 m) [1]
Designation Nebraska state historical park
Established1980
Administrator Nebraska Game and Parks Commission
Website Rock Creek Station
State Historical Park

Rock Creek Station was a stagecoach and Pony Express station in southeastern Nebraska, three miles northeast of the present-day village of Endicott. The site is preserved as Rock Creek Station State Historical Park. [3]

History

Rock Creek Station was established in 1857 by S.C. Glenn along the Oregon Trail and California Trail, along the west bank of Rock Creek. The station was a supply center and campground for emigrants. In March 1859, the property was purchased by David McCanles and his brother, James, who added a toll bridge across Rock Creek, charging each wagon from 10¢ to 50¢ to cross the bridge depending upon their ability to pay. In 1860, McCanles built a cabin and dug a well on the east side of Rock Creek which became known as the East Ranch. [4]

In early 1861, McCanles sold the East Ranch to the Russell, Waddell, and Majors firm, which owned and operated the Pony Express, for a cash deposit with the remainder to be paid in installments. The West Ranch continued to be used as an emigrant rest stop and the home of the McCanles family until April 1861, when McCanles sold the West Ranch to freighters Hagenstein and Wolfe and moved his family to another property three miles south of Rock Creek Station. [4]

In July 1861, David McCanles stopped by Rock Creek Station to inquire about the status of an overdue installment. An argument ensued, and McCanles was shot and killed by a young James Butler Hickok, who later became known as Wild Bill Hickok. [4]

State park

In 1980, the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission began development of 350 acres (140 ha) as a state historical park; an adjoining 40-acre (16 ha) tract was developed as a state recreation area. Deep trail ruts can be seen in the park complex. The toll bridge and many of the station's buildings have been reconstructed; other features include a visitor center with exhibits about pioneers along the Oregon trail and Wild Bill Hickok, hiking trails, and a campground. [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Rock Creek Station State Historical Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "Rock Creek Station State Historical Park". Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Rock Creek Station State Historical Park". Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Rock Creek Station, Nebraska and the McCanles Massacre". Legends of America. Retrieved July 26, 2017.

External links