Texas (, locally ;
Spanish: Texas or Tejas
[ˈtexas]) is the second largest
state in the
United States by both
population. Geographically located in the
South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of
Louisiana to the east,
Arkansas to the northeast,
Oklahoma to the north,
New Mexico to the west, and the
Mexican states of
Nuevo León, and
Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the
Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
Houston is the
most populous city in Texas and the
fourth largest in the U.S., while
San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S.
Dallas–Fort Worth and
Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest
metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include
Austin, the second-most populous
state capital in the U.S., and
El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from
Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the
Due to its size and geologic features such as the
Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse
landscapes common to both the U.S.
Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S.
southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is
desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former
forests, and the
coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal
piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the
desert and mountains of the
Audie Leon Murphy (June 20, 1924–May 28, 1971) was an
American soldier in
World War II. In 27 months of combat action, he became the most decorated soldier in the history of the
U.S. Army. Murphy received the
Medal of Honor, the military's highest award for valor, along with 32 additional medals awarded for bravery and service. In the later part of his life, he went on to have a successful movie career, including the extremely popular
To Hell and Back.
Audie Leon Murphy was born to Emmett and Josie Bell Murphy (née Killian), two poor sharecroppers. He grew up near
Texas. He died in an airplane crash in May 1971.
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