Pottawatomie County, Kansas Article

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Pottawatomie County, Kansas
County
PottawatomieCoCH.JPG
Pottawatomie County Courthouse in Westmoreland (2009)
Map of Kansas highlighting Pottawatomie County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 20, 1857
Named for Potawatomi people
Seat Westmoreland
Largest city Manhattan
Area
 • Total862 sq mi (2,233 km2)
 • Land841 sq mi (2,178 km2)
 • Water21 sq mi (54 km2), 2.4%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016)23,661
 • Density26/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website pottcounty.org

Pottawatomie County (standard abbreviation: PT) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 21,604. [1] The county seat is Westmoreland. [2] The county takes its name from the Potawatomi tribe of Native Americans.

History

Early history

For millennia, the Great Plains of North America were inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th to 18th centuries, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, by the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized under the provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

In 1857, Pottawatomie County was established by the Kansas Territorial legislature, out of land formerly included in Riley County. The present county seat of Westmoreland was selected by a vote held in 1882.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 841 square miles (2,180 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (2.4%) is water. [3]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,529
18707,848413.3%
188016,350108.3%
189017,7228.4%
190018,4704.2%
191017,522−5.1%
192016,154−7.8%
193015,862−1.8%
194014,015−11.6%
195012,344−11.9%
196011,957−3.1%
197011,755−1.7%
198014,78225.8%
199016,1289.1%
200018,20912.9%
201021,60418.6%
Est. 201623,661 [4]9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790-1960 [6] 1900-1990 [7]
1990-2000 [8] 2010-2016 [1]
Age pyramid

Pottawatomie County is part of the Manhattan Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 18,209 people, 6,771 households, and 4,929 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 7,311 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.32% White, 0.66% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,771 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.20% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,176, and the median income for a family was $47,261. Males had a median income of $31,368 versus $23,238 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,785. About 6.40% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.2% 7,612 20.8% 2,225 8.0% 856
2012 71.8% 6,804 24.6% 2,335 3.6% 340
2008 70.2% 6,929 26.3% 2,599 3.5% 349
2004 71.7% 6,326 24.7% 2,176 3.6% 321
2000 64.5% 4,985 26.4% 2,037 9.2% 709
1996 58.2% 4,504 25.8% 1,997 16.1% 1,243
1992 38.9% 3,106 26.3% 2,099 34.9% 2,785
1988 59.5% 3,897 38.9% 2,544 1.7% 108
1984 71.1% 4,598 27.8% 1,798 1.1% 72
1980 63.4% 3,895 28.1% 1,724 8.6% 525
1976 59.1% 3,483 39.3% 2,316 1.7% 98
1972 73.5% 3,947 24.2% 1,298 2.3% 124
1968 63.7% 3,267 26.7% 1,368 9.7% 495
1964 51.4% 2,606 48.0% 2,432 0.6% 32
1960 63.2% 3,666 36.6% 2,125 0.2% 13
1956 75.0% 4,335 24.6% 1,422 0.4% 25
1952 77.9% 4,944 21.9% 1,387 0.2% 12
1948 62.6% 3,709 36.6% 2,167 0.8% 45
1944 70.0% 4,074 29.7% 1,727 0.3% 18
1940 69.1% 5,045 30.5% 2,226 0.4% 28
1936 53.8% 3,977 44.4% 3,284 1.9% 137
1932 45.5% 3,339 53.2% 3,910 1.3% 97
1928 65.3% 4,451 34.4% 2,341 0.4% 24
1924 68.3% 4,340 23.1% 1,471 8.6% 545
1920 77.0% 4,481 22.2% 1,293 0.8% 49
1916 55.7% 3,688 42.8% 2,834 1.6% 104
1912 25.1% 1,058 37.9% 1,599 37.0% 1,559
1908 60.8% 2,650 38.5% 1,680 0.7% 30
1904 69.9% 2,632 27.7% 1,045 2.4% 91
1900 56.4% 2,556 42.6% 1,929 1.0% 46
1896 50.0% 2,308 49.3% 2,276 0.8% 37
1892 49.8% 2,107 50.2% 2,124 [a]
1888 58.9% 2,419 35.8% 1,471 5.2% 214

Pottawatomie County is powerfully Republican. The only Democratic Presidential candidate to gain a majority in Pottawatomie County has been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, while since 1940 only Lyndon Johnson in 1964 has received so much as forty percent of the county’s vote.

Laws

Pottawatomie County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. [11]

Education

St. Columbkillane Church in Blaine

Unified school districts

The Unified School Districts that serve Pottawatomie County include:

Private schools

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Pottawatomie County ( map legend)

Cities

Prior to the creation of Tuttle Creek Lake, the town of Garrison existed in west central Pottawatomie County.

Townships

Pottawatomie County is divided into twenty-three townships. The city of Manhattan is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Belvue 05950 404 4 (11) 96 (37) 1 (0) 1.05% 39°14′7″N 96°11′21″W / 39.23528°N 96.18917°W / 39.23528; -96.18917
Blue 07550 1,802 16 (41) 114 (44) 14 (5) 10.66% 39°13′44″N 96°31′49″W / 39.22889°N 96.53028°W / 39.22889; -96.53028
Blue Valley 07725 339 3 (8) 115 (44) 13 (5) 9.95% 39°26′22″N 96°38′6″W / 39.43944°N 96.63500°W / 39.43944; -96.63500
Center 12000 104 1 (3) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°21′4″N 96°14′10″W / 39.35111°N 96.23611°W / 39.35111; -96.23611
Clear Creek 13800 113 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°31′6″N 96°23′36″W / 39.51833°N 96.39333°W / 39.51833; -96.39333
Emmett 21125 478 6 (16) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.61% 39°18′11″N 96°3′46″W / 39.30306°N 96.06278°W / 39.30306; -96.06278
Grant 27950 293 4 (10) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0% 39°31′27″N 96°5′4″W / 39.52417°N 96.08444°W / 39.52417; -96.08444
Green 28450 188 2 (4) 125 (48) 14 (5) 9.91% 39°21′14″N 96°36′6″W / 39.35389°N 96.60167°W / 39.35389; -96.60167
Lincoln 41000 124 2 (4) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.18% 39°25′37″N 96°3′26″W / 39.42694°N 96.05722°W / 39.42694; -96.05722
Lone Tree 42550 239 3 (7) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°30′54″N 96°18′18″W / 39.51500°N 96.30500°W / 39.51500; -96.30500
Louisville 42950 735 8 (20) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°15′40″N 96°19′10″W / 39.26111°N 96.31944°W / 39.26111; -96.31944
Mill Creek 46700 1,000 9 (24) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0% 39°30′11″N 96°10′50″W / 39.50306°N 96.18056°W / 39.50306; -96.18056
Pottawatomie 57250 499 3 (8) 155 (60) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°20′5″N 96°26′26″W / 39.33472°N 96.44056°W / 39.33472; -96.44056
Rock Creek 60625 653 7 (18) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 39°25′41″N 96°24′10″W / 39.42806°N 96.40278°W / 39.42806; -96.40278
St. Clere 62150 83 1 (3) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.21% 39°21′36″N 96°5′30″W / 39.36000°N 96.09167°W / 39.36000; -96.09167
St. George 62225 2,629 30 (79) 87 (33) 1 (1) 1.69% 39°11′46″N 96°24′56″W / 39.19611°N 96.41556°W / 39.19611; -96.41556
St. Marys 62425 2,789 28 (73) 99 (38) 1 (0) 0.60% 39°11′58″N 96°4′19″W / 39.19944°N 96.07194°W / 39.19944; -96.07194
Shannon 64300 235 2 (6) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°26′19″N 96°30′50″W / 39.43861°N 96.51389°W / 39.43861; -96.51389
Sherman 65050 126 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°25′54″N 96°17′29″W / 39.43167°N 96.29139°W / 39.43167; -96.29139
Spring Creek 67475 61 1 (2) 103 (40) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°31′50″N 96°31′19″W / 39.53056°N 96.52194°W / 39.53056; -96.52194
Union 72250 164 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°20′20″N 96°19′34″W / 39.33889°N 96.32611°W / 39.33889; -96.32611
Vienna 73875 92 1 (3) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°25′40″N 96°10′28″W / 39.42778°N 96.17444°W / 39.42778; -96.17444
Wamego 75350 5,056 100 (260) 50 (19) 2 (1) 3.20% 39°12′19″N 96°18′20″W / 39.20528°N 96.30556°W / 39.20528; -96.30556

Notable people

Among the famous natives of Pottawatomie County are world heavyweight boxing champion Jess Willard and automobile manufacturer Walter Chrysler.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
Notes
  1. ^ 2,101 votes (49.66 percent) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state’s Democrats) and 23 (0.54 percent) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading

External links

County
Maps


POTTAWATOMIE COUNTY KANSAS Latitude and Longitude:

39°20′N 96°18′W / 39.333°N 96.300°W / 39.333; -96.300