Texas (, locally ;
Spanish: Texas or Tejas, pronounced
listen)) is the second largest
state in the
United States by both
population. Geographically located in the
South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of
Louisiana to the east,
Arkansas to the northeast,
Oklahoma to the north,
New Mexico to the west, and the
Mexican states of
Nuevo León, and
Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the
Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the
most populous city in Texas and the
fourth largest in the U.S., while
San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U.S.
Dallas–Fort Worth and
Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest
metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include
Austin, the second-most populous
state capital in the U.S., and
El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from
Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texan state seal. The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha, which means "friends" in the
Due to its size and geologic features such as the
Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse
landscapes common to both the U.S.
Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U.S.
southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is
desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former
forests, and the
coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal
piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the
desert and mountains of the
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is located between the cities of
Fort Worth, and is the busiest airport in
Texas. In terms of aircraft movements, it is the third busiest airport in the world. In terms of passenger traffic, it is the sixth busiest airport in the world transporting 59,064,360 passengers in 2005. In terms of land area, it is the largest airport in Texas, the second largest in the
United States, and fourth largest in the world with a ground area larger than the island of
Manhattan. It is the nation's tenth busiest
international gateway, behind
Honolulu International Airport. The airport was recently named as "The Best Cargo Airport in the World" according to the second edition of a survey.
The airport serves 129 domestic destinations and 36 international, and is the largest and main
American Airlines (800 daily departures), the world's largest
airline, and also the largest hub for
American Eagle, the world's largest regional airline. The airport is often referred to by its
IATA airport code, "DFW." It has its own post office and its own
ZIP Code. DFW is connected by shuttle bus to a
commuter rail station just south of the airport. The
Trinity Railway Express line serves both downtown Dallas and downtown Fort Worth.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an
American soldier and politician. During
World War II, he served as
Supreme Commander of the
Allied forces in Europe, with responsibility for planning and supervising the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944-45. In 1949 he became the first supreme commander of
NATO. As a
Republican, he was elected the 34th
President of the United States (1953–1961). As president he ended the
Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, reoriented the defense budget toward nuclear weapons, launched the space race, enlarged the Social Security program, and built the interstate highway system.
Things you can do
Dr Pepper Museum in
Waco, Texas. Damage inflicted by the 1953 Waco Tornado can be clearly seen in the newer, lighter bricks along the top-front quarter of the building.
McAllen is a city in
Hidalgo County, Texas. It is located at the very southern tip of
Texas in an area known as the
Rio Grande Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 106,414. Its southern boundary is located about five miles from the
United States-Mexico border, the
Rio Grande River.
McAllen is known as the “City of Palms” for the thousands of palm trees that dot the local landscape. A center for international commerce and trade, McAllen is a major gateway to
Mexico and the countries of Central America. The city’s population nearly doubled from October through March, as retirees descend upon the area. These “Winter Texans” come to enjoy the tropical climate, Mexican culture, square dancing, golf courses and other unique recreational outdoor opportunities.
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Eagle Point, Caprock Canyons State Park