Purple Line (Los Angeles Metro) Article

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Metro Purple Line
LACMTA Circle Purple Line.svg
Metro Purple Line at Union Station.
Metro Purple Line at Union Station.
Overview
Owner Metro Rail
Transit type Heavy rail
Line number805
Number of stations8
Daily ridership149,096 (July 2016; avg. weekday, combined with Metro Red Line) [1]
Website Purple Line
Operation
Began operationJanuary 30, 1993; 25 years ago (January 30, 1993) (as a branch of the Red Line, renamed in 2006)
Operator(s) LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA)
CharacterSubway (fully underground)
Number of vehicles Breda A650
Train length4 cars (2 cars during off-peak hours)
Technical
System length6.4 mi (10.3 km) [2] [3]
No. of tracks2
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
( standard gauge)
Electrification750  V  DC third rail
System map

Amtrak Metrolink (Southern California)
Union Station
Red Line  Gold Line  Silver Line  FlyAway Bus Parking
Civic Center/Grand Park
Red Line  Silver Line 
Pershing Square
Red Line  Silver Line 
7th Street/Metro Center
Red Line  Blue Line  Expo Line  Silver Line 
Westlake/MacArthur Park
Red Line 
Wilshire/Vermont
Red Line 
Wilshire/Normandie
Wilshire/Western
Purple Line Extension
(planned)
Wilshire/La Brea
Wilshire/Fairfax
Wilshire/La Cienega
↑ opening 2023
↓ opening 2026
Wilshire/Rodeo
Century City
Westwood/UCLA
Westwood/VA Hospital

The Purple Line is a heavy rail subway line operating in Los Angeles, running between downtown and the Mid-Wilshire/ Koreatown districts. It is one of six lines on the Metro Rail System, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

The Metro Purple Line is one of the city's two subway lines (along with the Metro Red Line). Although they separate west of Downtown Los Angeles, the two subway lines (Purple and Red) were originally branded as two branches of the Red Line. The Purple Line was instituted as its own line, separate from the Red Line, in 2006. As of October 2013, the combined Red and Purple lines averaged 169,478 boardings per weekday. [1] Out of the eight stations served, only two of them are exclusive to the Purple Line, with the other six shared with the Red Line.

Service description

Route

Inside train fleet number #530 on the Metro Purple Line

The Metro Purple Line is a 6.4-mile (10.3 km) line [2] that begins at Union Station. At Union Station, passengers can connect to the Metro Silver Line bus rapid transit line, and the Metro Gold Line. The Purple Line travels southwest through Downtown Los Angeles, passing the Civic Center, Pershing Square (near the Historic Core) and the Financial District. Passengers can connect to the Metro Silver Line (both directions) at Civic Center Station. At Pershing Square Station, passengers can board the northbound Metro Silver Line bus at Olive Street/5th Street. At 7th St/Metro Center Station, travelers can connect to the Metro Blue Line, Metro Expo Line and the Metro Silver Line. From here, the train travels between 7th Street and Wilshire Boulevard (and briefly Ingraham Street) west through Pico-Union and Westlake, arriving at Wilshire/Vermont in the city's Mid-Wilshire/ Koreatown district. Up to this point, track is shared with the Metro Red Line: at Wilshire/Vermont, the two lines diverge. The Purple Line continues west for one additional mile, and terminates at Wilshire/Western.

Duplicate service on Wilshire

The Purple Line runs underground, below Wilshire Boulevard which is served on the surface by Metro Local route 20 and Metro Rapid route 720. Despite the duplicate service, Metro considers the redundant bus service justified because both bus routes run frequently from Downtown Los Angeles. Unlike the Purple Line, they run along the entire Wilshire corridor, west to Beverly Hills, Westwood and Santa Monica.

Hours of operation

Trains run between approximately 4:45 a.m. and 11:30 p.m. daily, with late night weekend service running until approximately 2:00 a.m. [4]

First and last train times are as follows:

To/From Wilshire/Western

Eastbound
  • First Train to Union Station: 4:41 a.m.
  • Last Train to Union Station: 11:42 p.m. (2:01 a.m. Friday and Saturday nights)
Westbound
  • First Train to Wilshire/Western: 4:56 a.m.
  • Last Train to Wilshire/Western: 11:27 p.m. (2:12 a.m. Friday and Saturday nights)

During the evenings Purple Line trains sometimes run as shuttles. Passengers must transfer to a Red Line train at Wilshire/Vermont. This will change once the Purple Line is extended to Westwood.

Headways

Trains on the Purple Line operate every ten minutes during peak hours Monday through Friday. [5] They operate every twelve minutes during the daytime weekdays and all day on the weekends after approximately 10 a.m. (with a 15-minute headway early Saturday and Sunday mornings). Night service can range between 20–30 minutes.

Ridership

The Purple Line is utilized mostly as a downtown shuttle on its shared segment with the Red Line. The stub between Vermont and Western has a very low ridership. According to Metro Service Coordinator Conan Cheung, the stub is operating 11% full during peak hours, and even lower at other times. [6]

History

The current Purple Line is the product of a long-term plan to connect Downtown Los Angeles to central and western portions of the city with a heavy rail subway system. Originally planned in the 1980s to travel west down Wilshire Boulevard to Fairfax Avenue and then north to the San Fernando Valley, a methane explosion at a Ross Dress for Less clothing store near Fairfax in 1985, just as construction got underway, led to a legal prohibition on tunnelling in a large part of Mid-Wilshire. Instead, after some wrangling, a new route was chosen up Vermont Avenue to Hollywood Boulevard. However, a short one-mile branch down Wilshire from Vermont to Western was allowed to remain in the system.

The service currently designated as the Purple Line opened in two minimum operating segments:

The Vermont branch began service in 1999. Initally, both branches were designated as part of the Red Line, but in 2006 trains travelling between Union Station and Wilshire/Western were rebranded the Purple Line for greater clarity.

Current and proposed extension

Metro is now aiming to complete the subway to the Westside. The new project is called the Purple Line Extension (the project was previously called the Westside Subway Extension) and the first phase broke ground on November 7, 2014. Metro released the Final Environmental Impact Report (FEIR) on March 19, 2012, and the first phase of the project (to Wilshire / La Cienega) was approved by Metro's Board of Directors on April 26, 2012. [9] Notice to proceed was issued to Tutor Perini on April 26, 2017 for phase two from Wilshire/La Cienega Station to Century City/Constellation Station. Pre-construction has commenced. [10] Metro is still attempting to obtain funding for phase three.

Station listing

Metro Purple Line train at Union Station. The Metro Red and Purple lines both end at Union Station,
the eastern terminus of both lines.
Metro Red & Purple Lines platform at 7th Street/Metro Center Station. At this transfer station passengers can connect to the Metro Silver Line at the street level, or the Metro Blue & Expo Lines above this platform.
Westlake/MacArthur Park Metro Red & Purple Lines station platform.

The following table lists the stations of the Purple Line, from east to west:

Station Connections Date Opened Station Parking City/ Neighborhood
Union Station

  Red Line  Metro Red Line
  Gold Line  Metro Gold Line
  Silver Line  Metro Silver Line

January 30, 1993 Nearby Paid Parking (Independent) Downtown
Los Angeles
Civic Center/Grand Park

  Red Line  Metro Red Line
  Silver Line  Metro Silver Line

  • Metro Local: 2, 4, 10, 14, 28, 30, 37, 40, 45, 48, 68, 70, 71, 76, 78, 79, 81, 83, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 302, 378
  • Metro Express: 442, 487, 489
  • Metro Rapid: 728, 733, 745, 770, 794
  • Antelope Valley Transit Authority: 785
  • City of Santa Clarita Transit: 799
  • Foothill Transit: Silver Streak, 493, 495 497, 498, 499, 699
  • LADOT Commuter Express: 409, 419, 422, 423, 431, 437, 438, 448, 534
  • LADOT DASH: A, B, D
  • Montebello Bus Lines: 341, 342
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: Rapid 10
  • Torrance Transit: 4
Nearby Paid Parking (Independent)
Pershing Square

  Red Line  Metro Red Line
  Silver Line  Metro Silver Line (northbound only)

  • Metro Local: 2, 4, 10, 14, 16, 18, 28, 30, 33, 37, 38, 40, 45, 48, 53, 55, 62, 68, 70, 71, 76, 78, 79, 81, 83, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 302, 316, 378
  • Metro Express: 442, 487, 489
  • Metro Rapid: 728, 733, 745, 770, 794
  • Angels Flight
  • Foothill Transit: Silver Streak
  • LADOT Commuter Express: 409
  • LADOT DASH: B, D
  • Montebello Bus Lines: 40, 50, 341, 342
  • Orange County Transportation Authority: 701, 721
  • Torrance Transit: 4 (northbound only)
Nearby Paid Parking (Independent)
7th Street/Metro Center

  Red Line  Metro Red Line
  Blue Line  Metro Blue Line
  Expo Line  Metro Expo Line
  Silver Line  Metro Silver Line

  • Metro Local: 14, 16, 18, 20, 37, 51, 52, 60, 62, 66, 76, 78, 79, 81, 316, 352, 378
  • Metro Express: 442, 460, 487, 489
  • Metro Rapid: 720, 760
  • Antelope Valley Transit Authority: 785
  • City of Santa Clarita Transit: 799
  • Foothill Transit: Silver Streak, 493, 495, 497, 498, 499, 699
  • LADOT Commuter Express: 409, 422, 423, 431, 437, 438, 448, 534
  • LADOT DASH: A, B, E, F
  • Montebello Bus Lines: 40, 50, 90, 341, 342
  • Orange County Transportation Authority: 701, 721
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: Rapid 10
  • Torrance Transit: 4
None
Westlake/MacArthur Park

  Red Line  Metro Red Line

  • Metro Local: 18, 20, 51, 52, 200, 352, 603
  • Metro Express: 487, 489
  • Metro Rapid: 720
  • Foothill Transit: 481
  • LADOT DASH: Pico Union/Echo Park
None Westlake
Wilshire/Vermont

  Red Line  Metro Red Line

  • Metro Local: 18, 20, 51, 52, 201, 204, 352
  • Metro Rapid: 720, 754
  • LADOT DASH: Wilshire Center/Koreatown
July 13, 1996 Nearby Paid Parking (Independent) Mid-Wilshire
Koreatown
Wilshire/Normandie
  • Metro Local: 18, 20, 206
  • Metro Rapid: 720
  • Foothill Transit: 481
None
Wilshire/Western
  • Metro Local: 18, 20, 66, 207, 209
  • Metro Rapid: 710, 720, 757
  • Foothill Transit: 481
  • LADOT DASH: Hollywood/Wilshire, Wilshire Center/Koreatown
  • Santa Monica Big Blue Bus: Rapid 7
None
Wilshire/La Brea
(under construction)
2023 None Miracle Mile
Wilshire/Fairfax
(under construction)
Beverly Grove
Wilshire/Cienega
(under construction)
Beverly Hills
Wilshire/Rodeo
(under construction)
2024
Century City
(under construction)
Los Angeles
Westwood/UCLA
(Pre-Construction Activity)
Westwood/VA Hospital
(Pre-Construction Activity)

Operations

Maintenance

The Purple Line is operated out of the Division 20 Yard (Santa Fe Yard) located at 320 South Santa Fe Avenue Los Angeles. This yard stores the fleet used on the Red and Purple Line. It is also where heavy maintenance is done on the fleet. Subways get to this yard by continuing on after Union Station. Trains make a right turn before coming to surface level at Ducommun Street, and then travel south to 1st Street where they enter the yard.

Rolling stock

The Purple Line uses Breda A650 75-foot (23 m) electric multiple unit cars built by Breda in Italy. Trains usually run in four-car consists during peak hours and two-car consists outside of peak hours. The acceleration for cars #531 and up is similar to that of cars used by the Washington Metro because they both use General Electric traction motors. [11] [12] The cars are maintained in a Metro yard on Santa Fe Drive near 4th Street alongside the Los Angeles River in Downtown Los Angeles.

In March 2017, Metro ordered new CRRC HR4000 railcars, some of which will operate on the Purple Line once the extension is completed. [13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Ridership Statistics - Rail Ridership Estimates". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. August 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  2. ^ a b "Regional Connector Transit Corridor Project Contract No. E0119 – Operations and Maintenance Plan (Final)" (PDF). 2.1 Metro Light Rail Overview. Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. September 10, 2013. p. 2-1. Retrieved 2017-05-19. The Purple Line operates 6.4 miles between Union Station in downtown Los Angeles and Wilshire/Western Station in Koreatown...
  3. ^ Simon, Richard; Rabin, Jeffrey L. (October 22, 1997). "Beleaguered MTA on Verge of Tunnel Triumph". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-02-27.
  4. ^ "Red & Purple lines timetable" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. June 23, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-17.
  5. ^ "Metro Bus & Rail System Map" (PDF). Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. December 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
  6. ^ Gabbard, Dana (November 23, 2010). "Metro's Conan Cheung Updates on Next 18 Months of Service Planning". Streetsblog LA. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  7. ^ Katches, Mark (January 31, 1993). "Red Line Rolls to Raves – It's Smooth Railing As L.A. Subway Opens". Los Angeles Daily News.
  8. ^ Bloom, David (May 22, 1996). "MTA Unveils New Downtown Line". Los Angeles Daily News.
  9. ^ "Purple Line Extension - Final EIR/EIS". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority. February 6, 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-17.
  10. ^ http://thesource.metro.net/2017/04/27/notice-to-proceed-issued-for-section-2-of-purple-line-extension/
  11. ^ Red line train
  12. ^ Washington Metro train
  13. ^ "L.A. Metro inks pact with CRRC for up to 282 new rail cars". Progressive Railroading. March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017.

External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata