Texas (, locally ;
Spanish: Texas or Tejas
[ˈtexas]) is the second largest
state in the
United States by both
population. Geographically located in the
South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of
Louisiana to the east,
Arkansas to the northeast,
Oklahoma to the north,
New Mexico to the west, and the
Mexican states of
Nuevo León, and
Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the
Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
Houston is the
most populous city in Texas and the
fourth largest in the U.S., while
San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S.
Dallas–Fort Worth and
Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest
metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include
Austin, the second-most populous
state capital in the U.S., and
El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from
Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the
Due to its size and geologic features such as the
Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse
landscapes common to both the U.S.
Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S.
southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is
desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former
forests, and the
coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal
piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the
desert and mountains of the
HemisFair '68 was the first officially designated
world's fair held in the
Southwest United States.
San Antonio, Texas, hosted the fair from April 6 through October 6, 1968. More than 30 nations hosted
pavilions at the fair. The fair was held in conjunction with the 250th anniversary of the founding of San Antonio. The theme of the fair was "The Confluence of Civilizations in the Americas".
The official world's fair sanctioning body, the
Bureau International des Expositions, accredited HemisFair '68 on November 17, 1965. The venture, which had an announced cost of $156 million, was financed by a combination of public and private funding. The fair was built on a 96.2-acre site on the southeastern edge of downtown San Antonio. The site was acquired mainly through
eminent domain, and many structures were demolished and moved, in what was considered a blighted area, to make room for the fair. The project was partially developed with federal
urban renewal funds. The
San Antonio Conservation Society recommended that 129 structures on the site be preserved, but on August 9, 1966, an agreement was made to save only 20 existing structures that would be incorporated into the fair site. Overall, only 24 structures were saved.
Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during
World War II. He was the United States' leading authority on
submarines, as well as Chief of the Navy's
Bureau of Navigation in
1939. He was his country's last surviving
Chester W. Nimitz, son of Chester Bernhard and Anna (Henke) Nimitz, was born in
Fredericksburg, Texas, where his house is now a museum. He was significantly influenced by his grandfather, Charles H. Nimitz, a former seaman in the German Merchant Marine. Originally, young Nimitz had hoped to attend the
United States Military Academy at West Point and become an Army officer, but there were no appointments available. He was appointed to the
United States Naval Academy from the 12th Congressional District of
Texas in 1901, and graduated with distinction in January 1905, 7th in a class of 144. He was known throughout
World War II as the "Island Hopper" during the Pacific campaign.
Things you can do
Abilene is a city in
Texas. The population was 115,930 at the 2000 census. It is the principal city of the Abilene, Texas,
Metropolitan Statistical Area and the
county seat of Taylor County
Dyess Air Force Base is located to the west of the city.
Abilene is located off Interstate 20, between exits 279 on its western edge and 292 on the east, 150 miles west of
Fort Worth, Texas. The city is looped by I-20 to the north, US 277/83 on the west, and FM 322 to the east. A railroad divides the city from east to west, into north and south areas. The downtown area is on the north side of the railroad.
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Eagle Point, Caprock Canyons State Park