The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad was a Raleigh, North Carolina-based railroad opened in April 1840  between Raleigh and the town of Gaston, North Carolina, on the Roanoke River. It was North Carolina's second railroad (the Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad opened one month earlier). The length was 100 miles (160 km) and built with 4 ft 8 in (1,422 mm) gauge. 
The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad merged with the Seaboard Air Line Railroad in 1900, eventually becoming part of CSX Transportation. The Raleigh and Gaston's tracks now make up part of CSX's S Line as the Norlina Subdivision of CSX's Florence Division.
Below is a list of stations along the Raleigh and Gaston railroad: 
- Wake Forest
- Warren Plains
- The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad
- Confederate Railroads - Raleigh & Gaston
- T .H. Pearce and Michael T. Southern (October 1990). "Franklinton Depot" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-11-01.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "North Carolina Railroads - Raleigh & Gaston Railroad". www.carolana.com. Retrieved 2018-04-26.
- North Carolina Office of Archives and History: Marker E-22: Raleigh and Gaston Railroad
- CSA-railroads.com: Raleigh & Gaston Railroad
- DocSouth: Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of the Raleigh & Gaston Railroad Company
- NY Times: Raleigh and Gaston shareholders approve Seaboard consolidation
- NPS: Early History -- Raleigh: A Capital City
- NC Go - History of Transportation - 1800-1850
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